Now showing items 41-60 of 25427

    • Active and passive transductions - Definitions and implications for learning 

      Svensson, Kim; Campos, Esmeralda; Eriksson, Urban (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-21)
      To move between different semiotic systems, such as graphs and formulas, is a necessary step in learning physics or solving problems. In social semiotics, this movement of semiotic material is called a transduction and during a transduction a student must unpack, filter, and highlight different aspects of the concept or problem. Unpacking, filtering, and highlighting have been shown to be important ...
    • Det russiske konstruktikonet: hva er det for noe? 

      Endresen, Anna (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2022-01-17)
    • Spatiotemporal Variations in Trace Element Compositions in Pollock Populations under the Influence of Coastal Norwegian Salmon Farms 

      Fourdain, Linda; Arechavala-Lopez, Pablo; Uglem, Ingebrigt; Sæther, Bjørn-Steinar; Sanchez-Jerez, Pablo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-20)
      Pollock Pollachius virens (also known as Saithe) modify their feeding habits when including in their diet uneaten feed pellets from salmon aquaculture sea cages. To determine the influence of salmon farms on Pollock, multivariate and univariate analyses were conducted on the trace element signatures from muscle and liver tissues. Sample fish were caught in the vicinity of salmon farms and in control ...
    • Capturing minds. Towards a methods critique of questionnaire-based mental health surveys. 

      Wackers, Ger; Schille-Rognmo, Marthe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-29)
      Mental health surveys of general populations use psychometric instruments derived from psychiatric symptom checklists and assessment scales. Mental health surveys of this type have become so ubiquitous and influential that the psychometric methods that are at the heart of them seem to be beyond reproach. Are these the right tools to do the job of capturing the minds of general populations? This ...
    • Ultrasound assessed carotid atherosclerosis in a general population : the Tromsø study 

      Joakimsen, Oddmund (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2000)
      As a neurologist with a special interest in cerebrovascular diseases, and with several years of practice with ultrasound examinations of extra- and intracranial arteries, I have some times experienced patients in whom ultrasound revealed unexpected findings which surprised mc, and made me wonder about etiological relationships and clinical implications. Thus, ultrasound examinations of the carotid ...
    • Across time and space: Examiner and candidate experiences of online doctoral vivas 

      Wisker, Gina; Highman, Ludovic; Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Waghorne, Joseph (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-11)
      Many countries have doctoral viva examinations, mostly conducted in-person until the COVID-19 pandemic. This article explores the changing processes and experiences of doctoral vivas forced online, from the perspectives of three examiners (two Uk, one NZ) and one recent candidate (UK). It sheds light on remote viva examinations exploring experiences of examination rigour, opportunities to evidence ...
    • Discussing tourism during a crisis: resilient reactions and learning paths towards sustainable futures 

      Bertella, Giovanna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-07)
      This study’s purpose is to conceptualise the relationship between resilience and sustainability from a learning perspective. It asks how a community’s first reactions to a crisis can indicate the possible future development of a destination’s sustainability, and examines the resilience properties of elasticity, hysteresis and malleability in relation to single- and multiple-loop learning. Empirically, ...
    • Female Russian migrants in Norway and their stories about International Women’s Day 

      Wara, Tatiana; Munkejord, Mai Camilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-09)
      Although political relations between Russia and Norway have softened over the years, the symbolic boundaries persist. In this article, we illustrate how Russian female migrants in Northern Norway relate to these symbolic boundaries. Thus, perspectives from the phenomenology of the body and critical phenomenology are used to analyze qualitative data on how Russian female migrants experience the ...
    • Learning to aspire, aspiring to subvert: Namibian San youths' narratives about the future as mimetic work of resistance 

      Ninkova, Velina; Paksi, Attila (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-06)
      This article examines Namibian San youths’ aspirations about the future. Based on 170 essays, the analysis shows that disadvantaged San students aspire for future lives radically different from the lives of their families. We argue that San students have acquired the repertoire of “the good Namibian citizen” as a form of resistance through mimesis. These assertions create an opening for the projection ...
    • Exploring student teachers’ development of intercultural understanding in teacher education practic 

      Steele, Annfrid Rosøy; Leming, Tove (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-28)
      Teachers’ intercultural understanding has a growing importance in teacher education. In a society with more diverse classrooms, there is an increasing need for teachers with a broad intercultural understanding. Student teachers who have had school practice in different cultural settings have a broader understanding of their multicultural pupils and are better equipped for related challenges and ...
    • A narratological approach to witchcraft trial records: creating experience 

      Toivo, Raisa Maria; Willumsen, Liv Helene (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-20)
      The article uses narratology as a tool to examine the seventeenth-century witchcraft trials in Finland and the area of Finnmark, Northern Norway, to analyse how experience as a category of knowledge and expression surfaces in original court records. This article focuses on courtroom discourse in witchcraft trials: the interrogation, what the accused confessed to in terms of ideas about witchcraft, ...
    • How life events are perceived to link to bodily distress: A qualitative study of women with chronic pelvic pain. 

