Anticausatives are semantically reflexive in Norwegian but not in English
In this paper we will discuss cross-linguistic variation in semantic entailment patterns in causa- tive alternations. Previous work has probed this issue with data from elicited semantic judge- ments on paired linguistic forms, often involving linguistic negation and contradiction. We contribute to the debate in the form of a related psycholinguistic experiment that taps into direct judgements of truth conditions based on visualized scenarios. The stimulus consisted of video sequences of agents causing events, and the task involved answering a Yes-No question based on the anticausative/inchoative alternant. We were therefore able to test two languages, Norwegian and English, with the very same stimuli and directly compare the judgements. Based on our results, we will argue that the causative alternation is qualitatively different in the two languages. More specifically, the results support an entailment relation between the causative and its anticausative counterpart in English, as predicted by the whole class of “causer-less” analyses (Levin & Rappaport Hovav 1995; Ramchand 2008; Reinhart & Siloni 2005) in the litera- ture. In contrast to this, our results support a reflexive analysis of antica rwegian (Chierchia 2004; Koontz-Garboden 2009), where no such entailment holds.
Published version. Source at http://doi.org/10.5334/gjgl.158