• 3T3 cell lines stably expressing Pax6 or Pax6(5a): a new tool used for identification of common and isoform specific target genes. 

      Kiselev, Yury; Eriksen, Tonje Engevik; Forsdahl, Siri; Nguyen, Lan Huong Thi; Mikkola, Ingvild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Pax6 and Pax6(5a) are two isoforms of the evolutionary conserved Pax6 gene often co-expressed in specific stochiometric relationship in the brain and the eye during development. The Pax6(5a) protein differs from Pax6 by having a 14 amino acid insert in the paired domain, causing the two proteins to have different DNA binding specificities. Difference in functions during development is proven by the ...
    • An Acylation-Finkelstein Approach to Radioiodination of Bioactives: The Role of Amide Group Anchimeric Assistance 

      Fjellaksel, Richard; Dugalic, Damir; Demissie, Taye Beyene; Riss, Patrick; Hjelstuen, Ole Kristian; Sundset, Rune; Hansen, Jørn H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-28)
      Herein, we report a straightforward sequential acylation‐Finkelstein approach to achieve iodination of amine containing bioactives. The utility was demonstrated by successful radiolabelling with <sup>123</sup>I in high radiochemical yield. Moreover, microwave‐assisted Finkelstein reaction can be employed to enhance conversion and reaction rates to obtain the desired iodides. The method is of interest ...
    • Aerobic treatment of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in landfill leachate 

      Bergersen, Ove; Østnes Hanssen, Kine; Vasskog, Terje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-28)
      Background: Pharmaceuticals used in human medical care are not completely eliminated in the human body and can enter the municipal sewage sludge system and leachate water from landfill both as the parent compound and as their biologically active metabolites. The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have a large potential for unwanted effects on nontarget organisms in the environment. ...
    • Amphipathic β2,2-Amino Acid Derivatives Suppress Infectivity and Disrupt the Intracellular Replication Cycle of Chlamydia Pneumoniae 

      Hanski, Leena; Ausbacher, Dominik; Tiirola, Terttu; Strøm, Morten B.; Vuorela, Pia M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-09)
      We demonstrate in the current work that small cationic antimicrobial β2,2-amino acid derivatives (Mw < 500 Da) are highly potent against Chlamydia pneumoniae at clinical relevant concentrations (< 5 μM, i.e. < 3.4 μg/mL). C. pneumoniae is an atypical respiratory pathogen associated with frequent treatment failures and persistent infections. This gram-negative bacterium has a biphasic life cycle ...
    • Analysis of Bottlenecks in Experimental Models of Infection 

      Abel, Sören; Schulz Zur Wiesch, Pia; Davis, Brigid M.; Waldor, Matthew K. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-11)
    • Anti-angiogenic therapy affects the relationship between tumor vascular structure and function: a correlation study between micro-CT angiography and DCE-MRI 

      Kim, Eugene; Cebulla, Jana; Mælandsmo, Gunhild; Johansen, Berit; Moestue, Siver Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-25)
      Purpose: To compare the effects of two anti-angiogenic drugs, bevacizumab and a cytosolic phospholipase A2-α inhibitor (AVX235), on the relationship between vascular structure and dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE)-MRI measurements in a patient-derived breast cancer xenograft model. Methods: Mice bearing MAS98.12 tumors were randomized into three groups: bevacizumab-treated (n=9), AVX235-treated ...
    • Anti-vascular effects of the cytosolic phospholipase A2 inhibitor AVX235 in a patient-derived basal-like breast cancer model 

