Now showing items 1-20 of 357

    • Mass concentration of Hirnantian cephalopods from the Siljan District, Sweden; taxonomy, palaeoecology and palaeobiogeographic relationships 

      Kröger, Björn; Ebbestad, Jan Ove R.; Högström, Anette; Frisk, Åsa M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-02-01)
      The Hirnantian Glisstjärn Formation (Normalograptus persculptus graptolite Biozone) is a succession of limestones and shales onlapping the Katian Boda Limestone in the Siljan District, Sweden. It contains a conspicuous, up to several decimeter thick bed densely packed with bipolarly oriented, orthoconic cephalopod conchs that can reach lengths of more than 120 cm. Conch fragmentation, bioereosion ...
    • Sangundervisning som dialogisk praksis 

      Sundbø, Marthe Kirsten (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-12)
      Bakgrunnen for denne oppgaven kommer fra en interesse for dialogfilosofi, og en interesse for sangfaget som en dialogisk praksis. Hensikten med oppgaven er å gå i dybden på det dialogiske ved sangundervisningen. Gjennom åpne intervjuer med tre ulike sangpedagoger, gis det et innblikk i ulike erfaringer med og perspektiver på sangundervisning som dialogisk praksis. Det teoretiske rammeverket for ...
    • Exploring Production and use of soapstone in Norway: Towards an interdisciplinary approach? 

      Bunse, Laura (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-15)
      In recent years, soapstone research has developed into a multidisciplinary field encompassing a broad range of topics and methodological approaches. Interdisciplinary research now attracts more interest and has contributed significantly to the identification of quarries and understanding of the distribution and use of soapstone. Most collaborative projects have related to certain geographic or ...
    • The Slottsmøya marine reptile Lagerstätte: depositional environments, taphonomy and diagenesis 

      Delsett, Lene Liebe; Novis, Linn Kristin; Roberts, Aubrey Jane; Koevoets, Maayke Jacqueline; Hammer, Øyvind; Druckenmiller, Patrick Scott; Hurum, Jørn Harald (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-12-16)
      The Late Jurassic Slottsmøya Member Lagersta¨tte on Spitsbergen offers a unique opportunity to study the relationships between vertebrate fossil preservation, invertebrate occurrences and depositional environment. In this study, 21 plesiosaurian and 17 ichthyosaur specimens are described with respect to articulation, landing mode, preservation, and possible predation and scavenging. The stratigraphic ...
    • When Older Males Sire More Ofspring—Increased Attractiveness or Higher Fertility? 

      Lifjeld, Jan Terje; Kleven, Oddmund; Fossøy, Frode; Jacobsen, Frode F.; Laskemoen, Terje; Rudolfsen, Geir; Robertson, Raleigh J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-23)
      In birds with extrapair mating, older males usually have higher fertilization success than younger males. Two hypotheses can potentially explain this pattern: 1) females prefer older, and often more ornamented males, or 2) older males invest more in reproduction and fertility than younger males. Here we studied factors associated with age-related male fertilization success in a population of barn ...
    • Barrmaelia pseudobombarda (Ascomycota), a rare European species with a peculiar disjunct distribution 

      Mathiassen, Geir Harald; Granmo, Alfred; Rämä, Teppo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-01)
      Lophium elegans (Mytilinidiales, Mytilinidiaceae) is recorded for the first time in northern Europe. It was found on Juniperus communis in two locations in Finnmark County, Norway, which represent the northernmost finds for the species. A morphological description of the species is given and its ecology and distribution discussed.
    • New and little known species of Lepechinella (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Lepechinellidae) and an allied new genus Lepesubchela from the North Atlantic 

      Johansen, Per-Otto; Vader, Wim (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-29)
      New species of Lepechinella, L. norvegica sp. nov. and L. victoriae sp. nov., from the North East Atlantic are described together with the new, closely related genus and species Lepesubchela christinae gen. et sp. nov. Lepechinella arctica Schellenberg, 1926 from north of Spitsbergen and Lepechinella schellenbergi Stephensen, 1944 from Greenland are redescribed. A key to the species of Atlantic ...
    • "Kle av serken og dans spille naken". Betydninga av kjønn i tradisjonsmusikken. 

