Now showing items 1-20 of 43

    • Biogas from Organic Waste - A Case Study 

      Mustafa, Mohamad; Calay, Rajnish K; Roman, Elisabeth (Peer reviewed, 2016-07-01)
      This paper presents a case study to investigate the potential for upgrade of a bio-waste treatment plant. The paper also discusses development potentials in order to optimize the plant for maximum energy and environmental benefits. Data gathered over two consecutive years about the production of biogas, energy and bio-rest were considered and mass balance analysis of inputs and outputs of the ...
    • Circular economy: Challenges and opportunities in the construction sector of Kazakhstan 

      Torgautov, Beibut; Zhanabayev, Asset; Tleuken, Aidana; Turkyilmaz, Ali; Mustafa, Mohammad; Karaca, Ferhat (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-24)
      The circular economy in the construction sector in emerging economies is one of the most promising concepts that aims to keep the value of the construction materials and structures as long as possible. The construction industry is rapidly developing in Kazakhstan with a yearly increase in projects. This research paper investigates the construction sector in Kazakhstan in terms of the potential ...
    • A Comprehensive Summary of Available Legislation and Practices in Demolition and Construction & Demolition Waste Management in the Arctic Region 

      Novakova, Iveta; Drozdyuk, Tatiana; Ohenoja, Katja; Ayzenshtadt, Arcady; Arntsen, Bård; Perumal, Priyadharshini; Dyvesveen, Martin Skjerve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-17)
      The need for better natural resource use is currently increasingly recognised, and high emphasis is given to the circularity of building materials and the reduction of activities with negative environmental impact. Legislation, guidelines, and other documentation play an important role in improving demolition activities and construction and demolition waste (CDW) management. Good practices in CDW ...
    • Construction professionals’ perspectives on drivers and barriers of sustainable construction 

      Tokbolat, Serik; Karaca, Ferhat; Durdyev, Serdar; Calay, Rajnish K (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-05)
      With the associated environmental challenges and unsustainable patterns of construction, there is also notable awareness and willingness among the state bodies to adopt sustainability measures and practices in Kazakhstan. This study explores the drivers of and barriers inhibiting the adoption of sustainability paradigm in the construction context of Kazakhstan. The drivers and barriers were validated ...
    • Control of Airborne Noise Generated in the Cavities of a T-Slotted Aluminum Cylindrical Column 

      Mustafa, Mohamad Y.; Yizhong, Xu; Sørensen, Bjørn Reidar; Santos, José; Al-Mahadin, Aziz (Peer reviewed; Chapter, 2018-06-11)
      This paper presents a study of airborne noise generated by a T-slotted cylindrical aluminum hollow column with six slots of the type used for the construction of communication towers. Noise is a very distracting phenomena and an environmental concern caused by various sources. Noise pollution is becoming more severe with the introduction of massive human activities and the use of heavy machineries, ...
    • Design of water shock tube for testing shell materials 

      Ji, Hongjuan; Mustafa, Mohamad; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Ewan, Bruce C.; Moatamedi, Mojtaba (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-04-15)
      This paper presents design considerations for a shock tube experimental rig used to investigate the dynamic failure mechanisms of shell geometries subjected to water shock impact loading. In such setup, it is desirable that the drive pressure used within the tube can provide a wide range of impulsive loads on the test structures and some flexibility can be achieved on the applied pulse durations. ...
    • Efficient Distributed Localization Algorithm for Ownership Identification of Reindeer Calf Using Wireless Sensor Networks 

      Mustafa, Mohamad; Morral Adell, Gemma; diengy, Ndeye Amy (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017)
      This paper presents a distributed algorithm for identifying the ownership of new-born reindeer calves using wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Reindeer are semi wild animals giving birth while in the wild. Although reindeer cows usually carry identification tags or signs of their owners, it is difficult to identify the ownership of the calves within a mixed herd. Currently, identification is performed ...
    • Feasibility of Computational Fluid Dynamics for Analyzing Airflow around Porous Fences 

      Xu, Yizhong; Calay, Rajnish K; Mustafa, Mohamad (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-19)
      This article presents using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling to analyze the flow around porous fences. The feasibility of applying 2D and 3D models was assessed with respect to corresponding wind tunnel experiments. Comparisons between the flow structures on leeward of the fence as predicted by CFD models and the wind tunnel measurements were discussed. Velocity values for the two ...
    • Feasibility study for utilization of solar energy in the arctic areas 

      Tamrakar, Stutee; Mustafa, Mohamad; Riise, Raymond (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      This research investigates a solar thermal system and a solar photovoltaic system which produces local energy, by incoming solar radiation, to meet the energy consumption demand of a residential building in the arctic region. The study on the use of the solar systems in the arctic areas is rare and often doubted. So, to analyze the potential of solar energy, a study case of an existing building block ...
    • Finite element simulation of ductile fracture in polycrystalline materials using a regularized porous crystal plasticity model 

