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dc.contributor.advisorEngh, Richard A.
dc.contributor.authorLund, Bjarte Aarmo
dc.date.accessioned2013-07-17T05:07:07Zen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-26T08:50:15Z
dc.date.available2015-11-26T08:50:15Z
dc.date.issued2013-05
dc.description.abstractProtein kinases provide one of the cell’s most important methods for signaling and control. 2% of the encoding genome consists of protein kinase genes, and from 10-50% of the proteins in the cell are phosphorylated at some point in the cell cycle. Malfunction of protein kinases is connected to several disease-conditions, most prominently cancer, Alzheimer’s and diabetes. Understanding the interactions of protein kinases gives deeper insight into the function of protein kinases, and builds a foundation for new treatments and diagnostics. A common feature of the protein kinases is their ability to bind to adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In this study a set of resin-linked ATP-analogs with distinct binding-strategies was used to probe the ATP-binding site to investigate the use as an affinity-chromatography-step in the purification of protein kinases and together with other studies of protein kinase/ligand interactions detect differences between protein kinases to give information on how to create new specific inhibitors for protein kinases. For the model-protein kinase cAMP-dependent protein kinase/protein kinase A (PKA) a specific affinity-chromatography-resin with immobilized protein kinase inhibitor (PKI) was studied using different eluants and mutants. Binding to ATP-analog-resins was observed for 70 kDa heat shock proteins (HSP70), Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase 1 (ABL1), dual specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation- regulated kinase 1A (DYRK1A) and PKA, and there were differences in which of the resins each protein bound to. Several different mutants were tested on immobilized PKI, including one new mutant which did not show any binding to PKI. It was also shown that by using bisubstrate inhibitors as eluants, it is possible to only elute specific isoforms of PKA. The observation of distinct binding-behavior to the differently linked ATP-analogs gives indications on how new inhibitors may be designed with higher selectivity, as well as showing potential as components of a protein purification strategy. The work on immobilized PKI with bisubstrate inhibitors as eluants revealed that it is possible to elute only the active form of PKA from the PKI-resin, simplifying the later chromatographic steps. The non-PKI-binding protein kinase A sevenfold mutant model of Aurora B (PKA Aur7)-mutant has potential use in co-expression with kinase-dead mutants to yield more stable autophosphorylated PKA it it can be shown to be active, while being easy to purify away since it does not bind to the PKI-resin as the other PKA-variants would.en_US
dc.descriptionOppgaven publiseres nå etter ønske fra kandidaten. Embargodato er endret fra 2018-05-05 til 2015-11-21. 20.11.2015 MAen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10037/8289
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-uit_munin_7871
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherUniversitetet i Tromsøen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Tromsøen_US
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccess
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2013 The Author(s)
dc.subject.courseIDKJE-3900en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Kjemi: 440::Legemiddelkjemi: 448en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Chemistry: 440::Pharmaceutical chemistry: 448en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Basale biofag: 470::Biokjemi: 476en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Basic biosciences: 470::Biochemistry: 476en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Teknologi: 500::Bioteknologi: 590en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Technology: 500::Biotechnology: 590en_US
dc.titleBiotech applications of protein kinase affinity interactionsen_US
dc.typeMaster thesisen_US
dc.typeMastergradsoppgaveen_US


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