      Graff, Ola (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-07)
      This article attempts to investigate how Norwegian traditional music is gendered. There have been few such investigations in the past. Some songs are work songs and function as a tool to lighten the work itself. Each song is created for either men's work, or women's. Other songs describe the actual conditions for men or women. There exist, for example, some songs which illustrate how women had to ...
    • Psoroma nigropunctatum sp. nov., an alpine lichen in south-eastern Australia related to P. buchananii 

      Elvebakk, Arve; Elix, J.A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07)
      <i>Psoroma nigropunctatum</i> is described as new to science, based on collections from alpine and subalpine areas of the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria and New South Wales. It grows on soil or mosses on rock outcrops and in tussock grasslands. It had previously been misidentified as <i>Psoroma hypnorum</i>, but it is more closely related to <i>P. buchananii</i>. The two species have large ...
    • Psoroma inflatum, a new alpine lichen from New Zealand 

      Elvebakk, Arve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07)
      <i>Psoroma inflatum</i> sp. nov. is described from mountains in Canterbury and Otago in New Zealand’s South Island. It is related to <i>P. hypnorum</i>, but differs in having a strongly inflated and glossy thallus. The squamules are prostrate, ascending or erect, and form brown, coarsely coralloid patches. They lack a dorsiventral morphology and anatomy, in contrast to other Psoroma species, except ...
    • Den samiske bjørnekultuen - arkeologiske spor til samisk historie og religion. 

      Sommerseth, Ingrid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      This paper aims to present an ongoing research project about the Sámi bear graves in Norway. The paper focuses on bear graves related to burial customs and rituals associated with cavities. It also addresses the fact that, as can be seen from the many Rock carvings, dated from 8000–2000 BCE, the bear was often portrayed as a vital and significant animal to people in prehistoric times. The background ...
    • Million-year-old DNA sheds light on the genomic history of mammoths 

      van der Valk, Tom; Pečnerová, Patrícia; Díez-del-Molino, David; Bergström, Anders; Oppenheimer, Jonas; Hartmann, Stefanie; Xenikoudakis, Georgios; Thomas, Jessica A.; Dehasque, Marianne; Sağlıcan, Ekin; Rabia Fidan, Fatma; Barnes, Ian; Liu, Shanlin; Somel, Mehmet; Heintzman, Peter D.; Nikolskiy, Pavel; Shapiro, Beth; Skoglund, Pontus; Hofreiter, Michael; Lister, Adrian M.; Götherström, Anders; Dalén, Love (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-17)
      Temporal genomic data hold great potential for studying evolutionary processes such as speciation. However, sampling across speciation events would, in many cases, require genomic time series that stretch well back into the Early Pleistocene subepoch. Although theoretical models suggest that DNA should survive on this timescale1, the oldest genomic data recovered so far are from a horse specimen ...
    • Ancient horse genomes reveal the timing and extent of dispersals across the Bering Land Bridge 

      Vershinina, Alisa; Heintzman, Peter D.; Froese, Duane G.; Zazula, Grant D.; Cassatt-Johnstone, Molly; Dalén, Love; Der Sarkissian, Clio; Dunn, Shelby G.; Ermini, Luca; Gamba, Cristina; Groves, Pamela; Kapp, Joshua D.; Mann, Daniel H.; Seguin-Orlando, Andaine; Southon, John R.; Stiller, Mathias; Wooller, Matthew J.; Baryshnikov, Gennady; Gimranov, Dmitry; Scott, Eric; Hall, Elizabeth; Hewitson, Susan; Kirillova, Irina V.; Kosintsev, Pavel; Shidlovsky, Fedor; Tong, Hao-Wen; Tiunov, Mikhail P.; Vartanyan, Sergey; Orlando, Ludovic; Corbett-Detig, Russell B.; MacPhee, Ross D. E.; Shapiro, Beth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-10)
      The Bering Land Bridge (BLB) last connected Eurasia and North America during the Late Pleistocene. Although the BLB would have enabled transfers of terrestrial biota in both directions, it also acted as an ecological filter whose permeability varied considerably over time. Here we explore the possible impacts of this ecological corridor on genetic diversity within, and connectivity among, populations ...
    • Comprehensive coverage of human last meal components revealed by a forensic DNA metabarcoding approach 

