Community violence exposure and substance use: cross‑cultural and gender perspectives
AuthorLöfving‑Gupta, Sandra; Willebrand, Mimmie; Koposov, Roman A; Blatný, Marek; Hrdlička, Michal; Schwab‑Stone, Mary; Ruchkin, Vladislav
The negative effects of community violence exposure on child and adolescent mental health are well documented and exposure to community violence has been linked both to a number of internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Our aim was, therefore, to investigate cross-cultural and gender differences in the relationship between community violence exposure and substance abuse. A self-report survey was conducted among 10,575, 12–18 year old adolescents in three different countries, Czech Republic (N = 4537), Russia (N = 2377) and US (N = 3661). We found that in all three countries both substance use and problem behavior associated with it increased similarly along with severity of violence exposure and this association was not gender-specific. It was concluded that in spite of the differences in the levels of violence exposure and substance use cross-culturally and by gender, the pattern of their association is neither culturally nor gender bound.
Source at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-017-1097-5.