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  • Psoroma femsjonense (Fr.) Trevis., a misunderstood species possibly extinct from Europe 

    Elvebakk, Arve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Psoroma femsjonense, long considered to be a synonym of P. hypnorum, is shown here to represent a distinct, misunderstood species. The collections seen are from the lowlands of southern Sweden, Denmark, Germany, the Czech Republic, and France. In these areas, the species has not been collected since 1945 and may prove to be regionally extinct from these countries. However, a report indicates that ...
  • Pannaria microphyllizans (Nyl.) P.M.Jørg. from New Zealand restudied and compared with P. athroophylla (Stirt.) Elvebakk & D.J.Galloway and the three new species Pannaria cassa, P. kantvilasii and P. wrightiorum 

    Elvebakk, Arve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07)
    Pannaria microphyllizans, a previously misunderstood species, is shown here to have gibbose perispores with long-tailed apical extensions, and to lack TLC-detectable chemistry. It is related to P. athroophylla, a species with different phyllidia, a chemistry of isovicanicin and leprolomin, and spores of the same type but differing in several details. The latter has been too widely interpreted in ...
  • Pannaria crispella comb. nov. and P. campbelliana Hue, two overlooked lichens from New Zealand 

    Elvebakk, Arve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01)
    Psoroma sphinctrinum var. crispellum has been considered a synonym of Pannaria implexa, but it is a distinct species, recombined here as P. crispella. It forms a thin, filmy thallus on tree trunks, and consists of rounded, confluent squamules surrounded by a distinct black prothallus. The apothecia are initially simple with a well-defined central thalline plug. However, the plug soon expands into ...
  • On Crits and Games—and Crits as Games 

    Kim, Jeuno JE; Storihle, Sille (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    A conversation between artist and educator Sille Storihle and the Krabstadt Education Center (KEC) about overlapping interests in educational models and games. Issues discussed are the role of games in education, experiences with the format of the group crit, and the question whether it is still a solid component of arts education or how it could be deployed differently. Storihle shares their work ...
  • Innledning til temanummer om vindkraft og reindrift 

    Brattland, Camilla; Hausner, Vera Helene (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Formålet med denne artikkelsamlingen er å belyse viktige dimensjoner ved økt press på reindriftsarealer som følge av et grønt skifte, og noen av konsekvensene dette har for reindrifta og for samisk kultur. Det handler særlig om vindkraft på land, som skapte store bølger og folkebevegelser i forbindelse med utarbeidelse av en ny politikk for tildeling av konsesjoner for vindkraft. Med dette som ...
  • Lateglacial and Early Holocene palaeoenvironmental change and human activity at Killerby Quarry, North Yorkshire, UK 

    Hudson, Samuel M; Waddington, Clive; Pears, Ben; Ellis, Natalie; Parker, Luke; Hamilton, Derek; Alsos, Inger Greve; Hughes, Paul; Brown, Antony (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-05)
    The hunter-gatherers that entered the British peninsula after ice-retreat were exploiting a dynamic, rapidly changing environment. Records of vegetation change and human occupation during the Lateglacial to Early Holocene in northern Britain are more commonly found at upland and cave sites. However, recent research highlights many areas of the Swale–Ure Washlands that preserve extensive environmental ...
  • Measuring the effects of the social rural university campus 

    Benneworth, Paul; Maxwell, Kate; Charles, David (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-25)
    There has been demand in many countries for the establishment of small campuses in more rural locations to spread the benefits of higher education both through the provision of university courses and through the positive economic spill-overs for these communities. Evaluations of the impacts of these universities according to current models show limited effects due to their small scale and specialization. ...
  • Plant biodiversity assessment through soil eDNA reflects temporal and local diversity 

    Ariza Salazar, Maria; Fouks, Bertrand; Mauvisseau, Quentin; Halvorsen, Rune; Alsos, Inger Greve; de Boer, Hugo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-12)
    1. Several studies have shown the potential of eDNA-based proxies for plant identification, but little is known about their spatial and temporal resolution. This limits its use for plant biodiversity assessments and monitoring of vegetation responses to environmental changes. Here we calibrate the temporal and spatial plant signals detected with soil eDNA surveys by comparing with a standard visual ...
  • Museumsaktivisme for hestevelferd. Om kunnskapsforbindelser mellom Weary Willie på sydpolekspedisjon i 1911 og Saint Boy i De olympiske leder i 2021 

    Maurstad, Anita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-08)
    The article argues that we legitimise the use of nature through cultural nature rationales. We adapt our understanding of nature to how we want to use it in a cultural sense. The material for the discussion is equine husbandry, using a past and contemporary perspective. The treatment of the horses that Robert Falcon Scott brought with him on his south pole expedition in 1910–1912, and the treatment ...
  • Petter Dass: "Du skal ikke slå i hjel" - En folkemelodi med livskraft gjennom flere århundrer. 

