Recent additions

  • Bilingualism is a long-term cognitively challenging experience that modulates metabolite concentrations in the healthy brain 

    Pliatsikas, Christos; Pereira Soares, Sergio Miguel; Voits, Toms; DeLuca, Vincent; Rothman, Jason (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-29)
    Cognitively demanding experiences, including complex skills acquisition and processing, have been shown to induce brain adaptations, at least at the macroscopic level, e.g. on brain volume and/or functional connectivity. However, the neurobiological bases of these adaptations, including at the cellular level, are unclear and understudied. Here we use bilingualism as a case study to investigate the ...
  • Foreign Accent in Pre- and Primary School Heritage Bilinguals 

    Kupisch, Tanja; Kolb, Nadine; Rodina, Yulia; Urek, Olga (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-24)
    Previous research has shown that the two languages of early bilingual children can influence each other, depending on the linguistic property, while adult bilinguals predominantly show influence from the majority language to the minority (heritage) language. While this observed shift in influence patterns is probably related to a shift in dominance between early childhood and adulthood, there is ...
  • ‘You are Iranian even if you were born on the moon’: family language policies of the Iranian diaspora in the UK 

    Gharibi, Khadij; Mirvahedi, Seyed Hadi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-08)
    With a focus on an under-studied group of immigrants in the UK, this paper examines Iranian families’ language ideologies and practices at home in relation to Persian acquisition and maintenance for their children. Working within a family language policy (FLP) framework, we draw on sociolinguistic data from semi-structured interviews with eighteen mothers to understand how parental beliefs, their ...
  • "Hvem pokker gider bli spiritist": Arne Garborgs möte med spiritismen 

    Johnsson, Henrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-03)
    Artikeln utgör en idéhistorisk undersökning av Arne Garborgs intresse för spiritismen under 1890-talets första hälft. Artikeln argumenterar för att Garborg anlägger samma förhållningssätt till spiritismen som den samtida parapsykologin i det att han söker ge en naturlig förklaring till de fenomen som rapporteras från spiritistiska seanser. Garborgs uppmärksammande av spiritismen sätts vidare i ...
  • You can’t fix what is not broken: Contextualizing the imbalance of perceptions about heritage language bilingualism. 

    Bayram, Fatih; Kubota, Maki; Luque, Alicia; Pascual y Cabo, Diego; Rothman, Jason (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-29)
    In this article, we discuss the perceptions of researchers who work on heritage language bilingualism (HLB), educators who teach heritage speakers (HSs), and, crucially, HSs themselves regarding the nature of bilingualism in general as well as HLB specifically. Despite the fact that all groups are invested in HLB and that researchers and educators tend to have a similar basic understanding of HLB ...
  • The plausibility of wholesale vs. property-by-property transfer in L3 acquisition 

    Westergaard, Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-01)
    In Schwartz and Sprouse’s keynote “The Full Transfer/Full Access model and L3 cognitive states” (henceforth S&S), the authors discuss the concept of Full Transfer from their own work on L2 acquisition in the 1990s in relation to new developments in L3/Ln acquisition. They claim that Full Transfer must be understood as Wholesale Transfer (WT) and argue against what they refer to as Piecemeal Transfer ...
  • Experimental evidence for the interpretation of definite plural articles as markers of genericity – How Italian can help 

    Redolfi, Michela; Pereira Soares, Sergio Miguel; Czypionka, Anna; Kupisch, Tanja (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-05)
    In the Romance languages, definite plural articles (e.g., le rane ‘the frogs’) are generally ambiguous between a generic and a specific interpretation, and speakers must reconstruct the intended interpretation through the linguistic or extra-linguistic context. Following the “polar bear” paradigm implemented in Czypionka & Kupisch (2019)’s investigation on German, the goal of the present study is ...
  • Toward a resource poetics in Muriel Rukeyser’s Book of the Dead and Mark Nowak’s Coal Mountain Elementary 

    Parks, Justin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-05)
    Muriel Rukeyser’s 1936 documentary poem <i>The Book of the Dead</i> appropriates various forms of textual evidence to document a devastating mining disaster that occurred in 1930 in rural Gauley Bridge, West Virginia. Written in the aftermath of the post-2008 financial crisis, Mark Nowak’s 2009 text <i>Coal Mountain Elementary</i> revisits the same landscape Rukeyser had sought out seventy years ...
  • Ethiosemitic languages: Classifications and classification determinants 

    Feleke, Tekabe Legesse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-20)
    The present study addresses three concerns: (1) presents the areal classification of Ethiosemitic languages; (2) identifies major determinants of the distance among the languages; (3) challenges previous genealogical classifications of Ethiosemitic languages. To address these objectives, cluster analyses were performed on randomly selected 147 word lists. Multidimensional scaling was employed for ...
  • Practicalities of language data collection and management in and around Indonesia 

    Visser, Eline; Klamer, Marian; Edwards, Owen; Fricke, Hanna; Gialitaki, Zoi; Moro, Francesca; Palmér, Axel; Saad, George; Sulistyono, Yunus; Wu, Jiang (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021)
    Researchers use different approaches when collecting and managing primary language materials during fieldwork. Yet it is important that this work is done in a transparent way, so that it can be used by other researchers, who might have other aims, as well as by the speaker community who might want to use or take note of the collected materials. In this article we use our research experience in ...
  • Gender attraction in sentence comprehension 

