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  • Narratives of Sámi School History in Finland: The Histories of Assimilation Made Visible 

    Nyyssönen, Jukka (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    This article analyses narratives that have been produced about the Sámi school experience in Finland. The sources consist of studies in Sámi school history and history of education in Finland, as well as in pedagogical studies made since the 1980s, comparing the narratives found in each case. The narrative of assimilation dominates the field for good, historically verifiable reasons. This genre of ...
  • Sámi natural resource exploitation in a markebygd and its significance today? 

    Storm, Dikka (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 1993)
    <i>Introduction</i>: In my investigation (Storm 1990) of the markebygd of Rásmirvuovdi/Gressmyrskogen on the island of Sážžá/Senja in the province of Romssa/Troms, I have reconstructed the settlement process from 1700 to 1900 AD. The focus was on the practice of Sámi resource exploitation – which resources and resource areas were used, and how the land was exploited – and what kind of Sámi settlements ...
  • Prevailing weather conditions and diet composition affect chick growth and survival in the black-legged kittiwake 

    Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; May, Roel F.; Barrett, Robert T.; Langset, Magdalene; Sandercock, Brett K.; Lorentsen, Svein-Håkon (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-04)
    To identify priorities for management of seabirds during the breeding season, it is important to understand the ecological mechanisms driving chick growth and survival. In this study, we examined the effects of diet and prevailing weather on the growth and survival of chicks of black-legged kittiwakes Rissa tridactyla over a 10 yr period at Anda, a seabird colony in northern Norway. We show that ...
  • To tufter i Abelsborg. Utgravning av to tidlig metalltidstufter 

    Oppvang, Janne (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2018-03-08)
    Sommeren 2016 ble det undersøkt to tufter ved Abelsborg i Nesseby k. Tuft 1 var en kraftig forstyrret tuft, som kan ha hatt en oval form med sentralt plassert rektangulært ildsted. Kun halve ble gravd ut og antatt størrelse er på huset er ca. 6 x 4-5 meter. Blant funna var det asbestke-ramikk, emner til, og deler av skiferredskaper, slipestein, knakkestein og fiskesøkke. Dateringene spente ...
  • Nordvegen på Hillesøy - Utgravning av båtgrav fra yngre jernalder 

    Niemi, Anja Roth (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2018-03-01)
    Sommeren 2017 ble det funnet bein etter menneske spredt på en påbegynt vegtrasé ovenfor Nordvegen på Hillesøy på sørvest-sida av Kvaløya utenfor Tromsø. Den arkeologiske undersøkelsen viste at beina stammer fra en båtgrav fra yngre jernalder. Litt over halve båten var fortsatt bevart, mens resten var ødelagt av anleggsarbeidet. I den bevarte delen lå fortsatt bekken og underkropp på plass. Båten var ...
  • Nyelv Nedre Vest. Utgravning av hustufter og boplass fra yngre steinalder 

    Niemi, Anja Roth; Oppvang, Janne (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2018-01-09)
    Prosjektet ble iverksatt som konsekvens av reguleringsplan for bygging av ny bru over Nyelv og utbedring av tilstøtende deler av E6. På Gressbakken Nedre Øst lå det berørte området rett ved eksisterende vegskjæring, hvor mye av opprinnelig terreng allerede var fjernet i forbindelse med tidligere vegbygging. Det ble foretatt en mindre undersøkelse her, uten at det framkom funn eller andre indikasjoner ...
  • Global phenological insensitivity to shifting ocean temperatures among seabirds 

    Keogan, Katharine; Daunt, Francis; Wanless, Sarah; Phillips, Richard A.; Walling, Craig A.; Agnew, Philippa; Ainley, David G.; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Ballard, Grant; Barrett, Robert T; Barton, Kerry J.; Bech, Claus; Becker, Peter; Berglund, Per-Arvid; Bollache, Loïc; Bond, Alexander L.; Bouwhuis, Sandra; Bradley, Russell W.; Burr, Zofia; Camphuysen, Kees; Catry, Paulo; Chiaradia, Andre; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Cuthbert, Richard; Dehnhard, Nina; Descamps, Sébastien; Diamond, Tony; Divoky, George; Drummond, Hugh; Dugger, Katie M.; Dunn, Michael J.; Emmerson, Louise; Erikstad, Kjell Einar; Fort, Jérôme; Fraser, William; Genovart, Meritxell; Gilg, Olivier; González-Solís, Jacob; Granadeiro, José Pedro; Grémillet, David; Hansen, Jannik; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Harris, Mike; Hedd, April; Hinke, Jefferson; Igual, José Manuel; Jahncke, Jaime; Jones, Ian; Kappes, Peter J.; Lang, Johannes; Langset, Magdalene; Lescroël, Amélie; Lorentsen, Svein-Håkon; Lyver, Phil O’B.; Mallory, Mark; Moe, Børge; Montevecchi, William A.; Monticelli, David; Mostello, Carolyn; Newell, Mark; Nicholson, Lisa; Nisbet, Ian; Olsson, Olof; Oro, Daniel; Pattison, Vivian; Poisbleau, Maud; Pyk, Tanya; Quintana, Flavio; Ramos, Jaime A.; Ramos, Raül; Reiertsen, Tone Kirstin; Rodríguez, Cristina; Ryan, Peter; Sanz-Aguilar, Ana; Schmidt, Niels M.; Shannon, Paula; Sittler, Benoit; Southwell, Colin; Surman, Christopher; Svagelj, Walter S.; Trivelpiece, Wayne; Warzybok, Pete; Watanuki, Yutaka; Weimerskirch, Henri; Wilson, Peter R.; Wood, Andrew G.; Philimore, Albert B.; Lewis, Sue (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-02)
    Reproductive timing in many taxa plays a key role in determining breeding productivity, and is often sensitive to climatic conditions. Current climate change may alter the timing of breeding at different rates across trophic levels, potentially resulting in temporal mismatch between the resource requirements of predators and their prey. This is of particular concern for higher-trophic-level organisms, ...
  • Amphipod family distributions around Iceland 

