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dc.contributor.authorDrenowatz, Clemens
dc.contributor.authorHoltet Evensen, Line
dc.contributor.authorErnstsen, Linda
dc.contributor.authorBlundell, John E.
dc.contributor.authorHand, Gregory A.
dc.contributor.authorShook, Robin P.
dc.contributor.authorHébert, James R.
dc.contributor.authorBurgess, Stephanie
dc.contributor.authorBlair, Steven N.
dc.date.accessioned2018-07-05T11:37:03Z
dc.date.available2018-07-05T11:37:03Z
dc.date.embargoEndDate2019-11-01
dc.date.issued2017-11-01
dc.description.abstract<b>Introduction:</b><br> An increase in energy intake due to alterations in hedonic appetite sensations may, at least in part, contribute to lower-than-expected weight loss in exercise interventions. The aim of this study was to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between habitual exercise participation and food cravings in free-living young adults. <br><b>Methods:</b></br> A total of 417 adults (49% male, 28±4 years) reported frequency and duration of walking, aerobic exercise, resistance exercise and other exercise at baseline and every 3 months over a 12-month period. Food cravings were assessed via the Control of EatingQuestionnaire at baseline and 12-month follow-up. <br><b>Results:</b><br> Cross-sectional analyses revealed more frequent cravings for chocolate and a greater difficulty to resist food cravings in women compared to men (p<0.01). Only with resistance exercise significant sex by exercise interaction effects were observed with favorable responses in men but not in women. Significant main effects were shown for walking and aerobic exercise with exercisers reporting more frequent food cravings for chocolate and fruits and greater difficulty to resist eating compared to non-exercisers (p<0.05). Longitudinal analyses revealed significant interaction effects for other exercise (p<0.05) with favorable results in men but not women. Furthermore, significant main effects were observed for aerobic exercise, resistance exercise and total exercise with an increase in exercise being associated with a reduced difficulty to resist food cravings (p<0.05). <br><b>Discussion:</b><br> The association between exercise participation and hedonic appetite sensations varies by exercise type and sex. Even though exercise was associated with more frequent and greater difficulty to food cravings in the cross-sectional analyses, which may be attributed to greater energy demands, longitudinal results indicate beneficial effects of increased exercise on appetite control, particularly in men.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe Coca-Cola Companyen_US
dc.descriptionAccepted manuscript version, licensed <a href=http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/> CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. </a> Published version available at: <a href=http://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.08.006> http://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.08.006 </a>en_US
dc.identifier.citationDrenowatz, C., Holtet Evensen, L., Ernstsen, L., Blundell, J. E., Hand, G. A., Shook, R. P. Hébert, J. R., ... Blair, S. N. (2017). Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between different exercise types and food cravings in free-living healthy young adults. Appetite, 118, 82-89. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.08.006en_US
dc.identifier.issn0195-6663
dc.identifier.issn1095-8304
dc.identifier.otherFRIDAID 1488015
dc.identifier.other10.1016/j.appet.2017.08.006
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10037/13159
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.journalAppetite
dc.rights.accessRightsembargoedAccessen_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Ernæring: 811en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medical disciplines: 700::Health sciences: 800::Nutrition: 811en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Forebyggende medisin: 804en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medical disciplines: 700::Health sciences: 800::Preventive medicine: 804en_US
dc.titleCross-sectional and longitudinal associations between different exercise types and food cravings in free-living healthy young adultsen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typeTidsskriftartikkelen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US


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