Recent additions

  • Bjørnejakt og samisk gravtradisjon. 

    Sommerseth, Ingrid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2020)
    Tradisjonene rundt den eldgammel samiske bjørnejakten er godt dokumentert, både arkeologisk og etnografisk. Brunbjørnen var et fryktet og samtidig hellig dyr for samene. Spor etter bjørnejakten finner vi i form av graver med bjørnebein i huler og urer i den nordnorske naturen. Bjørnen ble hedret for å sikre jaktlykke og for å sikre bjørnens tilbakekomst og rettmessige plass i naturen.
  • Studies on the complex Warnowiaceae (Dinophyceae) I. Lohmann’s Pouchetia parva refound and renamed Nematodinium parvum comb. nov. (= Warnowia parva) 

    Maria, Garcia-Portela; Moestrup, Øjvind; Daugbjerg, Niels; Altenburger, Andreas; Lundholm, Nina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-09-08)
    The dinoflagellate family Warnowiaceae has often been considered to include some of the most complex cells among the protists. The number of described species is around 40, but both the species and generic concepts are in need of revision. Warnowiaceans are often fragile and readily change morphology under the light microscope, and they are usually regarded to be rare. They are particularly famous ...
  • Shotgun-sequencing of plant DNA: Selection og material and methods 

    Merkel, Marie Kristine Føreid; Pitelkova, Iva; Lammers, Youri; Coissac, Eric; Alberti, Adriana; Dossat, Carole; Kirchefer, Andreas; Alsos, Inger Greve (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2017)
    Initially, rbcLaand ITS2 were PCR amplified and Sanger sequenced for 564 species from 1900 specimens. To increase the amount of the genome covered, shotgun sequencing of 1670 species is in progress. Our Sanger analyses had a success rate of 74% and 85% for ITS2 and rbcLa, respectively. Overall success rate of Sanger sequencing decreased with later collection date in the year. Preliminary results of ...
  • Life history of Leptagonus decagonus (Atlantic poacher) in Svalbard waters 

    Heggland, Kristin; Ottesen, Camilla; Berge, Jørgen (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2012-04)
    <p>The demersal fish species <i>Leptagonus decagonus</i> (Atlantic poacher) is a commonly encountered species on the continental shelf in the Barents Sea and around Svalbard, but little is known about the life-history and population traits of the species in Svalbard waters. It is therefore important to investigate this species to understand its importance in the ecosystem. <p>A total of 80 specimens ...
  • Rethinking Sami Agency during Living Exhibitions: From the Age of Empire to the Postwar World 

    Baglo, Cathrine (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2014)
    In the fall of 2008, the state-owned Norwegian Broadcasting Company (NRK), a noncommercial and highly-regarded channel, presented its new Saturday night show: „The Great Travel‟. The plot was simple. Three Norwegian families were sent into the „bush‟ to live for three weeks with three different indigenous groups around the World. One of the groups, the Waorani in the Ecuadorian Amazon, appeared more ...
  • Timber as a Marine Resource: Exploitation of Arctic Driftwood in the North Atlantic 

    Mooney, Dawn Elise; Guðmundsdóttir, Lísabet; Pinta, Élie; Alm, Torbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2023-03-07)
    The North Atlantic islands of the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland have always been relatively poor in terms of native timber resources, due to their cold climate and exposed topography. Nevertheless, timber was vital to the material culture of the Norse settlers of these islands, and driftwood often met this need. As in subarctic Norway, where trees are also scarce, driftwood use and ownership ...
  • Early to Middle Bronze Age agricultural terraces in north-east England: Morphology, dating and cultural implications 

    Brown, Antony; Fallu, Daniel; Cucchiaro, Sara; Alonso-Eguiluz, Monica; Albert, Rosa Maria; Walsh, Kevin; Pears, Ben R.; Scaife, Rob; Langdon, Catherine; Tarolli, Paolo; Cockroft, David; Snape, Lisa; Lang, Andreas; Ascough, Philippa; Zhao, Pengzhi; Van Oost, Kristof; Waddington, Clive (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-02-06)
    Terracing is found widely in the Mediterranean and in other hilly and mountainous regions of the world. Yet while archaeological attention to these ‘mundane’ landscape features has grown, they remain understudied, particularly in Northern Europe. Here, the authors present a multidisciplinary study of terraces in the Breamish Valley, Northumberland. The results date their construction to the Early ...
  • The Mosaics of an Arctic Seamstress: Narrative Versions of Ada Blackjack on Wrangel Island, 1921–1923 

    Gaupseth, Silje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-04-20)
    This essay focuses on the narrative mosaics of Iñupiat Alaskan Ada Delutuk Blackjack, hired seamstress on an occupation colony on Wrangel Island in 1921–23, organized by renowned Canadian Arctic explorer and writer Vilhjalmur Stefansson. While the venture resulted in the tragic deaths of Blackjack’s four companions on the island, she became the expedition’s sole survivor and kept a diary during the ...
  • Macro-nutritional balancing in a circumpolar boreal ruminant under winter conditions 

