Now showing items 21-40 of 99

    • Infrared Thermal Signature Evaluation of a Pure and Saline Ice for Marine Operations in Cold Climate 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre; Mughal, Umair Najeeb (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Marine operations in cold climates are subjected to abundant ice accretion, which can lead to heavy ice loads over larger surface area. For safe and adequate operations on marine vessels over a larger area, remote ice detection and ice mitigation system can be useful. To study this remote ice detection option, lab experimentation was performed to detect the thermal gradient of ice with the infrared ...
    • Shock Tube. Detail overview of equipment and instruments in the shock tube experimental setup 

      Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Kapaya, Juma; Moatamedi, Mojtaba (Book; Bok, 2015)
      The shock tube is a device in which a normal shock wave is produced by the interaction of fluids at significantly high-pressure difference. The shock tube is comprised of two sections known as driver and driven sections. These two sections are interacted with the high-speed valve or a bursting disc. When the interaction happens, a shock wave forms almost instantaneously and propagates into the driven ...
    • Ice Detection Setup Using Infrared and Active Heating 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015)
      Considering the cold environment operations, ice accretion can occur at a rapid pace and can adversely affect the operations. In such scenario, ice detection is useful for the ice mitigation and removal upon the marine and offshore structures. Various techniques exist in the literature to detect the icing mainly utilizing its physical or electromagnetic properties. The parameters measured by these ...
    • Shipping oil from the Russian Arctic: Past experiences and future prospects 

      Bambulyak, Alexei; Sydnes, Are K.; Milakovic, Aleksandar-Sasa; Frantzen, Bjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06)
      Transport of oil from Russian Arctic ports to Western markets was insignificant prior to 2002. In 2002, there was a major surge, with 5 million tonnes delivered westwards through the Barents Sea. By 2004, this had increased to 12 million tonnes. Since then, annual volumes have been on levels between 9 and 15 million tonnes. In the near future, the flow of oil cargo in the Arctic may rise ...
    • Marine icing observed on KV Nordkapp during a cold air outbreak with a developing polar low in the Barents sea. 

      Samuelsen, Eirik Mikal; Løset, Sveinung; Edvardsen, Kåre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06)
      Marine icing is a phenomenon that may occur for temperatures below subfreezing where sea spray either is lofted from the sea surface or being generated by waves interacting with a ship or a structure. On a voyage from Tromsø to the waters east of Bjørnøya late February 1987, the Norwegian Coast Guard vessel KV Nordkapp experienced heavy icing due to a polar low that raged over these waters during ...
    • Ambient air quality and the effects of air pollutants on otolaryngology in Beijing 

      Zhang, Fengying; Xu, Jin; Zhang, Ziying; Meng, Haiying; Wang, Li; Lu, Jinmei; Wang, Wuyi; Kraft, Thomas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-07-09)
      Abstract To investigate temporal patterns, pollution concentrations and the health effects of air pollutants in Beijing we carried out time-series analyses on daily concentrations of ambient air pollutants and daily numbers of outpatient visits for otolaryngology over 2 years (2011– 2012) to identify possible health effects of air pollutants. The results showed that PM10 was the major air ...
    • Finite element analysis of human femur bone 

      Mughal, Uzair; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Moatamedi, Mojtaba (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-04)
      An effort is made to analyse the stresses experienced by the human femur. In order to achieve these results a CAD model was developed by using the 3-D scanning of generic human femur for an individual of 70 kg weight (approx. averaged adult weight). The marrow cavity has been approximated as a hollow cylinder. The FEM model was built using solid tetrahedral element (20-noded 186 structural ...
    • Infrared Thermal Signature Evaluation of a Pure Ice Block 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre; Mughal, Umair Najeeb (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015-08-23)
      Marine operations in cold climates are subjected to heavy ice accretion, which can lead to heavy ice loads causing safety concerns. Atmospheric and sea spray icing can cause severe ice accretion on structures. Ice detection over the relatively larger surface area of marine platforms and vessels could be significant for ice mitigation and its removal in cold climates. A thermal ice signature ...
    • Evaluating Visual Saliency Algorithms: Past, Present and Future 

      Sharma, Puneet (Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-09-01)
      With the introduction of compressed sensing (CS) theory, investigation into exploiting sparseness and optimizing compressive sensing performance has ensued. Compressed sensing is highly applicable to images, which naturally have sparse representations. Improvements in the area of image denoising have resulted from the combination of highly-directional transforms with shrinkage and thresholding ...
    • Dynamic spare parts transportation model for Arctic production facility 

