Now showing items 21-40 of 30583

    • Introduction and rationale: An overview of refugee education Europe 

      Gunntorsdottir, Hermina; Douglas, Marcela; Saus, Merete; Paulgaard, Gry (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      According to the UNHCR’s report Global Trends - Forced Displacement in 2018 (UNHCR, 2019) on changes in UNHCR’s population of concern related to ongoing crises, the number of refugees under UNHCR’s care is almost double that of 2012, with two thirds coming from just 5 countries. Furthermore it is stated that the total global refugee population under UNHCR’s mandate is now at the highest level ever ...
    • RE approaches and strategies in Northern Europe 

      Gunntorsdottir, Hermina; Douglas, Marcela; Saus, Merete; Paulgaard, Gry (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      In the UNHCR data base on refugees, Northern Europe consists of eight countries, the Nordic countries: Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Iceland, and the Baltic countries: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia with a total population of 33,121,044. At the end of year 2017, the total number of refugees, asylum-seekers and stateless persons in Northern Europe was 788,717 (UNHCR, 2019, table 1).
    • Zinc binding and chelating compounds as inhibitors of bacterial metalloproteases and human matrix metalloproteases 

      Rahman, Fatema Amatur (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-10-13)
      Bacterial multi-drug resistance is a major health problem worldwide. Inhibition of bacterial virulence is suggested to be a promising strategy in the development of new antibacterial drugs. The present work has focused on identifying new inhibitors of the bacterial virulence factors thermolysin (TLN), pseudolysin (PLN, LasB) and aureolysin (ALN), which are all zinc metalloproteases (MPs) using enzyme ...
    • Country of ownership influence on brand equity and loyalty 

      Eriksen, Philip Einar D.; Green, Raymond G. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2023-05-31)
      This study aims to investigate the impact of country of ownership on Norwegian consumers' brand attitudes, perceived quality, brand value, and loyalty. As companies increasingly internationalize, it becomes crucial to examine how this may influence brand equity and identify strategies to mitigate any potential negative effects. This knowledge would be beneficial for both national and international ...
    • Centre for Ice, Cryosphere, Carbon and Climate (iC3). Closing large-scale uncertainty in Polar ice sheet impacts on the global carbon cycle 

      Wadham, Jemma Louise; Winsborrow, Monica Caroline Mackay; Souster, Terri Ann (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2023-09)
    • Tapte regjeringspartiene kommunevalg på lakseskatten? 

      Stein, Jonas; Broderstad, Troy Saghaug (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2023)
      Regjeringspartiene ble betydelig svekket i de største oppdrettskommunene ved kommunevalget, samtidig som Høyre og Frp styrket seg. Men endringene var i stor grad de samme som i kommuner som ikke hadde en stor oppdrettsnæring.
    • A time-transgressive perspective of glacial erosion and meltwater beneath the Eurasian ice sheet 

      Patton, Henry Jared; Hubbard, Alun Lloyd; Heyman, Jakob; Alexandropoulou, Nikolitsa; Lasabuda, Amando P. E.; Stroeven, Arjen P; Hall, Adrian; Winsborrow, Monica Caroline Mackay; Sugden, David A.; Kleman, Johan; Shackleton, Calvin; Da Silveira Ramos Esteves, Mariana; Bjarnadóttir, Lilja Rún; Andreassen, Karin Marie (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2023-08)
      The efficacy and controls governing glacial erosion over geological timescales are intricately linked yet remain poorly understood and contended. By assimilating geophysical data with modelling of the Eurasian Ice Sheet - the third largest Quaternary ice mass that spanned 49°N - 82°N - we decipher its erosional footprint during the last ~110 ka glacial cycle. Our results demonstrate extreme ...
    • Learning nanoscale motion patterns of vesicles in living cells 

      Sekh, Arif Ahmed; Opstad, Ida Sundvor; Birgisdottir, Åsa Birna; Myrmel, Truls; Ahluwalia, Balpreet Singh; Agarwal, Krishna; Prasad, Dilip K. (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      Detecting and analyzing nanoscale motion patterns of vesicles, smaller than the microscope resolution (~250 nm), inside living biological cells is a challenging problem. State-of-the-art CV approaches based on detection, tracking, optical flow or deep learning perform poorly for this problem. We propose an integrative approach, built upon physics based simulations, nanoscopy algorithms, and shallow ...
    • Mare Nullius or Mare Suum? Using Ethnography to Debate Rights to Marine Resources in Coastal Sámi Communities of Troms 

      Tsiouvalas, Apostolos (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      While legal progress on indigenous land claims has recently been fostered around the globe, sea claims still lag behind. Since the beginning of colonization, the doctrine of mare nullius declared seas vacant of indigenous tenure or authority and led to the establishment of sovereign State jurisdiction over offshore areas, and more recently to the characterization of the living resources in these ...
    • More Disputes ahead for the CLCS? CLCS Practice on Rule 46 of Its Rules of Procedure 

      Busch, Signe Veierud (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      When the provisions on the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) were negotiated during the Third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), its role in relation to disputes was only vaguely described in the Convention text.2 To implement and operationalize its obligations and mandate provided in article 76(8) of and Annex II to the United Nations Convention on the Law of ...
    • The synthetic perfect from Indo-Iranian to Late Vedic 