    Spitzer, Robert; Coissac, Eric; Cromsigt, Joris P. G. M.; Felton, Annika M.; Fohringer, Christian; Landman, Marietjie; Neumann, Wiebke; Raubenheimer, David; Singh, Navinder; Taberlet, Pierre Robert Michel; Widemo, Fredrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-02-08)
    <ol> <li>Differences in botanical diet compositions among a large number of moose faecal samples collected during winter correlated with the nutritional differences identified in the same samples (Mantel-r = 0.89, p = 0.001), but the nutritional differences were significantly smaller (p < 0.001).</li> <li>Nutritional geometry revealed that moose mixed Scots pine Pinus sylvestris and Vaccinium spp. ...
  • Molecular assessment of dietary variation in neighbouring primate groups 

    Schneider, Judith; Brun, Loïc; Taberlet, Pierre Robert Michel; Fumagalli, Luca; van de Waal, Erica (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-03-02)
    <ol> <li>Facing rapid environmental changes and anthropogenic habitat destruction, animal behavioural plasticity becomes an adaptive potential that needs to be considered in conservation strategies along with, for example, genetic diversity. Here, we evaluate to what extent non-invasive environmental DNA (eDNA) methods may contribute to the assessment of intraspecies behavioural plasticity in terms ...
  • Geometric morphometrics of macro- and meiofaunal priapulid pharyngeal teeth provides a proxy for studying Cambrian “tooth taxa” 

    Vikberg Wernström, Joel; Slater, Ben J; Sørensen, Martin V; Crampton, Denise; Altenburger, Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-08-12)
    Priapulids are marine, benthic ecdysozoan worms that feed using a distinctive toothed pharynx. While only a handful of lineages have survived to the present day, the Cambrian priapulid stem group left behind a rich record of articulated body fossils and characteristic trace fossils in the form of burrows. Recently, the fossil record of isolated priapulid cuticular elements including pharyngeal teeth ...
  • T cell receptor repertoire sequencing reveals chemotherapy-driven clonal expansion in colorectal liver metastases 

    Høye, Eirik; Dagenborg, Vegar Johansen; Kristensen, Annette Torgunrud; Lund-Andersen, Christin; Fretland, Åsmund Avdem; Lorenz, Susanne; Edwin, Bjørn von Gohren; Hovig, Eivind; Fromm, Bastian; Inderberg, Else Marit; Greiff, Victor; Ree, Anne Hansen; Flatmark, Kjersti (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-05-10)
    Background - Colorectal liver metastasis (CLM) is a leading cause of colorectal cancer mortality, and the response to immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) in microsatellite-stable CRC has been disappointing. Administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy may cause increased density of tumor-infiltrating T cells, which has been associated with improved response to ICI. This study aimed to quantify and ...
  • The drivers of plant community composition have shifted from external to internal processes over the past 20,000 years 

    Doncaster, C. Patrick; Edwards, Mary E.; Clarke, Charlotte L.; Alsos, Inger Greve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-05-19)
    Internal and external factors regulating the past composition of plant communities are difficult to identify in palaeo-vegetation records. Here, we develop an index of relative entropy of community assembly, which applies to changes in the composition of a community over time, measuring disorder in its assembly relative to disassembly. Historical periods of relatively ordered assembly (negative ...
  • On the identity and distribution of the rare Rymosia tolleti Burghele-Balacesco, 1965 (Diptera, Mycetophilidae) encountered in European caves 

    Kurina, Olavi; Kjærandsen, Jostein; Kirik, Heli; Hadbavná, Dominika; Dénes, Anna; Oboňa, Jozef; Manko, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-06-02)
    The identity and distribution of a neglected fungus gnat species, Rymosia tolleti Burghele-Balacesco, 1965, in Europe is reviewed based on examination of newly collected specimens as well as available museum materials. Rymosia tolleti is widespread but rather rare in Central Europe, with confirmed records from Romania, Slovakia, Germany, and France. All the specimens with known collection details ...
  • The effect of climate change on avian offspring production: A global meta-analysis 