      Ayele, Yonas Zewdu; Barabadi, Abbas; Barabady, Javad (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-09-14)
      Timely delivery of the required spare parts plays an important role in meeting the availability target and reducing the downtime of production facilities. Spare parts logistics is affected in complex ways while operating in the Arctic, since the area is sparsely populated and has insufficient infrastructure. It is also greatly affected by the distinctive operational environment of the region, ...
    • Prediction of the long-term performance of green liquor dregs as a sealing layer to prevent the formation of acid mine drainage 

      Mäkitalo, Maria; Lu, Jinmei; Maurice, Christian; Öhlander, Björn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-10-08)
      One of the mining industry's main concerns is the management of waste rock and tailings generated by sulfide ore extraction. Upon exposure of atmospheric oxygen, iron sulfides oxidize generating acidity. Infiltrating water form a metal-rich acidic leachate called acid mine drainage (AMD), that can cause serious environmental problems. Green liquor dregs (GLD) is a material that resists the passage ...
    • Application of a 2-D approximation technique for solving stress analyses problem in FEM 

      Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-24)
    • Review of the phenomenon of fluidization and its numerical modelling techniques 

      Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-24)
    • Marine Icing and Anti/De-icing Systems 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015-12-10)
      Shipping operations are on the rise in the Arctic region. Due to these increased activities, maritime transport operations are encountering significant challenges with respect to the safety and reliability. These shipping operations are comprised of commercial vessels such as oil tankers, container ships, fishing vessels, tourism cruises, research and offshore exploration vessels and icebreakers In ...
    • Measuring the Sea Spray Flux using High-Speed Camera 

      Johansen, Jarle André; Edvardsen, Kåre; Sharma, Puneet; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015-12-10)
      The sea spray contains water droplets that are produced due to sea waves that collide with the marine structures as well as the breaking of waves due to the strong winds. Similarly, fog and precipitation at sea level may contribute to the phenomenon of sea spray containing water droplets of minuscule sizes. Wind characteristics (speed and direction) also has a direct influence on the speed of water ...
    • Multiphysics investigation of Ice Adhesion over PVC surface 

      Xue, Hui; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015-12-10)
      This work investigates the ice over a PVC (polyvinyl chloride also known as ‘PVC’) surface as a two-layer laminate model. In this study, ice was frozen over a PVC surface and allowed to adhere. The built samples were tested experimentally in a four-point loading setup. The experimental results contain strain data gathered through data acquisition system using LabView® software. The data was collected ...
    • Multiphysicsbased Condition Monitoring of Composite Materials 

      Xue, Hui; Sharma, Puneet; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015-12-10)
      Composites are increasingly being used in products such as: automobiles, bridges, boats, drillships, offshore platforms, aircrafts and satellites. The increased usage of these composite materials and the fact that the conditions pertaining to their failure are not fully understood makes it imperative to develop condition monitoring systems for composite structures. <br>In this work, we present a ...
    • Multiphysics Simulation of Infrared Signature of an Ice Cube 

      Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Rashid, Taimur; Eiksund, Oddmar; Brodal, Eivind; Edvardsen, Kåre (Peer reviewed; Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015-12-11)
      This poster presents the Multiphysics numerical methodologies used to simulate the Infrared (IR) signature of an ice cube when taken out of the cold environment (-28 C) and allowed to warm at room temperature conditions by means of natural convection. The ice cube is chosen to simplify the geometry. The cubical geometry can be discretized simply and hence allows easy application of Multiphysics ...
    • Group Based Asymmetry – A Fast Saliency Algorithm 

      Sharma, Puneet; Eiksund, Oddmar (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2015-12-18)
      In this paper, we propose a saliency model that makes two major changes in a latest state-of-the-art model known as group based asymmetry. First, based on the properties of the dihedral group D4 we simplify the asymmetry calculations associated with the measurement of saliency. This results is an algorithm which reduces the number of calculations by at-least half that makes it the fastest among the ...
    • A methodology for identification of suitable drilling waste handling systems in the Arctic region 

      Ayele, Yonas Zewdu; Barabadi, Abbas; Barabady, Javad (Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2016)
      As the demands to reduce the environmental impact of oil and gas operations increase in the Arctic region, the need to identify suitable waste handling systems become more essential. The aim of this paper is to propose a methodology for identifying suitable drilling waste handling system, by considering the distinctive operating condition of the Arctic region. The proposed methodology can help the ...