An examination of the language construct in NIMH's research domain criteria: Time for reconceptualization!
ForfatterElvevåg, Brita; Cohen, Alex S.; Wolters, Maria K.; Whalley, Heather C.; Gountouna, Viktoria-Eleni; Kuznetsova, Ksenia A.; Watson, Andrew R.; Nicodemus, Kristin K.
The National Institute of Mental Health’s Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) Initiative “calls for the development of new ways of classifying psychopathology based on dimensions of observable behavior.” As aresult of this ambitious initiative, language has been identifi d as an independent construct in the RDoC matrix. In this article, we frame language within an evolutionary and neuro- psychological context and discuss some of the limitations to the current measurements of language. Findings from genomics and the neuroimaging of performance during language tasks are dis- cussed in relation to serious mental illness and within the context of caveats regarding measuring language. Indeed, the data collec- tion and analysis methods employed to assay language have been both aided and constrained by the available technologies, methodologies, and conceptual defi Consequently, differ- ent fields of language research show inconsistent defi s of language that have become increasingly broad over time. Individ- ually, they have also shown significant improvements in conceptual resolution, aswell as inexperimental and analytic techniques. More recently, language research has embraced collaborations across disciplines, notably neuroscience, cognitive science, and computa- tional linguistics and has ultimately re-defi classical ideas of language. As we move forward, the new models of language with their remarkably multifaceted constructs force a re-examination of the NIMH RDoC conceptualization of language and thus the neuroscience and genetics underlying this concept.
Published version. Source at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.b.32438