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dc.contributor.authorKristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter
dc.contributor.authorWider, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorNilsen, Jorunn Valle
dc.contributor.authorBjelland, Mona
dc.contributor.authorMora, Dana Catalina
dc.contributor.authorNordberg, Johanna H.
dc.contributor.authorBroderstad, Ann Ragnhild
dc.contributor.authorNakandi, Kiwumulo
dc.contributor.authorStub, Trine
dc.description.abstractBackground The increasing number of patients surviving cancer leads to more people experiencing late and long term-effects from the disease and its treatment. Fatigue, sleep disorders, early menopause, pain, and nerve damage are commonly reported. Methods helping people to recover after cancer treatment are therefore essential. The aims of this study were threefold; (1) to determine the level of cancer patients suffering from late and long-term effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment in Norway, (2) explore complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities used for managing these adversities, and (3) describe self-perceived benefits and harms of the CAM interventions.<p> <p>Methods The study was conducted in cooperation with the Norwegian Cancer Society (NCS) and consisted of an online cross-sectional study among members of the NCS user panel with present or previous cancer (n = 706). The study was carried out in September/October 2021 using a modified cancer-specific version of the International Questionnaire to Measure Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (I-CAM-Q). A total of 315 women and 153 men agreed to participate, resulting in a response rate of 67%. <p>Results Most of the participants (83%) suffered from late and long-term effects of cancer treatment; mostly fatigue (59.2%), sleep disorder (41.5%), hot flashes (39.2%), nerve damage (polyneuropathy, 38.0%), and pain (36.6%) with a mean number of 5.1 different late and long-term effects. Late and long-term effects were positively associated with younger age and college/university education. Nearly half of the participants experiencing late and long-term effects (43%) reported having used CAM to treat these complaints. Most frequently used were self-help practices (26%) such as relaxation therapy (19%), yoga (14%) and meditation (13%), but also visits to CAM providers were reported by 22%. Herbal- and other natural remedies to treat late and long-term effects were used by 13%. A high percentage of CAM users reported self-perceived improvements of their symptoms (86% for self-help practices, 90% for visits to CAM providers). Few experienced adverse effects of the CAM treatment. <p>Conclusion A large proportion of cancer patients suffered from a wide range of late and long-term effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment, and they use CAM to treat these complaints to a rather high degree. Relaxation therapy, yoga, meditation, massage, and acupuncture were the most frequently used therapies regardless of complaint. The therapies used are generally considered to be both safe and beneficial for the respective complaint, indicating that the participants seem to be well informed about the choices they make.en_US
dc.identifier.citationKristoffersen AE, Wider B, Nilsen JV, Bjelland M, Mora DC, Nordberg JH, Broderstad ARB, Nakandi KSR, Stub T. Prevalence of late and long-term effects of cancer (treatment) and use of complementary and alternative medicine in Norway. BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies. 2022;22(322)en_US
dc.identifier.cristinIDFRIDAID 2089144
dc.relation.journalBMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2022 The Author(s)en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)en_US
dc.titlePrevalence of late and long-term effects of cancer (treatment) and use of complementary and alternative medicine in Norwayen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)