Ethnic difference in the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus in regions with Sami and non-Sami populations in Norway – The SAMINOR1 study
Objective - The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus in rural populations of Norway, as well as to explore potential ethnic disparities with respect to dysglycaemia in Sami and non-Sami populations.
Design - Cross-sectional population-based study.
Methods - The SAMINOR1 study was performed in 20032004. The study took place in regions with both
Sami and non-Sami populations and had a response rate of 60.9%. Information in the SAMINOR1 study
was collected using two self-administered questionnaires, clinical examination and laboratory tests. The
present analysis included 15,208 men and women aged 3679 years from the SAMINOR1 study.
Results - Age-standardised prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus among Sami men was 3.4 and 5.5%, respectively. Corresponding values for non-Sami men were 3.3 and 4.6%. Age-standardised prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus for Sami women was 2.7 and 4.8%, respectively, while corresponding values for non-Sami women were 2.3 and 4.5%. Relative risk ratios for dysglycaemia among Sami participants compared with non-Sami participants were significantly different in different geographical regions, with the southern region having the highest prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus among Sami participants.
Conclusion - We observed a heterogeneity in the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus in different geographical regions both within and between different ethnic groups.