      Schneider, Judith; Mas-Carrió, Eduard; Jan, Catherine; Miquel, Christian; Taberlet, Pierre Robert Michel; Michaud, Katarzyna; Fumagalli, Luca (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-23)
      Stomach content analyses are a valuable tool in human forensic science to interpret perimortem events. While the identifcation of food components of plant and animal origin has traditionally been conducted by macro- and microscopical approaches in case of incomplete digestion, molecular methods provide the potential to increase sensitivity and taxonomic resolution. In particular, DNA metabarcoding ...
    • sPlotOpen – An environmentally-balanced, open-access, global dataset of vegetation plots 

      Sabatini, Francesco Maria; Lenoir, Jonathan; Hattab, Tarek; Arnst, Elise Aimee; Chytrý, Milan; Dengler, Jürgen; De Ruffray, Patrice; Hennekens, Stephan M.; Jandt, Ute; Jansen, Florian; Kattge, Jens; Levesley, Aurora; Pillar, Valério D.; Purschke, Oliver; Sandel, Brody; Sultana, Fahmida; Aavik, Tsipe; Aćić, Svetlana; Agrillo, Emiliano; Álvarez, Miguel; Apostolova, Iva; Khan, Mohammed A. S. Arfin; Arroyo, Luzmila; Attorre, Fabio; Aubin, Isabelle; Banerjee, Arindam; Bergeron, Yves; Bergmeier, Erwin; Biurrun, Idoia; Björkman, Anne D.; Bonari, Gianmaria; Bondareva, Viktoria; Brunet, Jörg; Čarni, Andraž; Casella, Laura; Cayuela, Luis; Cerny, Tomas; Chepinoga, Victor; Csiky, János; Ćušterevska, Renata; De Bie, Els; De Gasper, André Luis; De Sanctis, Michele; Dimopoulos, Panayotis; Dolezal, Jiri; Dziuba, Tetiana; El-Sheikh, Mohamed Abd El-Rouf Mousa; Enquist, Brian; Ewald, Jörg; Fazayeli, Farideh; Field, Richard; Finckh, Manfred; Gachet, Sophie; Galán-De-Mera, Antonio; Garbolino, Emmanuel; Gholizadeh, Hamid; Giorgis, Melisa; Golub, Valentin; Alsos, Inger Greve; Grytnes, John Arvid; Guerin, Gregory Richard; Gutiérrez, Alvaro G.; Haider, Sylvia; Hatim, Mohamed Z.; Herault, Bruno; Mendoza, Guillermo Hinojos; Homeier, Jürgen; Kącki, Zygmunt; Karger, Dirk Nikolaus; Kavgaci, Ali; Kearsley, Elizabeth; Bruelheide, Helge; Hölzel, Norbert; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja; Bauters, Marjin; Indreica, Adrian; Hubau, Wannes; Janssen, John A.M.; Jedrzejek, Birgit; Jentsch, Anke; Jürgens, Norbert; Kapfer, Jutta; Kavgaci, Ali; Kessler, Michael; Khanina, Larisa; Killeen, Timothy; Landucci, Flavia; Lengyel, Attila; Lens, Frederic; Lingner, Débora Vanessa; Liu, Hongyan; Lysenko, Tatiana; Mahecha, Miguel D.; Marcenò, Corrado; Martynenko, Vasiliy; Moeslund, Jesper Erenskjold; Mendoza, Abel Monteagudo; Mucina, Ladislav; Müller, Jonas V.; Munzinger, Jérôme; Naqinezhad, Alireza; Noroozi, Jalil; Nowak, Arkadiusz; Onyshchenko, Viktor; Overbeck, Gerhard E.; Pärtel, Meelis; Pauchard, Aníbal; Peet, Robert K; Peñuelas, Josep; Pèrez-Haase, Aaron; Peterka, Tomáš; Petřík, Petr; Peyre, Gwendolyn; Phillips, Oliver L.; Prokhorov, Vadim; Rašomavičius, Valerijus; Revermann, Rasmus; Rivas-Torres, Gonzalo; Rodwell, John S.; Ruprecht, Eszter; Rūsiņa, Solvita; Samimi, Cyrus; Schmidt, Marco; Schrodt, Franziska; Shan, Hanhuai; Shirokikh, Pavel; Šibík, Jozef; Šilc, Urban; Sklenář, Petr; Škvorc, Željko; Sparrow, Ben; Sperandii, Marta Gaia; Stančić, Zvjezdana; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Tang, Zhiyao; Tang, Cindy Q.; Tsiripidis, Ioannis; Vanselow, Kim André; Martínez, Rodolfo Vásquez; Vassilev, Kiril; Vélez-Martin, Eduardo; Venanzoni, Roberto; Vibrans, Alexander Christian; Violle, Cyrille; Virtanen, Risto; von Wehrden, Henrik; Wagner, Viktoria; Walker, Donald A.; Waller, Donald M.; Wang, Hua-Feng; Wesche, Karsten; Whitfeld, Timothy J. S.; Willner, Wolfgang; Wiser, Susan K.; Wohlgemuth, Thomas; Yamalov, Sergey; Zobel, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-21)
      Motivation: Assessing biodiversity status and trends in plant communities is critical for understanding, quantifying and predicting the effects of global change on ecosystems. Vegetation plots record the occurrence or abundance of all plant species co-occurring within delimited local areas. This allows species absences to be inferred, information seldom provided by existing global plant datasets. ...
    • Small shrubs with large importance? Smaller deer may increase the moose-forestry conflict through feeding competition over Vaccinium shrubs in the field layer 