    González Alonso, Jorge; Cunnings, Ian; Fujita, Hiroki; Miller, David; Rothman, Jason (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-18)
    Agreement attraction, where ungrammatical sentences are perceived as grammatical (e.g., <i>*The key to the cabinets were rusty</i>), has been influential in motivating models of memory access during language comprehension. It is contested, however, whether such effects arise due to a faulty representation of relevant morphosyntactic features, or as a result of memory retrieval. Existing studies of ...
  • Folkebibliotekets digitale tilbud under koronakrisen – en case studie fra Tromsø bibliotek og byarkiv 

    Skare, Roswitha (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-15)
    The Covid-19 pandemic caused a lockdown of public libraries’ buildings in Norway in March 2020 as was the case in almost every other European country. This article investigates the situation for the public library in Tromsø in the period from 12 March 2020 and towards a gradual reopening of the library building to the public in April the same year. The lockdown of the physical library building led ...
  • Joina du kino imårgå? Ungdomars dialektskriving på sosiale medium 

    Røyneland, Unn; Vangsnes, Øystein A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-22)
    Sosiale medium utfordrar det tradisjonelle skiljet mellom normert og standardisert skriftspråk og inviterer til kreativ og refleksiv språkbruk. For mange norske ungdommar er det vanleg å ta i bruk trekk frå eit breitt språkleg repertoar – inkludert dialekttrekk og andre unormerte trekk – i private samanhengar på sosiale medium. I denne artikkelen presenterer vi data frå fire utvalde stader i ei ...
  • What’s in a Russian Aspectual Prefix? A Cognitive Linguistics Approach to Prefix Meanings 

    Nesset, Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    This article analyzes Russian aspectual prefixes from the perspective of cognitive linguistics. First, a general schema is advanced that involves a trajector, a landmark, and a relation connecting the two. Second, it is argued that there are con- ditions on the trajector involving an observer and a domain of accessibility and that the trajector of the prefix is not necessarily the same as the trajector ...
  • Verb placement in embedded sentences in Faroese 

    Westendorp, Maud (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-25)
    In this article, I present data from the Nordic Word order Database (NWD) on word order in Faroese embedded clauses. I discuss the methods used in the data elicitation, data analysis, and present a first overview of the patterns in the dataset. The NWD contains a total of 4,752 embedded clauses elicited from 33 native Faroese speakers, focussing on embedded <i>wh</i>-questions, and the placement of ...
  • Variation across individuals and domains in Norwegian heritage language 

    Lundquist, Bjørn; Anderssen, Merete; Lohndal, Terje; Westergaard, Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-22)
    This paper investigates spontaneous production from 50 speakers of Norwegian heritage language in the Corpus of American Nordic Speech and studies the interplay between four linguistic properties: possessives and double definiteness, verb second word order, grammatical gender, and the amount of language mixing. It is shown that speakers cluster in the sense that some speakers produce more Norwegian-like ...
  • Una nota sobre los adjetivos de preferencia 

    Fábregas, Antonio (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-24)
    Los adjetivos de preferencia (<i>favorito, preferido, predilecto</i>) tienen propiedades gramaticales que los diferencian de otras clases de adjetivos, asimilables o no a los superlativos. Este trabajo propone un análisis de su comportamiento que se basa en la idea de que, frente a otros adjetivos, estos elementos encabezan estructuras léxicas relacionales donde ellos son el núcleo de la estructura, ...
  • Are similar control processes implemented during single and dual language production? Evidence from switching between speech registers and languages 

    Declerck, Mathieu; Ivanova, Iva; Grainger, Jonathan; Dunabeitia Landaburu, Jon Andoni (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-31)
    To investigate whether similar control processes are used during single and dual language production, we compared register switching (formal and informal speech in the same language) vs. language switching (French and English). The results across two experiments showed a positive correlation of overall register- and language-switch costs and similar formal French switch costs across the two switching ...
  • Event Related Potentials at Initial Exposure in Third Language Acquisition: Implications from an Artificial Mini-Grammar Study. 

    Gonzáles Alonso, Jorge; Alemán Bañón, José; DeLuca, Vincent; Miller, David; Soares, Sergio Miguel Pereira; Slaats, Sophie; Rothman, Jason (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-01)
    The present article examines the proposal that typology is a major factor guiding transfer selectivity in L3/L<i>n</i> acquisition. We tested first exposure in L3/L<i>n</i> using two artificial languages (ALs) lexically based in English and Spanish, focusing on gender agreement between determiners and nouns, and between nouns and adjectives. 50 L1 Spanish-L2 English speakers took part in the experiment. ...
  • The acquisition of English articles among L1 Dagbani L2 English learners 

    Kwame, Abukari; Westergaard, Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-10)
    This study investigates the acquisition of articles in L2 English by L1 speakers of Dagbani, a Gur language spoken in Ghana. Dagbani differs from English in that it has two definite articles, no indefinite article, and a zero-article which may express definiteness, indefiniteness as well as genericity. The study consisted of a Forced-choice task (FCT) and an Acceptability judgement task (AJT) which ...

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