    Halupka, Lucyna; Arlt, Debora; Tolvanen, Jere; Millon, Alexandre; Bize, Pierre; Adamík, Peter; Albert, Pascal; Arendt, Wayne J.; Artemyev, Alexander V.; Baglione, Vittorio; Bańbura, Jerzy; Bańbura, Mirosława; Barba, Emilio; Barrett, Robert; Becker, Peter H.; Belskii, Eugen; Bolton, Mark; Bowers, E Keith; Bried, Joël; Brouwer, Lyanne; Bukacińska, Monika; Bukaciński, Dariusz; Bulluck, Lesley; Carstens, Kate F.; Catry, Inês; Charter, Motti; Chernomorets, Anna; Covas, Rita; Czuchra, Monika; Dearborn, Donald C.; de Lope, Florentino; Di Giacomo, Adrián S; Dombrovski, Valery C.; Drummond, Hugh; Dunn, Michael J.; Eeva, Tapio; Emmerson, Louise M.; Espmark, Yngve; Fargallo, Juan A.; Gashkov, Sergey I.; Golubova, Elena Yu; Griesser, Michael; Harris, Michael P.; Hoover, Jeffrey P.; Jagiełło, Zuzanna; Karell, Patrik; Kloskowski, Janusz; Koenig, Walter D.; Kolunen, Heikki; Korczak-Abshire, Małgorzata; Korpimäki, Erkki; Krams, Indrikis; Krist, Miloš; Krüger, Sonja C.; Kuranov, Boris D.; Lambin, Xavier; Lombardo, Michael P.; Lyakhov, Andrey; Marzal, Alfonso; Møller, Anders P.; Neves, Verónica C; Nielsen, Jan Tøttrup; Numerov, Alexander; Orłowska, Beata; Oro, Daniel; Öst, Markus; Phillips, Richard A.; Pietiäinen, Hannu; Polo, Vicente; Porkert, Jiří; Potti, Jaime; Pöysä, Hannu; Printemps, Thierry; Prop, Jouke; Quillfeldt, Petra; Ramos, Jaime A.; Ravussin, Pierre-Alain; Rosenfield, Robert N.; Roulin, Alexandre; Rubenstein, Dustin R.; Samusenko, Irina E.; Saunders, Denis A.; Schaub, Michael; Senar, Juan C.; Sergio, Fabrizio; Solonen, Tapio; Solovyeva, Diana V.; Stępniewski, Janusz; Thompson, Paul M.; Tobolka, Marcin; Török, János; van de Pol, Martijn; Vernooij, Louis; Visser, Marcel E.; Westneat, David F.; Wheelwright, Nathaniel T.; Wiącek, Jarosław; Wiebe, Karen; Wood, Andrew G.; Wuczyński, Andrzej; Wysocki, Dariusz; Zárybnická, Markéta; Margalida, Antoni; Halupka, Konrad (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023)
    Climate change affects timing of reproduction in many bird species, but few studies have investigated its influence on annual reproductive output. Here, we assess changes in the annual production of young by female breeders in 201 populations of 104 bird species (N = 745,962 clutches) covering all continents between 1970 and 2019. Overall, average offspring production has declined in recent decades, ...
  • A new species of Dasyhelea (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), mining the leaves of the floating fern Salvinia minima Baker. 

    Dominiak, Patrycja; Borkent, Art (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-06-12)
    A newly described species, Dasyhelea mesophylla Dominiak and Borkent, from Costa Rica is the first species in this large and diverse family known to be a leaf-miner. The species is described as third and fourth instar larvae, pupa, and male and female adults. The biology of larvae mining the floating leaves of Salvinia minima Baker is also described. The pupa has a distinctive, sharply pointed ...
  • Roald Amundsen - den husmoderlige polarhelten 

    Aarekol, Lena (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2018)
    14. desember 1911 ble Sydpolen erobret! Da Roald Amundsen og hans mannskap på fire nådde klodens sydligste punkt som de aller første, var det en verdensbegivenhet. <p> <p>Nordmenns beundring for vågemot, styrke og overlevelsesevne gjorde denne ekspedisjonen til en nasjonal stolthet, og den ble viktig for norsk identitetsbygging (Fulsås 2004, 222). Etter at Fridtjof Nansen hadde krysset Grønland ...
  • Margrete Kreutz' historie: utstilling som synliggjøring av individualitet, etnisitet og handlekraft 

    Baglo, Cathrine (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2018)
    «Margrete Kreutz’ historie» (Margrete Kreutzen jieleden bïjre) er ei vandreutstilling som jeg produserte i samarbeid med billedkunstner Elin Andreassen og Tromsø Museum – Universitetsmuseet sommeren 2012. Utgangspunktet for utstillinga var den da nylig avleverte doktorgradsavhandlinga mi om levende utstillinger av samer på verdensutstillinger, i dyrehager, fornøyelsesparker og andre steder i Europa ...
  • "Traces of our ancient religion". Meaning-making and Shamanism at Sami Offering Places at the Isogaisa Festival, Northern Norway 

    Äikäs, Tiina; Fonneland, Trude A.; Thomas, Suzie; Perttola, Wesa; Kraft, Siv Ellen (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2018)
    In 2010, the first shaman festival to be held in the Nordic countries opened its doors to the public in the county of Lavangen, Northern Norway (Fig. 1). The festival is named Isogaisa and presented as an indigenous festival highlighting the spiritual traditions of indigenous people. At this annual festival, shamans from all over the world gather to perform ceremonies and exchange knowledge.
  • Cut above the Rest: a Multi-disciplinary Study of Two Slate Knives from Forager Contexts in Coastal Norway. 

    Lentfer, Carol; Skandfer, Marianne; Presslee, Samantha; Hagan, Richard; Robson, Harry K.; Damm, Charlotte Brysting (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2023-04-05)
    Slate was a prominent tool material in the Scandinavian Stone Age.However, details of tool function have relied on morphology and have added littleto our understanding of their role in hunting and processing. Here, wedemonstrate that it is possible to identify both the use-wear traces and residuesfrom slate knives from northern Norway. By applying a multi-disciplinaryapproach incorporating ...

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