      Spitzer, Robert; Coissac, Eric; Felton, Annika M.; Fohringer, Christian; Juvany, Laura; Landman, Marietjie; Singh, Navinder J.; Taberlet, Pierre Robert Michel; Widemo, Fredrik; Cromsigt, Joris P. G. M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-18)
      The moose (Alces alces) is a dominant large mammalian herbivore in the world’s boreal zones. Moose exert significant browsing impacts on forest vegetation and are therefore often at the centre of wildlife-forestry conflicts. Consequently, understanding the drivers of their foraging behaviour is crucial for mitigating such conflicts. Management of moose in large parts of its range currently largely ...
    • Volume estimation of soil stored in agricultural terrace systems: a geomorphometric approach 

      Cucchiaro, Sara; Paliaga, G; Fallu, Daniel; Pears, Ben; Walsh, Kevin; Zhao, P; Van Oost, Kristof; Snape, Lisa; Lang, Andreas; Brown, Antony; Tarolli, Paolo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-06)
      High-resolution topographic (HRT) techniques allow the mapping and characterization of geomorphological features with wide-ranging perspectives at multiple scales. We can exploit geomorphometric information in the study of the most extensive and common landforms that humans have ever produced: agricultural terraces. We can only develop an understanding of these historical landform through in-depth ...
    • Gibbosporina cyanea (Pannariaceae), a new bipartite cyanolichen from Sri Lanka with comparisons to related palaeotropical cyanogenera. 

      Elvebakk, Arve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-30)
      Gibbosporina cyanea is described here as new to science, based on its holotype collected in Sri Lanka in the 1860s. The species is a bipartite cyanolichen in contrast to all other known Gibbosporina species, which are tripartites. The species appears to have evolved through cephalodia emancipation followed by divergence. Phyllidia indicate a cephalodiate evolutionary origin with a continued function ...
    • Assessing environmental DNA metabarcoding and camera trap surveys as complementary tools for biomonitoring of remote desert water bodies 

      Mas-Carrió, Eduard; Schneider, Judith; Nasanbat, Battogtokh; Ravchig, Samiya; Buxton, Mmabaledi; Nyamukondiwa, Casper; Stoffel, Céline; Augugliaro, Claudio; Ceacero, Francisco; Taberlet, Pierre Robert Michel; Glaizot, Olivier; Christe, Philippe; Fumagalli, Luca (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-29)
      Biodiversity assessments are indispensable tools for planning and monitoring conservation strategies. Camera traps (CT) are widely used to monitor wildlife and have proven their usefulness. Environmental DNA (eDNA)-based approaches are increasingly implemented for biomonitoring, combining sensitivity, high taxonomic coverage and resolution, non-invasiveness and easiness of sampling, but remain ...