    Graff, Ola (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    In this article I will analyse the variants of the melody used for the song Petter Dass wrote around 1690 about the 5th commandment. There exist about 100 variants of this melody in different archives in Norway, but not in Sweden or Denmark. It is possible to follow the melody in oral tradition through the 19th and 18th centuries. We don’t know if the melody dates back to Petter Dass himself, ...
  • MicroRNAs are deeply linked to the emergence of the complex octopus brain 

    Zolotarov, Grygoriy; Fromm, Bastian; Legnini, Ivano; Ayoub, Salah; Polese, Gianluca; Maselli, Valeria; Chabot, Peter J.; Vinther, Jakob; Styfhals, Ruth; Seuntjens, Eve; Di Cosmo, Anna; Peterson, Kevin J.; Rajewsky, Nikolaus (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-25)
    Soft-bodied cephalopods such as octopuses are exceptionally intelligent invertebrates with a highly complex nervous system that evolved independently from vertebrates. Because of elevated RNA editing in their nervous tissues, we hypothesized that RNA regulation may play a major role in the cognitive success of this group. We thus profiled messenger RNAs and small RNAs in three cephalopod species ...
  • A Rarely Seen Taxonomic Revision with Immense Value for 41 Years and Counting: Reflections on the 1981 Monograph of Trichonta Winnertz, 1864 (Diptera: Mycetophilidae) by Raymond Gagné, with an Integrative Revision of the Trichonta Vulcani (Dziedzicki, 1889) Species Complex. 

    Kjærandsen, Jostein; Jakovlev, Jevgeni; Polevoi, Alexei; Salmela, Jukka; Kurina, Olavi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-08)
    We celebrate Raymond J. Gagné for his contributions to taxonomy of the Mycetophilidae (Diptera), specifically for his forty-one-years-old monograph of Holarctic Trichonta Winnertz, 1864 that is still the primary source used for species identification in the genus. We briefly reflect on his monograph´s impact and demonstrate by use of recent DNA barcode data extracted from BOLD Systems (BOLD) ...
  • Rocetelion humerale (Zetterstedt, 1850) (Diptera, Keroplatidae) rediscovered in Norway after more than 100 years, with description of the larva and its habitat. 

    Kjærandsen, Jostein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    The large and conspicuous keroplatid species Rocetelion humerale (Zetterstedt, 1850) was previously documented with a single record from Norway only, a more than one hundred-year-old record of a male from Erfjord in Rogaland County, published in 1914, for which the voucher specimen has been searched for in vain in museum collections. In the summer of 2020, a new record of an adult male was ...
  • Disaster, traces of displacement, and mizuaoi seeds 

    Ragazzi, Rossella (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-13)
    Curated by socio-cultural anthropologist Fuyubi Nakamura, the exhibition entitled A Future for Memory: Art and Life after the Great Japan Earthquake at the Museum of Anthropology at UBC in British Columbia addresses the sociocultural role of art produced in situ in the aftermath of the triple disaster which occurred in the Tōhoku region of northeast Japan in 2011. The exhibition’s curatorial project ...
  • High resolution ancient sedimentary DNA shows that alpine plant diversity is associated with human land use and climate change 

    Garces Pastor, Sandra; Alsos, Inger Greve; Coissac, Eric; Lavergne, Sébastien; Schwörer, Christoph; Theurillat, Jean-Paul; Heintzman, Peter D.; Wangensteen, Owen S.; Tinner, Willy; Rey, Fabian; Heer, Martina; Rutzer, Astrid; Walsh, Kevin; Lammers, Youri; Brown, Antony G.; Goslar, Tomasz; Rijal, Dilli P.; Karger, Dirk N.; Pellissier, Loïc; Heiri, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-04)
    The European Alps are highly rich in species, but their future may be threatened by ongoing changes in human land use and climate. Here, we reconstructed vegetation, temperature, human impact and livestock over the past ~12,000 years from Lake Sulsseewli, based on sedimentary ancient plant and mammal DNA, pollen, spores, chironomids, and microcharcoal. We assembled a highly-complete local DNA ...
  • A 2-million-year-old ecosystem in Greenland uncovered by environmental DNA 