      Dahl, Eystein (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      This paper outlines the origin and development of the synthetic Perfect from Indo-Iranian, the reconstructed common ancestral stage of the Iranian and Indo-Aryan languages, to Vedic, the oldest attested stage of Old Indo-Aryan. Comparative evidence from Old Iranian, Homeric Greek and a number of other Indo-European languages shows that this morphological category ultimately stems from Proto-Indo-European. ...
    • Ultrasonic imaging as a means of monitoring gonadal development in lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) 

      Mlingi, Frank Thomas; Puvanendran, Velmurugu; Burgerhout, Erik; Tveiten, Helge; Tomkiewicz, Jonna; Kjørsvik, Elin; Mommens, Maren (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-09-21)
      The commercial farming of juvenile lumpfish requires monitoring of gonadal development to achieve synchronized production. Conventional methods such as gonadosomatic index (GSI), sex hormone analyses, gonadal histology, endoscopy, and gene expression analyses are costly, invasive, and often involve sacrificing the fish. We assessed the efficiency of ultrasound as a non-invasive method for monitoring ...
    • Long-term herbivore removal experiments reveal how geese and reindeer shape vegetation and ecosystem CO2-fluxes in high-Arctic tundra 

      Petit Bon, Matteo; Hansen, Brage Bremset; Loonen, M. J. J. E; Petraglia, Alessandro; Bråthen, Kari Anne; Böhner, Hanna; Layton-Matthews, Kate; Beard, Karen H.; Le Moullec, Mathilde; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg Svala; Van der Wal, René (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-09-23)
      1. Given the current rates of climate change, with associated shifts in herbivore population densities, understanding the role of different herbivores in ecosystem functioning is critical for predicting ecosystem responses. Here, we examined how migratory geese and resident, non-migratory reindeer—two dominating yet functionally contrasting herbivores—control vegetation and ecosystem processes in ...
    • Health care professionals’ caretaking of persons with dementia who use dietary supplements 

      Risvoll, Hilde (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-10-12)
      Persons with dementia experience progressive loss of cognitive functioning and increasing need for help with activities of daily living, including help with administering their prescribed drugs (PD). This thesis describes the use of dietary supplements (DS) (including herbs) by persons with dementia and the risk related to their use, as DS may cause adverse effects. It further describes the awareness ...
    • The diachrony of ditransitives in Vedic Sanskrit 

      Dahl, Eystein (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      Indo-Iranian in general and Old Indo-Aryan in particular is usually regarded as a morphosyntactically rather conservative branch of the Indo-European linguistic family. However, recent work (e.g. Cotticelli and Dahl Forthcoming) demonstrates that Early Vedic, the oldest attested variety of Old Indo-Aryan, shows a number of important innovations in its alignment system, including the establishing of ...
    • Marine Micro- and Macroalgae in the Polar Night 

      Johnsen, Geir; Leu, Eva; Gradinger, Rolf (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      Microalgae have unique adaptions including low metabolic activity, utilization of lipid storage, and resting stage formation to survive the Polar Night. Some species are mixotrophic or heterotrophic and do survive periods that are not favorable for photosynthetic (autotrophic) growth, such as the Polar Night. In addi- tion, the autotrophic and mixotrophic species seem to maintain the key components ...
    • Trapped in the TAC Machine: Making a Fisheries-Based Indicator System for Coastal Cod in Steigen, Norway 

      Holm, Petter; Aglen, Asgeir; Bjørkan, Maiken; Andersen, Jan (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      The GAP project is concerned with the lack of stakeholder participation in providing knowledge for management. This creates a legitimacy problem as the fishermen do not get to share the knowledge basis for and justification of management decisions. In addition, fishermen’s experience-based knowledge remains unused. GAP intends to bridge the legitimacy and knowledge gaps, finding practical ways for ...
    • Menneskets "her" 

      Greve, Anniken (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      Refleksjonen over stedet slik vi møter den hos Christian Norberg-Schulz, er nært knyttet til en refleksjon over mennesket. Denne filosofisk-antropologiske dimensjonen kan være litt skjult i mye av det andre han snakker om: sted, arkitekturhistorie, byggeskikker, stilhistorie. Så kan man spørre: Hvorfor er forståelsen av mennesket så vesentlig for forståelsen av byggekunsten og arkitektens virksomhet? ...
    • On the View of 'the Other' - Abroad and At Home: The Geography and Peoples of the Far North, According to Historia Norwegie 

      Hansen, Lars Ivar (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      In this discussion I want to focus the spotlight on what Historia Norwegiae (hereafter H.N.) reports on relations in the Far North, on the Sámi and on the interaction between Norwegians and Sámi, as well as additional peoples further to the east in the North Calotte.2 I shall concentrate on a summary of the peoples who were perceived, to a greater or lesser extent, as standing outside the Norse, ...
    • Imagination and Reality in Sami Fantasy 

      Fredriksen, Lill Tove (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020)
      What is imagined and what is real? These are relevant questions in the fantasy novel Ilmmiid gaskkas (2013), written by Sami author Máret Ánne Sara and translated into English by Laura A. Janda as In Between Worlds (2016). The narrative depicts parallel stories, set above and below ground, and highlights an imbalance between our world on earth and that of our neighbours, the ulda-people in the ...