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dc.contributor.advisorLindsetmo, Rolv-ole
dc.contributor.authorJoakimsen, Henrik Lykke
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-08T10:12:50Z
dc.date.available2024-02-08T10:12:50Z
dc.date.issued2023-09-12
dc.description.abstractAbstract Objectives: Machine learning (ML) for medical imaging is emerging for several organs and image modalities. Our objectives were to provide clinicians with an overview of this field by answering the following questions: (1) How is ML applied in liver computed tomography (CT) imaging? (2) How well do ML systems perform in liver CT imaging? (3) What are the clinical applications of ML in liver CT imaging? Methods: A systematic review was carried out according to the guidelines from the PRISMA-P statement. The search string focused on studies containing content relating to artificial intelligence, liver, and computed tomography. Results: One hundred ninety-one studies were included in the study. ML was applied to CT liver imaging by image analysis without clinicians’ intervention in majority of studies while in newer studies the fusion of ML method with clinical intervention have been identified. Several were documented to perform very accurately on reliable but small data. Most models identified were deep learning-based, mainly using convolutional neural networks. Potentially many clinical applications of ML to CT liver imaging have been identified through our review including liver and its lesion segmentation and classification, segmentation of vascular structure inside the liver, fibrosis and cirrhosis staging, metastasis prediction, and evaluation of chemotherapy. Conclusion: Several studies attempted to provide transparent result of the model. To make the model convenient for a clinical application, prospective clinical validation studies are in urgent call. Computer scientists and engineers should seek to cooperate with health professionals to ensure this.en_US
dc.descriptionThis Master thesis is identical to the published paper available in Munin post <a href=https://hdl.handle.net/10037/29887>https://hdl.handle.net/10037/29887</a>.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10037/32877
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherUiT Norges arktiske universiteten_US
dc.publisherUiT The Arctic University of Norwayen_US
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2023 The Author(s)
dc.subject.courseIDMED-3910
dc.subjectMachine learningen_US
dc.subjectRadiologyen_US
dc.subjectLiver neoplasmsen_US
dc.titlePerformance and clinical applicability of machine learning in liver computed tomography imaging: a systematic reviewen_US
dc.typeMaster thesisen_US
dc.typeMastergradsoppgaveen_US


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