Hypoxia and hypotension in patients intubated by physician staffed helicopter emergency medical services - a prospective observational multi-centre study
ForfatterSunde, Geir Arne; Sandberg, Mårten; Lyon, Richard; Fredriksen, Knut; Burns, Brian; Hufthammer, Karl Ove; Røislien, Jo; Sóti, Ákos; Jäntti, Helena; Lockey, David; Heltne, Jon-Kenneth; Sollid, Stephen J. M.
The effective treatment of airway compromise in trauma and non-trauma patients is important. Hypoxia and hypotension are predictors of negative patient outcomes and increased mortality, and may be important quality indicators of care provided by emergency medical services. Excluding cardiac arrests, critical trauma and non-trauma patients remain the two major groups to which helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are dispatched. Several studies describe the impact of pre-hospital hypoxia or hypotension on trauma patients, but few studies compare this in trauma and non-trauma patients. The primary aim was to describe the incidence of pre-hospital hypoxia and hypotension in the two groups receiving pre-hospital tracheal intubation (TI) by physician-staffed HEMS.