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  • Class prefixes as Specifiers in Southern Bantu  

    Taraldsen, Knut T; Taraldsen Medová, Lucie; Langa, David (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-02)
    We argue that a set of facts about the plural nominal class prefixes in Southern Bantu languages shows that some plural prefixes spell out a phrasal constituent, a Specifier bottoming out in a classifier-like noun. This leads us to adopt a theory of lexicalization that leads to the conclusion that all nominal class prefixes in Southern Bantu lexicalize Specifiers of this sort, and we argue that the ...
  • The effects of discourse topic on global and local markers in Croatian ditransitives 

    Velnic, Marta (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-04)
    This study investigates the impact that discourse topic has on (i) word order (global marking) and (ii) referring expression (local marking), in ditransitive structures in Croatian preschoolers and adult controls. According to general pragmatic principles, the discourse topic argument is expected to be placed before the rest of the sentence, thus complying with the (discourse) topic-comment order ...
  • Language maintenance through corpus planning – the case of Kven. 

    Keränen, Mari (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-30)
    The Kven language that is spoken in northernmost Norway was officially recognized as a language in 2005. The history of the language community dates back to the sixteenth century according to tax books. There is still an ongoing discussion among certain language users, whether Kven is in fact a language or one of the Finnish dialects. The language planning of Kven has started in 2007 by ...
  • Eliciting Big Data From Small, Young, or Non-standard Languages: 10 Experimental Challenges 

    Leivada, Evelina; D'Alessandro, Roberta; Grohmann, Kleanthes K. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-14)
    The aim of this work is to identify and analyze a set of challenges that are likely to be encountered when one embarks on fieldwork in linguistic communities that feature small, young, and/or non-standard languages with a goal to elicit big sets of rich data. For each challenge, we (i) explain its nature and implications, (ii) offer one or more examples of how it is manifested in actual linguistic ...
  • Evangelisk ironi 

    Gaasland, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    This article addresses the question whether unreliable narration, as the concept is understood in the tradition following Wayne Booth’s original definition, can occur in non-fictional stories. Contrary to Pekka Tammi’s conclusion in a recent article, this article’s answer is affirmative. It seeks to demonstrate, through a comparative analysis of respectively Mark’s and Matthew’s stories about the ...
  • Экспериментальное исследование русских потенциальных глаголов с приставками о- и у- 

    Endresen, Anna; Janda, Laura Alexis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    В статье представлено экспериментальное исследование потенциальных слов русского языка, об- разованных по двум продуктивным моделям, а именно деадъективных глаголов с приставками о- и у- типа овнешнить и уконкретить, обытовить и украсивить, и др. В частности, проверяются четыре гипотезы о том, определяются ли суждения о приемлемости потенциальных глаголов а) частотностью и статусом слова в языке, ...
  • Romsa – byen som ikkje ville vera samisk: Ein politisk thriller 

    Vangsnes, Øystein A (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2013)
    <i>Introduksjon:</i> 13. desember 2010 vedtok Tromsø kommunestyre med to tredels fleirtal følgjande: <p> <p><i>1</i>. Starte opp arbeidet med å utarbeide en handlingsplan for samisk språk i Tromsø kommune.<p> <p><i>2</i>. Handlingsplanen behandles i Tromsø kommunestyre i juni 2011 som grunnlag for å søke om å innlemme Tromsø kommune i forvaltningsområdet for samiske språk. 15 av dei 43 ...
  • The acquisition of word order in L2 Norwegian: The case of subject and object shift 

    Anderssen, Merete; Bentzen, Kristine; Busterud, Guro; Dahl, Anne; Lundquist, Bjørn; Westergaard, Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-13)
    This article reports on a syntactic acceptability judgement study of 59 adult L2/Ln learners of Norwegian and a group of native controls, studying subject and object shift. These constructions involve movement of (mainly) pronominal subjects or objects across negation/adverbs. Both subject shift and object shift display considerable micro-variation in terms of syntax and information structure, ...
  • Using authentic texts for grammar exercises for a minority language 

    Antonsen, Lene; Argese, Chiara (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-02)
    <p>This paper presents an ATICALL (Authentic Text ICALL) system with automatic visual input enhancement activities for training complex inflection systems in a minority language. We have adapted the freely available VIEW system which was designed to automatically generate activities from any web content.</p> <p>Our system is based on finite state transducers (FST) and Constraint Grammar, originally ...
  • The Public Library and Social Media. A Case Study from Tromsø, Norway 

    Skare, Roswitha (Peer reviewed; Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2018-10)
    <i>Introduction</i>: Historically, archives, libraries and museums (ALM) have been perceived as institutions providing infrastructure for an open and enlightened public discourse. The Norwegian Public Libraries Act (Lov om folkebibliotek), for instance, focuses on public libraries being providers of knowledge and cultural expressions, agents of popular enlightenment, local meeting places and arenas ...
  • Less is more: why all paradigms are defective, and why that is a good thing 