      Boge-Olsnes, Cathrine Maria; Risør, Mette Bech; Øberg, Gunn Kristin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-28)
      Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is highly prevalent among women and the condition is poorly understood. In addition to multiple symptoms from the pelvis, CPP patients frequently suffer bodily distress like musculoskeletal pain and negative emotional, behavioral, and sexual implications. This paper is based on a qualitative study including semi-structured interviews with eight women with CPP. Our project ...
    • Boundary work in task-shifting practices – A qualitative study of reablement teams 

      Eliassen, Marianne; Moholt, Jill-Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-18)
      Background - Health services worldwide have provided incentives for establishing teams to accommodate complex health care tasks, enhance patient outcomes and organizational efficiency, and compensate for shortages of health care professionals. Parallel to and partly due to the increased focus on teamwork, task shifting has become a health policy. Task shifting involves new tasks and responsibilities, ...
    • Leadership styles and safety performance in high-risk industries: a systematic review 

      Ta, Thi Diem My; Kim, Tae-Eun; Gausdal, Anne Haugen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-03)
      The importance of leadership on safety has been well acknowledged and studied for many years in various high-risk industries. This paper aims at (1) synthesising the existing safety leadership research by performing a systematic literature review to gain an overview of the relationship between various leadership styles and safety performance in high-risk industries with a main focus on health and ...
    • Eliciting false auditory perceptions using speech frequencies and semantic priming: a signal detection approach 

      Laloyaux, Julien; Hirnstein, Marco; Specht, Karsten; Giersch, Anne; Larøi, Frank (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-04)
      Introduction - Individuals experiencing auditory hallucinations (AH) tend to perceive voices when exposed to random noise. However, the factors driving this tendency remain unclear. The present study examined the interaction of a top-down (expectations) and bottom-up (type of noise) process to better understand the mechanisms that underlie AH.<p> <p>Methods - Fifty-two healthy individuals (29 ...
    • Novel screening methods for nanoscale changes in liver cell fenestrations elicited by pharmaceuticals 

      Szafranska, Karolina (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2022-08-19)
      This thesis focuses on liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSEC) and one of their characteristic features called fenestrations. LSEC line the hepatic sinusoids and filter solutes from the plasma. The bidirectional transport of solutes between the bloodstream and the interior of the liver is facilitated via transcellular nanopores called fenestrations. Fenestrations are dynamic structures with diameters ...
    • Electron-neutral collisions effects on Langmuir probe in the lower E-region ionosphere 

      Brask, Steffen Mattias; Marholm, Sigvald; Di Mare, Francesca; Adhikari, Sayan; Spicher, Andres; Takahashi, T.; Miloch, Wojciech Jacek (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-21)
      We present the first set of particle-in-cell simulations including Monte Carlo collisions between charged and neutral particles used to simulate a cylindrical Langmuir probe in the electron saturation regime with a collisional electron sheath. We use a setup focused on the E-region ionosphere; however, the results of these simulations are analyzed in a general sense using dimensionless values. We ...
    • Bisphenol A replacement chemicals, BPF and BPS, induce protumorigenic changes in human mammary gland organoid morphology and proteome 

      Winkler, Juliane; Liu, Pengyuan; Phong, Kiet; Hinrichs, Johanna H.; Ataii, Nassim; Williams, Katherine; Hadler-Olsen, Elin Synnøve; Samson, Susan; Gartner, Zev J.; Fisher, Susan; Werb, Zena (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-09)
      Environmental chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) are thought to contribute to carcinogenesis through their endocrine-disrupting properties. Due to accumulating evidence about negative human health effects, BPA is being phased out, but in parallel, exposures to replacement chemicals such as bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol F (BPF) are increasing. Little is known about their biologic effects, but ...
    • Dental plaque and gingival bleeding in adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and controls: a multilevel analysis 

      Gil, Elisabeth Grut; Åstrøm, Anne-Kristine N; Lie, Stein Atle; Rygg, Marite; Fischer, Johannes; Rosén, Annika; Bletsa, Athanasia; Luukko, Keijo Aukusti; Shi, Xie-Qi; Halbig, Josefine Mareile; Frid, Paula Hanna Therese; Cetrelli, Lena Elisabet; Tylleskär, Karin; Rosendahl, Karen; Skeie, Marit Slåttelid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-30)
      Objective - To explore whether plaque and gingival bleeding are more frequently experienced by adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) compared to matched controls without JIA; explore whether surface- and site-specific periodontal outcomes vary between the two groups; and for participants with JIA, investigate associations between disease-specific features and periodontal outcomes.<p ...
    • Occupational cold exposure is associated with neck pain, low back pain, and lumbar radiculopathy 

      Stjernbrandt, Albin; Farbu, Erlend Hoftun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-24)
      Ambient cold exposure can pose health risks, and this study was aimed at investigating associations with musculoskeletal disorders. A postal survey was performed on 12,627 men and women, ages 18–70 years, living in northern Sweden. Statistical associations were determined using multiple logistic regression. The study sample consisted of 6,886 women (54.5%), and 5,741 men. Reporting high occupational ...