    Kjær, Kurt H.; Winther Pedersen, Mikkel; De Sanctis, Bianca; De Cahsan, Binia; Korneliussen, Thorfinn S.; Michelsen, Christian S.; Sand, Karina K.; Jelavić, Stanislav; Ruter, Anthony H.; Schmidt, Astrid M. A.; Kjeldsen, Kristian K.; Tesakov, Alexey S.; Snowball, Ian; Gosse, John C.; Alsos, Inger Greve; Wang, Yucheng; Dockter, Christoph; Rasmussen, Magnus; Jørgensen, Morten E.; Skadhauge, Birgitte; Prohaska, Ana; Kristensen, Jeppe Å.; Bjerager, Morten; Allentoft, Morten E.; Coissac, Eric; Rouillard, Alexandra; Simakova, Alexandra; Fernandez-Guerra, Antonio; Bowler, Chris; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Vinner, Lasse; Welch, John J.; Hidy, Alan J.; Sikora, Martin; Collins, Matthew J.; Durbin, Richard; Larsen, Nicolaj K.; Willerslev, Eske (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-07)
    Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene epochs 3.6 to 0.8 million years ago had climates resembling those forecasted under future warming. Palaeoclimatic records show strong polar amplification with mean annual temperatures of 11–19 °C above contemporary values. The biological communities inhabiting the Arctic during this time remain poorly known because fossils are rare. Here we report an ancient ...
  • A 2-million-year-old ecosystem in Greenland uncovered by environmental DNA 

    Kjær, Kurt; Alsos, Inger Greve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-07)
    Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene epochs 3.6 to 0.8 million years ago1 had climates resembling those forecasted under future warming2. Palaeoclimatic records show strong polar amplification with mean annual temperatures of 11–19 °C above contemporary values3,4. The biological communities inhabiting the Arctic during this time remain poorly known because fossils are rare5. Here we report an ancient ...
  • Changes in Onset of Vegetation Growth on Svalbard, 2000–2020 

    Karlsen, Stein Rune; Elvebakk, Arve; Tømmervik, Hans; Belda, Santiago; Stendardi, Laura (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-15)
    The global temperature is increasing, and this is affecting the vegetation phenology in many parts of the world. The most prominent changes occur at northern latitudes such as our study area, which is Svalbard, located between 76300N and 80500N. A cloud-free time series of MODIS-NDVI data was processed. The dataset was interpolated to daily data during the 2000–2020 period with a 231.65 m pixel ...
  • Pollen, macrofossils and sedaDNA reveal climate and land use impacts on Holocene mountain vegetation of the Lepontine Alps, Italy 

    van Vugt, Lieveke; Garces Pastor, Sandra; Gobet, Erika; Brechbühl, Sarah; Knetge, Antonietta; Lammers, Youri; Stengele, Katja; Alsos, Inger Greve; Tinner, Willy; Schwörer, Christoph (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-10)
    Both climate change and anthropogenic disturbance affect vegetation composition, but it is difficult to separate these drivers of vegetation change from one another. A better understanding of past vegetation dynamics is necessary to disentangle the influence of different forcing factors and assess future vegetation change. Here we present the first multi-proxy palaeoecological study combining ...
  • New integrated molecular approaches for investigating lake settlements in north-western Europe 

    Brown, Antony; Fonville, Thierry; Van Hardenbroek, Maarten; Cavers, Graeme; Crone, Anne; Mccormick, Finbar; Murray, Emily; Mackay, Helen; Whitehouse, Nicki J.; Henderson, Andrew C.G.; Barratt, Phil; Davies, Kim; Head, Katie; Langdon, Peter; Alsos, Inger Greve; Pirrie, Duncan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-28)
    Lake settlements, particularly crannogs, pose several contradictions—visible yet inaccessible, widespread yet geographically restricted, persistent yet vulnerable. To further our understanding, we developed the integrated use of palaeolimnological (scanning XRF, pollen, spores, diatoms, chironomids, Cladocera, microcharcoal, biogenic silica, SEM-EDS, stable-isotopes) and biomolecular (faecal stanols, ...

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