    Brix, Saskia; Lörz, Anne-Nina; Jazdzewska, Anna M.; Hughes, Lauren E.; Tandberg, Anne Helene S.; Pabis, Krzysztof; Stransky, Bente; Krapp-Schickel, Traudl; Sorbe, Jean-Claude; Hendrycks, Ed; Vader, Wim; Frutos, Inmaculada; Horton, Tammy; Jazdzewski, Krzysztof; Peart, Rachael; Beermann, Jan; Coleman, Charles Oliver; Buhl-Mortensen, Lene; Corbari, Laure; Havermans, Charlotte; Tato, Ramiro; Campean, Anali Jimenez (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    Amphipod crustaceans were collected at all 55 stations sampled with an epibenthic sledge during two IceAGE expeditions (Icelandic marine Animals: Genetics and Ecology) in 2011 and 2013. In total, 34 amphipod families and three superfamilies were recorded in the samples. Distribution maps are presented for each taxon along with a summary of the regional taxonomy for the group. Statistical analyses ...
  • On a new species of Amphilochus from deep and cold Atlanic waters, with a note on the genus Amphilochopsis (Amphipoda, Gammaridea, Amphilochidae) 

    Tandberg, Anne Helene S.; Vader, Wim (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-23)
    <i>Amphilochus manudens</i> and <i>Amphilochopsis hamatus</i> are redescribed based on specimens from the BioIce, Mareano, and IceAGE programmes. Te new species <i>Amphilochus anoculus</i> <b>sp. n.</b> is described based on material from the IceAGE programme and the preceding BioIce programme; it is separated from the closely related <i>Amphilochus manudens</i> by the absence of eyes, a ...
  • Population genomics of Mesolithic Scandinavia: Investigating early postglacial migration routes and high-latitude adaptation 

    Günther, Torsten; Malmström, Helena; Svensson, Emma M.; Omrak, Ayça; Sánchez-Quinto, Frederico; Kılınç, Gülşah M.; Krzewinska, Maja; Eriksson, Gunilla; Fraser, Magdalena; Edlund, Hanna; Munteres, Arielle R.; Coutinho, Alexandra; Simões, Luciana G.; Vicente, Mário; Sjölander, Anders; Sellevold, Berit J.; Jørgensen, Roger; Claes, Peter; Shriver, Mark D.; Valdiosera, Cristina; Netea, Mihai G.; Apel, Jan; Lidén, Kerstin Birgitta; Skar, Birgitte; Storå, Jan; Götherström, Anders; Jakobsson, Mattias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-09)
    Scandinavia was one of the last geographic areas in Europe to become habitable for humans after the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). However, the routes and genetic composition of these postglacial migrants remain unclear. We sequenced the genomes, up to 57× coverage, of seven hunter-gatherers excavated across Scandinavia and dated from 9,500–6,000 years before present (BP). Surprisingly, among the ...
  • Climate fluctuations and differential survival of bridled and non-bridled Common Guillemots Uria aalge 

    Reiertsen, Tone Kristin; Erikstad, Kjell E; Barrett, Robert T; Sandvik, Hanno; Yoccoz, Nigel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012-06-22)
    Climate fluctuations and its effects on ecological processes are evident in most areas worldwide but whether such climatic effects are induced phenotypic plasticity or whether animals adapt to the new environment through micro‐evolutionary processes is poorly known. In this study we have analyzed long‐term data (22 years) on the relationship between climatic fluctuations and the adult survival of ...
  • Is there anybody in there? Entomological evidence from a boat burial at Øksnes in Vesterålen, northern Norway 

    Panagiotakopulu, Eva; Buckland, Paul C.; Wickler, Stephen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-27)
    Although there are several well preserved Viking boat burials from Norway, until recently palaeoecological research on their context has often been limited. Research on fossil insect remains in particular can provide valuable forensic information even in the absence of an actual body. Here we present archaeoentomological information from a boat burial at Øksnes in Vesterålen, northeast Norway, an ...
  • A genetic fingerprint of Amphipoda from Icelandic waters – the baseline for further biodiversity and biogeography studies 