      Kim, Eugene; Tunset, Hanna Maja; Cebulla, Jana; Vettukattil, Muhammad Riyas; Helgesen, Heidi; Feuerherm, Astrid Jullumstrø; Engebråten, Olav; Mælandsmo, Gunhild; Johansen, Berit; Moestue, Siver Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-07)
      <b>Background</b> <br> Group IVA cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2α) plays an important role in tumorigenesis and angiogenesis. It is overexpressed in basal-like breast cancer (BLBC), which is aggressive and usually triple-negative, making it unresponsive to current targeted therapies. Here, we evaluated the anti-angiogenic effects of a specific cPLA2α inhibitor, AVX235, in a patient-derived ...
    • Antibiotic delivery by liposomes from prokaryotic microorganisms: Similia cum similis works better 

      Colzi, Ilaria; Troyan, Anna N.; Perito, Brunella; Casalone, Enrico; Romoli, Riccardo; Pieraccini, Giuseppe; Skalko-Basnet, Natasa; Adessi, Alessandra; Rossi, Federico; Gonnelli, Cristina; Ristori, Sandra (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed; Manuskript, 2015-06-25)
      To date the effectiveness of antibiotics is undermined by microbial resistance, threatening public health worldwide. Enhancing the efficacy of the current antibiotic arsenal is an alternative strategy. The administration of antimicrobials encapsulated in nanocarriers, such as liposomes, is considered a viable option, though with some drawbacks related to limited affinity between conventional liposomes ...
    • Antibiotikaresistens - kunnskapshull, utfordringer og aktuelle tiltak. Rapport fra tverrsektoriell ekspertgruppe 

      Steinbakk, Martin; Sunde, Marianne; Urdal, Anne Margrete; Barkbu, Kjersti Nilsen; Sørum, Henning; Lunestad, Bjørn Tore; Bonhorst, Janne Øvrebø; Nielsen, Kaare Magne; Lindbæk, Morten; Bjørnholt, Jørgen (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2014)
    • Are ready for Market Genetically Modified, Conventional and Organic Soybeans Substantially Equivalent as Food and Feed? 

      Bøhn, Thomas; Cuhra, Marek; Traavik, Terje; Fagan, John (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2015)
      Important compositional elements, including residues of herbicides, were investigated in commercial soy varieties grown within the same geographical area. These included genetically modified, conventional and organic soybeans. Feed made from these soybeans was subsequently fed to the model organism Daphnia magna, while measuring the fitness performance (survival, growth and reproduction) during the ...
    • Aspects of statin prescribing in Norwegian counties with high, average and low statin consumption : an individual-level prescription database study 

      Sakshaug, Solveig; Hartz, Ingeborg; Furu, Kari; Skurtveit, Svetlana; Engeland, Anders; Eggen, Anne Elise; Njølstad, Inger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-12-05)
      Background: A previous study has shown that variations in threshold and intensity (lipid goal attainment) of statins for primary prevention contribute to regional differences in overall consumption of statins in Norway. Our objective was to explore how differences in prevalences of use, dosing characteristics, choice of statin and continuity of therapy in individual patients adds new information ...
    • Assessing the probability of detection of horizontal gene transfer events in bacterial populations 

      Townsend, Jeffrey P.; Bøhn, Thomas; Nielsen, Kaare Magne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Experimental approaches to identify horizontal gene transfer (HGT) events of non-mobile DNA in bacteria have typically relied on detection of the initial transformants or their immediate offspring. However, rare HGT events occurring in large and structured populations are unlikely to be detected in a short time frame. Population genetic modeling of the growth dynamics of bacterial genotypes is ...
    • An audit and feedback intervention study increased adherence to antibiotic prescribing guidelines at a Norwegian hospital 

      Høgli, June Utnes; Garcia, Beate Hennie; Skjold, frode; Skogen, Vegard; Småbrekke, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-02-27)
      Background:<br> Appropriate antibiotic prescribing is associated with favourable levels of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and clinical outcomes. Most intervention studies on antibiotic prescribing originate from settings with high level of AMR. In a Norwegian hospital setting with low level of AMR, the literature on interventions for promoting guideline-recommended antibiotic prescribing in ...
    • Bacillus anthracis gamma phage lysis among soil bacteria: An update on test specificity 

