Dissemination and Characteristics of a Novel Plasmid-Encoded Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing Class D β-Lactamase, OXA-436, Found in Isolates from Four Patients Involving Six Different Hospitals in Denmark.
ForfatterSamuelsen, Ørjan; Hansen, Frank; Aasnæs, Bettina; Hasman, Henrik; Lund, Bjarte Aarmo; Leiros, Hanna-Kirsti S.; Lilje, Berit; Janice, Jessin; Jakobsen, Lotte; Littauer, Pia; Søes, Lillian M; Holzknecht, Barbara J.; Andersen, Leif P; Stegger, Marc; Andersen, Paal S.; Hammerum, Anette M.
The diversity of OXA-48-like carbapenemases are continually expanding. In this study, we describe the dissemination and characteristics of a novel class D carbapenemase (CHDL) named OXA-436. In total, six OXA-436-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates including Enterobacter asburiae (n=3), Citrobacter freundii (n=2) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=1) were identified in four patients in the period between September 2013 and April 2015. One patient carried all three species of OXA-436-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Epidemiological investigation revealed extensive patient transfer between hospitals and the involvement of six hospitals altogether. The amino acid sequence of OXA-436 showed 90.4-92.8% identity to other acquired OXA-48-like variants. Expression of OXA-436 in Escherichia coli and kinetic analysis of purified OXA-436 revealed an activity profile similar to OXA-48 and OXA-181 with activity against penicillins including temocillin, limited or no activity against extended-spectrum cephalosporins and activity against carbapenems. The blaOXA-436 gene was located on a conjugative ~314 kb IncHI2/IncHI2A plasmid belonging to pMLST ST1, in a sequence region surrounded by chromosomal genes previously identified adjacent to blaOXA-genes in Shewanella spp. In conclusion, OXA-436 is a novel CHDL with similar functional properties as OXA-48-like CHDLs. The described geographical spread among different Enterobacteriaceae and plasmid location of blaOXA-436 illustrates its potential of further dissemination.
Source at http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01260-17 .