Child labour and the violation of child rights : a case of child workers on tea and tobacco plantations in Malawi
AuthorMakwinja, Simon Matthias
The study attempts to determine the extent to which child labour constitutes a violation of child rights. The international documents, especially the CRC, depart from the universal conception of childhood, making children all over the world the same and deserving similar treatment, more so claiming their rights. Using the case of child workers on tea and tobacco estates in Malawi, it examines the notion of childhood which forms the basis to any child rights claims. Employing the cultural politics of childhood, the essay argues that childhood on which child rights are founded is a contested notion. Children are valued differently in all societies across the world. Additionally, the thesis argues that education proposed as a panacea for child labour is also a contested field as its aims and values vary across societies. The western education system may not be the ideal for the lives of children working on tea and tobacco estates. Thus, the basis on which child rights are based, and the proposition of schooling as solution remain problematic in the abolition of child rights. The thesis concludes by recommending the capability approach which provides an alternative to the understanding and protection human rights, children’s rights included. In the capability approach, the end (substantive opportunities) must be achieved freely (freedom of processes) through the most efficient and available means of sustaining economic life, security and welfare of people. The capability approach treats human rights and education from a holistic perspective.
PublisherUniversitetet i Tromsø
University of Tromsø
The following license file are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Chhetri, Kishore Kumar (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-29)This dissertation attempts to contextualize the practice of child labour in Bhutan by examining various socio-economic and cultural aspects. By reviewing the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, this dissertation looks into the policies, Acts and strategies adopted by the Royal Government of Bhutan in reducing child labour. It describes various characteristics of child labour in ...
Barns menneskerettslige krav på beskyttelse – En sammenligning av juridiske rammer for bekymringsmelding og undersøkelse i Norge og England Kane, Aina Aune (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)Barnets rett til beskyttelse skal ifølge FNs Konvensjon om barnets rettigheter (Barnekonvensjonen 1989) fremmes gjennom både lovgivning og myndighetsutøvelse. Både England og Norge har ratifisert barnekonvensjonen, og har nasjonale lover som skal sikre barnets beskyttelse mot vold og omsorgssvikt gjennom at bekymringsverdige forhold blir meldt fra om og undersøkt av ansvarlige myndigheter. Begge ...
The reintegration of female ex-abductees of the Lord's Resistance Army of Northern Uganda : a case of Gulu District Ainebyona, Gerald (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-28)ABSTRACT This thesis focuses on the reintegration of the female ex-abductees of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). The aim of Reintegration is to transform and empower these women and girls so that they can help themselves and have a successful future. For more than two decades, the war between the LRA and the government of Uganda, included violations of human rights, abductions of children into ...