      Kolton, Cari B; Podnecky, Nicole L.; Shadomy, Sean V; Gee, Jay E; Hoffmaster, Alex R (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-16)
      Background: <br> Bacillus anthracis, which causes anthrax in humans and animals, is enzootic in parts of the U.S. state of Texas where cases are typically reported in animals annually. The gamma phage lysis assay is a common diagnostic method for identifcation of B. anthracis and is based on the bacterium’s susceptibility to lysis. This test has been shown to be 97% specifc for B. anthracis, as ...
    • Bacterial diversity in faeces from polar bear (Ursus maritimus) in Arctic Svalbard 

      Brusetti, Lorenzo; Glad, Trine; Bernhardsen, Pål; Aars, Jon; Nielsen, Kaare Magne; Andersen, Magnus; Sundset, Monica Alterskjær (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      Background Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are major predators in the Arctic marine ecosystem, feeding mainly on seals, and living closely associated with sea ice. Little is known of their gut microbial ecology and the main purpose of this study was to investigate the microbial diversity in faeces of polar bears in Svalbard, Norway (74-81 degrees N, 10-33 degrees E). In addition the level of blaTEM ...
    • Bioadhesive Mini-Tablets for Vaginal Drug Delivery 

      Hiorth, Marianne; Nilsen, Susanne; Tho, Ingunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-08-27)
    • Biomimetic PVPA in vitro model for estimation of the intestinal drug permeability using fasted and fed state simulated intestinal fluids 

      Naderkhani, Elenaz; Vasskog, Terje; Flaten, Gøril Eide (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-20)
      A prerequisite for successful oral drug therapy is the drug’s ability to cross the gastrointestinal barrier. Considering the increasing number of new chemical entities in modern drug discovery, reliable and fast in vitro models are required for early and efficient prediction of intestinal permeability. To mimic the intestinal environment, use of biorelevant media may provide valuable information ...
    • Ceramide-containing liposomes with doxorubicin: time and cell-dependent effect of C6 and C12 ceramide 

      Øverbye, Anders; Holsæter, Ann Mari; Fusser, Markus; Skalko-Basnet, Natasa; Iversen, Tore Geir; Torgersen, Maria Lyngaas; Sønstevold, Tonje; Engebråten, Olav; Flatmark, Kjersti; Mælandsmo, Gunhild; Skotland, Tore; Sandvig, Kirsten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-12)
      Doxorubicin, a widely used chemotherapeutic drug, has several potential high- risk side effects including cardiomyopathy. Furthermore, cellular resistance to this drug develops with time. By using liposomes as carrier vesicles both the side effects and drug resistance might be avoided. In this study we have investigated the cytotoxic effect of doxorubicin encapsulated in liposomes with and ...
    • Characterization and Cytotoxicity Studies of the Rare 21:4 n-7 Acid and Other Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids from the Marine Opisthobranch Scaphander lignarius, Isolated Using Bioassay Guided Fractionation 

      Vasskog, Terje; Andersen, Jeanette hammer; Hansen, Espen; Svenson, Johan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The marine opisthobranch Scaphander lignarius has been analyzed in the systematic search for novel bioactive compounds in Arctic marine organisms using bioassay guided fractionation. A number of highly cytotoxic fractions were shown to contain mainly polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Selected PUFAs were isolated and identified using both liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and nuclear ...
    • Characterization of extracellular polymeric matrix, and treatment of Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms with DNase I and proteinase K 

      Mohammed, Marwan; Nerland, Audun Helge; Al-Haroni, Mohammed; Bakken, Vidar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: Biofilms are organized communities of microorganisms embedded in a self-produced extracellular polymeric matrix (EPM), often with great phylogenetic variety. Bacteria in the subgingival biofilm are key factors that cause periodontal diseases; among these are the Gram-negative bacteria Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis. The objectives of this study were to characterize ...