Influence of a New “Call-Out Algorithm” for Management of Postoperative Pain and Its Side Effects on Length of Stay in Hospital: A Two-Centre Prospective Randomized Trial
ForfatterDybvik, Lisa; Skraastad, Erlend Johan; Yeltayeva, Aigerim; Konkayev, Aidos; Musaeva, Tatiana; Zabolotskikh, Igor; Bjertnaes, Lars J.; Dahl, Vegard; Ræder, Johan; Kuklin, Vladimir
Background. We recently introduced the efficacy safety score (ESS) as a new “call-out algorithm” for management of postoperative pain and side effects. In this study, we report the influence of ESS recorded hourly during the first 8 hours after surgery on the mobility degree, postoperative nonsurgical complications, and length of hospital stay (LOS). Methods. We randomized 1152 surgical patients into three groups for postoperative observation: (1) ESS group (𝑛�� = 409), (2) Verbal Numeric Rate Scale (VNRS) for pain group (𝑛�� = 417), and (3) an ordinary qualitative observation (Control) group (𝑛�� = 326). An ESS > 10 or VNRS > 4 at rest or a nurse’s observation of pain or adverse reaction to analgesic treatment in the Control group served as a “call-out alarm” for an anaesthesiologist. Results. We found no significant differences in the mobility degree and number of postoperative nonsurgical complications between the groups. LOS was significantly shorter with 12.7±6.3 days (mean ± SD) in the ESS group versus 14.2±6.2 days in the Control group (𝑃�� < 0.001). Conclusion. Postoperative ESS recording in combination with the possibility to call upon an anaesthesiologist when exceeding the threshold score might have contributed to the reductions of LOS in this two-centre study.
Source at: http://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9431984