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dc.contributor.authorHnat, Bogdan
dc.contributor.authorChapman, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorWatkins, Nicholas
dc.description.abstractIn near-collisionless plasmas, which are ubiquitous in astrophysics, entropy production relies on fully-nonlinear processes such as turbulence and reconnection, which lead to particle acceleration. Mechanisms for turbulent reconnection include multiple magnetic fux ropes interacting to generate thin current sheets which undergo reconnection, leading to mixing and magnetic merging and growth of coherent structures, unstable reconnection current layers that fragment and turbulent reconnection outfows. All of these processes act across, and encompass, multiple reconnection sites. We use Magnetospheric Multi Scale four-point satellite observations to characterize the magnetic feld line topology within a single reconnection current layer. We examine magnetopause reconnection where the spacecraft encounter the Electron Difusion Region (EDR). We fnd fuctuating magnetic feld with topology identical to that found for dynamically evolving vortices in hydrodynamic turbulence. The turbulence is supported by an electron-magnetohydrodynamic (EMHD) fow in which the magnetic feld is efectively frozen into the electron fuid. Accelerated electrons are found in the EDR edge where we identify a departure from this turbulent topology, towards two-dimensional sheet-like structures. This is consistent with a scenario in which sub-ion scale turbulence can suppress electron acceleration within the EDR which would otherwise be possible in the electric feld at the X-line.en_US
dc.identifier.citationHnat, Chapman, Watkins. Topology of turbulence within collisionless plasma reconnection. Scientific Reports. 2023;13(1)en_US
dc.identifier.cristinIDFRIDAID 2201160
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen_US
dc.relation.journalScientific Reports
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2023 The Author(s)en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)en_US
dc.titleTopology of turbulence within collisionless plasma reconnectionen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)