      Khadyko, Mikhail; Frodal, Bjørn Håkon; Hopperstad, Odd Sture (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-18)
      In the present study, a hypoelastic–plastic formulation of porous crystal plasticity with a regularized version of Schmid’s law is proposed. The equation describing the effect of the voids on plasticity is modified to allow for an explicit analytical solution for the effective resolved shear stress. The regularized porous crystal plasticity model is implemented as a material model in a finite element ...
    • Fuel cell technology application for Dubai rail systems 

      Mustafa, Mohamad; Al-Mahadin, Aziz; Kanstad, Bjørn Eirik; Calay, Rajnish K (Peer reviewed; Chapter, 2018-06-11)
      Heat engines, such as internal combustion engines, have significant adverse effects on the environment due to their heat and harmful emissions. In addition, they are dependent on energy from fossil resources, which are depleting rapidly and they are not being properly utilized due to the relatively low efficiency of heat engines usually expressed by Carnot's efficiency. The low temperature direct ...
    • Green Building in the Arctic Region: State-of-the-Art and Future Research Opportunities 

      Ravasio, Lucrezia; Sveen, Svein-Erik; Riise, Raymond (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-10)
      The concept of Green Building refers to environmentally friendly constructions with the target of minimizing the impact on the natural environment through sustainable and efficient use of resources over their life cycle. Since modern buildings are large contributors to global energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, policies and international strategies intended to reduce the carbon footprint ...
    • Green Buildings in the Arctic region: a literature review 

      Ravasio, Lucrezia; Riise, Raymond; Sveen, Svein-Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-30)
      Green Buildings are defined as environmental-friendly buildings aimed at minimizing the impact on the natural environment through a sustainable and efficient use of resources over their life-cycle. This is, perhaps, a recently-introduced building concept that is increasingly gaining attention due to the policies and strategies intended to reduce the carbon footprint of conventional buildings, which ...
    • Hvordan kommuniserer lærere med elevene i teknologiprosjekter? 

      Lysne, Dag Atle; Esjeholm, Bjørn Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-14)
      Inquiry-based methods have been seen as important for developing science in school. There are good reasons why the work of designing various technological devices in technology should also be part of inquiry-based methods. If so, it requires that the teachers have an exploratory approach in communicat-ing with students. In this paper, we analyze the communication between teachers and students in six ...
    • A Hybrid Biomass Hydrothermal Gasification- Solid Oxide Fuel Cell System Combined with Improved CHP Plant for Sustainable Power Generation 

      Mustafa, Mahmoud; Nord, Natasa; Calay, Rajnish K; Mustafa, Mohamad (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The most popular technique, so far, for biomass waste to energy conversion has been incineration, but this technique has raised a lot of objection among nature activists due to the release of particulate matter and pollutants like nitrogen oxides (NOx) into the atmosphere. However, advanced non-incineration conversion methods like pyrolysis, thermal gasification, and plasma-arc gasification are ...
    • Integration of Renewable Energy Technologies in University Campuses: a Case Study 

      Mustafa, Mohamad; Tokbolat, Serik; Almahadin, Aziz; Khussainova, Diana; Nazipov, Farnush (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-10)
      Renewable energy technologies are becoming widely integrated into energy generation systems around the world. While the majority of such technologies are integrated at a large scale in the form of wind and solar farms, there is a need for their incorporation into the built environment. A university campus is an ideal place for testing and understanding how renewable energy technologies can be ...
    • Investigation of the impacts of design parameters on thermal performance of buildings in cold climate 

      Mustafa, Mohamad; Zhong, Hua; Gaitov, Rashid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-29)
      While design optimization of buildings seeks to improve energy efficiency and, thus, leads to greenhouse gas emissions reduction, the thermal performance of buildings can be compromised. Thermal performance is an important aspect as it directly affects the health and wellbeing of occupants. This study aims to investigate using a simple simulation tool to examine the correlation between a set of ...
    • Investigation of the Structure of Airflow Behind a Porous Fence Aided by CFD Based Virtual Sensor Data 

      Mustafa, Mohamad; Xu, Yizhong (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-28)
      Physical experiments have difficulties to thoroughly investigate the full structure of air flow behind a porous fence. Physical measurement sensors have their limitations of data acquisitions in turbulent air flow. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) technique provides an infinite number of virtual sensors that allows producing quantitative CFD based virtual sensors data for users. In this paper, ...
    • Measurement of Wind Flow Behavior at the Leeward Side of Porous Fences Using Ultrasonic Anemometer Device 

      Mustafa, Mohamad; Xu, Yizhong; Haritos, George; Kenji, Kosugi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-01)
      Efficiency of wind fences is evaluated by the reduction of wind velocity and the effective shelter area behind the fence. Fence porosity is the most influential structural parameters in the porous fence design, and has significant impact on the structure of wind velocity and turbulence leeward. In this work, three fences with porosity of 23%, 35% and 45% have been tested under 10m/s inlet velocity ...
    • Modelling Multi-layer Hydronic Radiators 

      Chen, Liguo; Sørensen, Bjørn Reidar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-30)
      This report simulates Purmo type C22 and C33 radiators with both standard calculation and heat transfer method with help of Matlab/Simulink. Simulation results are presented to describe the radiators’ thermal performances with different simulation strategies. The deviations between two different calculation methods are identified and the heat transfer radiator model can be improved with more ...