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dc.contributor.advisorWaaseth, Marit
dc.contributor.advisorBjørnerem, Åshild
dc.contributor.advisorEggen, Anne Elise
dc.contributor.authorFouad, Mahmood
dc.date.accessioned2018-03-15T09:04:27Z
dc.date.available2018-03-15T09:04:27Z
dc.date.issued2017-05-15
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Osteoporosis is characterized by decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and is a risk factor for hip, wrist, and vertebral fractures. Fragility fractures lead to increased mortality, morbidity, pain, immobility, social isolation and depression, which all may affect the quality of life (QoL). Use of anti-osteoporotic drugs (AOD) reduces the risk of fractures and may influence QoL. Objective: To investigate a potential association between AOD use and QoL among women and men with osteoporosis. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of The Tromsø Study (Tromsø 6). The 12984 study participants were inhabitants in Tromsø aged ≥ 50 years who had osteoporosis, defined by T-score for BMD <-2.5 or from -2.5 to -1.6 combined with prior fracture (n=544). In multivariable linear regression analysis, QoL scores (EQ-5D 3L) was the dependent variable, AOD was independent variable, and adjusted for the covariates age, sex, height, weight, education prior fracture and other diseases. Results: The mean QoL score was 0.68 (SD=0.28) in 54 participants using AOD and 0.82 (SD=0.18) in 424 participants not using AOD. The QoL was inversely associated with use of AOD (B=-0.116, p=0.002) after adjusting for covariates. Conclusion: Persons with osteoporosis who were using AOD had significantly lower QoL compared to the AOD non-users. Confounding by severity or awareness of disease could be a problem, as not all participants knew they had osteoporosis.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10037/12337
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherUiT Norges arktiske universiteten_US
dc.publisherUiT The Arctic University of Norwayen_US
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2017 The Author(s)
dc.subject.courseIDFAR-3911
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Samfunnsfarmasi: 812en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medical disciplines: 700::Health sciences: 800::Community pharmacy: 812en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Andre helsefag: 829en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medical disciplines: 700::Health sciences: 800::Other health science disciplines: 829en_US
dc.titleAnti-osteoporotic drug use and quality of life in persons with osteoporosis – The Tromsø Studyen_US
dc.typeMaster thesisen_US
dc.typeMastergradsoppgaveen_US


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