    Janda, Laura Alexis; Tyers, Francis Morton (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-21)
    Only a fraction of lexemes are encountered in all their paradigm forms in any corpus or even in the lifetime of any speaker. This raises a question as to how it is that native speakers confidently produce and comprehend word forms that they have never witnessed. We present the results of an experiment using a recurrent neural network computational learning model. In particular, we com- pare the ...
  • 'No fornicar': el discurso de culpa, penitencia y perdón en el Confessonario en lengua cumanagota (1723) de Diego de Tapia 

    Sarion, Roxana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    Este artículo plantea el análisis del Confessonario en lengua cumanagota (1723) del franciscano Diego de Tapia como herramienta de conversión basada en modelos de represión y técnicas inquisitoriales. Con el fin de perseguir al indígena en su conducta infiel y lasciva, el confesionario se presenta como instrumento coercitivo destinado a enseñar la ética cristiana a los indígenas de la costa oriental ...
  • Intersecting Frames of Legibility in Conversion de Piritu (1690): A Remodeling of Paratexts in the Digital Setting 

    Sarion, Roxana Mihaela (Peer reviewed; Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2018-09-01)
    In this chapter Roxana Sarion examines the understudied Spanish colonial missionary text Conversion de Piritu (1690) by Matías Ruiz Blanco to demonstrate how it has been able to convey different cultural messages over time due to its changing material and visual forms, which becomes particularly prominent in the digital age. The change from the printed format to the digital adds new cultural dimensions ...
  • The decade construction rivalry in Russian: Using a corpus to study historical linguistics 

    Nesset, Tore; Makarova, Anastasia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-16)
    This article addresses the diachronic development of so-called rival forms, i.e., words or grammatical constructions that appear to be synonyms, based on a detailed empirical analysis of two seemingly synonymous constructions in Russian. Corresponding to the English ‘decade construction’ <i>in the twenties</i>, Russian has two rival constructions, viz. <i>v dvadcatye gody</i> [<i>lit</i>. “in the ...
  • When We Went Digital and Seven Other Stories about Slavic Historical Linguistics in the 21st Century 

    Nesset, Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-22)
    In this overview article, I seek to identify and discuss some tendencies in Slavic historical linguistics in recent years. Rather than presenting an extensive catalogue of studies on miscellaneous topics, I focus on three general issues, viz., how Slavic historical linguistics is developing in response to new theoretical ideas, methodological innovation, and "new" data. The article explores case ...
  • L1-L2 differences in the L2 classroom: Anticipating Anglophone learners' difficulties with French pronoun interpretation 

    Shimanskaya, Elena; Slabakova, Roumyana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-29)
    In this article, we address the issue of targeted instruction on interpretive contrasts between native and second-language grammatical meanings. Such mismatches are predicted to create challenges for learners. We illustrate this with French and English pronouns. In French, clitic pronouns (<i>le, la</i>) point to human as well as inanimate referents, while English pronouns distinguish between human ...
  • A Research Program for Studying LAMs and Community in the Digital Age 

    Vårheim, Andreas; Skare, Roswitha; Lenstra, Noah; Latham, Kiersten F.; Grenersen, Geir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    The paper outlines a research effort into the changing representations, policies, strategies, activities, and practices of libraries, archives, and museums (LAMs) in the digital age. Comprehensive social changes including big slow-moving processes, such as aging populations, global migration, technological change, and environmental change, expose communities and LAM institutions to vulnerabilities. ...
  • How to Translate Compounds into Russian? 

    Nesset, Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-29)
    The present study contributes to contrastive Germanic-Slavic linguistics through an empirical investigation of Norwegian compounds and corresponding constructions in Russian. First, it is demonstrated that five Russian constructions function as frequent equivalents of Norwegian compounds: simplex word, adjective+noun, noun+noun in the genitive, noun+prepositional phrase, and compound. Second, it is ...
  • Fra dobbelt stigma til dobbel stolthet: språkkontakt i Nord-Norge i en ideologisk brytningstid 

    Johansen, Åse Mette (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
    Målsettinga med denne artikkelen er å skissere den språkideologiske kompleksiteten som gjelder for mange eldre flerspråkssituasjoner i Nord-Norge, det vil si kontaktsituasjoner som involverer samisk og/eller kvensk og norsk. Datagrunnlaget er henta fra en kvalitativ studie av språkbytte og språkbevaring i den tradisjonelt trespråklige kystbygda Olmmáivággi/Manndalen i Gáivuona suohkan / Kåfjord ...
  • Tidlig tilegnelse av bestemt artikkel i norsk : 

    Anderssen, Merete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
    Tidlig barnespråk karakteriseres av utelatelse av grammatiske elementer, deriblant bestemt og ubestemt artikkel. Mange forklaringer har vært foreslått for dette, blant annet at det er et resultat av en preferanse for såkalte trokeiske stavelsesstrukturer i tidlig barnespråk. Norsk representerer et perfekt språk for å teste en slik hypotese, ettersom kombinasjonen av ubestemt determinativ ...

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