    Jażdżewska, Anna M.; Corbari, Laure; Driskell, Amy; Frutos, Inmaculada; Havermans, Charlotte; Hendrycks, Ed; Hughes, Lauren E.; Lörz, Anne-Nina; Stransky, Bente; Tandberg, Anne Helene S.; Vader, Wim; Brix, Saskia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-23)
    Amphipods constitute an abundant part of Icelandic deep-sea zoobenthos yet knowledge of the diversity of this fauna, particularly at the molecular level, is scarce. The present work aims to use molecular methods to investigate genetic variation of the Amphipoda sampled during two IceAGE collecting expeditions. The mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) of 167 individuals originally assigned ...
  • Plant DNA metabarcoding of lake sediments: How does it represent the contemporary vegetation 

    Alsos, Inger Greve; Lammers, Youri; Yoccoz, Nigel Gilles; Jørgensen, Tina; Sjögren, Per; Gielly, Ludovic; Edwards, Mary E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-17)
    Metabarcoding of lake sediments have been shown to reveal current and past biodiversity, but little is known about the degree to which taxa growing in the vegetation are represented in environmental DNA (eDNA) records. We analysed composition of lake and catchment vegetation and vascular plant eDNA at 11 lakes in northern Norway. Out of 489 records of taxa growing within 2 m from the lake shore, ...
  • Shamanism in Contemporary Norway: Concepts in Conflict 

    Fonneland, Trude A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-23)
    To choose a terminology for an investigation of shamanism in contemporary Norway is not entirely without problems. Many shamans are adamant in rejecting the term religion in connection with their practices and choose broader rubrics when describing what they believe in. When shamanism was approved as an official religion by the Norwegian government in 2012, the tensions ran high, and many shamanic ...
  • The Drabo corymbosae-Papaveretea dahliani − a new vegetation class of the High Arctic polar deserts. 

    Daniëls, Fred J. A.; Elvebakk, Arve; Matveyeva, Nadezhda V.; Mucina, Ladislav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-02-22)
    A new class and a new order (Drabo corymbosae-Papaveretea dahliani and Saxifrago oppositifoliae-Papaveretalia dahliani) have been described, and the Papaverion dahliani validated. This is vegetation of zonal habitats in lowlands of the High Arctic subzone A (or Arctic herb, cushion forb or polar desert subzone) and of ecologically equivalent sites at high altitudes on the mountain plateaus of the ...
  • Yoik experiences and possible positive health outcomes: An explorative pilot study 

    Hämäläinen, Soile; Musial, Frauke; Graff, Ola; Olsen, Torjer Andreas; Salamonsen, Anita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-19)
    Background: Yoik is an old vocal music tradition of Sami, the indigenous people inhabiting Northern Fennoscandia and Kola peninsula in Russia. Studies of music therapy (MT) and especially singing have documented improvements in social and overall functioning in people With severe mental disorders and positive effect on depressive symptoms and sleep quality. Possible connections between yoik and ...
  • High-throughput sequencing of African chikanda cake highlights conservation challenges in orchids 

    Veldman, Sarina; Gravendeel, Barbara; Otieno, Joseph; Lammers, Youri; Duijm, Elza; Nieman, Aline; Bytebier, Benny; Ngugi, Grace; Martos, Florent; van Andel, TR; de Boer, Hugo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-01)
    Chikanda is a traditional dish made with wild-harvested ground orchid tubers belonging to three orchidioid genera, Disa, Satyrium and Habenaria, all of which are CITES appendix II-listed. Identification of collected orchid tubers is very difficult and documentation of constituent species in prepared chikanda has hitherto been impossible. Here amplicon metabarcoding was used in samples of six prepared ...
  • Hvor godt er karplantefloraen i Norge kartlagt? 3. Nordland 

    Alm, Torbjørn; Pedersen, Oddvar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
    Nordland is Norway’s second largest county, with an areal extent of 38,482 km 2 . In general, Nordland is reasonably well covered in terms of botanical exploration, with few blank areas. No flora covering the entire area has ever been compiled, but floristic surveys are available from several part areas, ranging in size from single localities to large districts. Still, the absence of a ...
  • Natural selection shaped the rise and fall of passenger pigeon genomic diversity 

    Murray, Gemma G.R.; Soares, André E.R.; Novak, Ben J.; Schaefer, Nathan K.; Cahill, James A.; Baker, Allan J.; Demboski, John R.; Doll, Andrew; Da Fonseca, Rute R.; Fulton, Tara L.; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius; Heintzman, Peter D.; Letts, Brandon; McIntosh, George; O'Connell, Brendan L.; Peck, Mark; Pipes, Marie-Lorraine; Rice, Edward S.; Santos, Kathryn M.; Sohrweide, A. Gregory; Vohr, Samuel H.; Corbett-Detig, Russell B.; Green, Richard E.; Shapiro, Beth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-17)
    The extinct passenger pigeon was once the most abundant bird in North America, and possibly the world. Although theory predicts that large populations will be more genetically diverse, passenger pigeon genetic diversity was surprisingly low. To investigate this disconnect, we analyzed 41 mitochondrial and 4 nuclear genomes from passenger pigeons and 2 genomes from band-tailed pigeons, which are ...

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