Now showing items 1-20 of 125

    • A 12-month follow-up of a transdiagnostic indicated prevention of internalizing symptoms in school-aged children: The results from the EMOTION study. 

      Løvaas, Mona Elisabeth S; Lydersen, Stian; Sund, Anne Mari; Neumer, Simon-Peter; Martinsen, Kristin Dagmar; Holen, Solveig; Patras, Joshua; Rasmussen, Lene-Mari Potulski; Adolfsen, Frode; Reinfjell, Trude (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-22)
      <i>Background</i> - Anxious and depressive symptoms in youth are highly prevalent, are often comorbid and have a high rate of relapse. Preventive interventions are promising, but follow-up results are lacking. The transdiagnostic EMOTION program is an indicated preventive cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention targeting children aged 8–12 years.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - The present study ...
    • Active and passive forms of destructive leadership in a military context: a systematic review and meta-analysis 

      Fosse, Thomas Hol; Skogstad, Anders; Einarsen, Ståle; Martinussen, Monica (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-02)
      Since the turn of the millennium, a growing academic interest has emerged regarding the dark side of leadership, both in general and specific contexts. Characteristics of military organisations may either reduce or exaggerate the prevalence and impact of destructive leadership. It is therefore pertinent to explore antecedents and outcomes of destructive leadership in the military context as compared ...
    • Associations Between Sleep Patterns and Performance Development Among Norwegian Chess Players 

      Moen, Frode; Hrozanova, Maria; Olsen, Maja (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-28)
      An inherent part of elite-level chess are high emotional and cognitive stress loads related to performance development. Sleep is a crucial recovery strategy, previously implicated in athletic performance. The main purpose of the current study was to investigate the associations between performance development and objectively measured sleep in a sample of 14 Norwegian chess players over a period of ...
    • Å medvirke når barnevernet undersøker. En studie av barn og foreldres medvirkning i barnevernets undersøkelsesarbeid 

      Havnen, Karen J Skaale; Christiansen, Øivin; Ljones, Eirinn Hesvik; Lauritzen, Camilla; Paulsen, Veronika; Jarlby, Frederikke; Vis, Svein Arild (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2020-04)
      Dette er den femte delrapporten fra prosjektet «Barnevernets undersøkelsesarbeid – fra bekymring til beslutning». Denne delrapporten dreier seg om barn og foreldres medvirkning i barnevernets undersøkelsesarbeid. Problemstillingene belyses ved hjelp av kvantitative og kvalitative data fra 1123 undersøkelsessaker, samt intervjuer med barn, foreldre og kontaktpersoner i 12 saker. Intervjuene følger ...
    • Barn med psykisk syke foreldre: Behov for nye rutiner og bedre implemen­terings­strategier 

      Reedtz, Charlotte; Lauritzen, Camilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-05-30)
      According to new Norwegian laws, mental health care for adults are obligated to assess all patients who are parents and to act on their children’s needs. This article outlines results from earlier publications in an ongoing study; a research project designed to evaluate the process of changes in clinical practice due to the implementation of new interventions for children of patients in a large ...
    • Barn som pårørende anno 2018 

      Lauritzen, Camilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-04)
      <p><i>Introduction</i>: Psykisk helsearbeid med voksne pasienter må også handle om barna deres. Det høres så enkelt ut – hvorfor er det ikke det?</p> <p>Jeg har jobbet med temaet barn som pårørende i tiår nå. I løpet av de ti årene har det skjedd mye, og samtidig ganske lite. La meg starte med å si litt om hva vi mener med barn som pårørende. Dersom du har jobbet i helsesektoren i de siste årene, ...
    • Behandling av utagerende ungdommer på barnevernsinstitusjoner 2 år etter inntak – evaluering av behandlingsmodellen MultifunC 

      Fossum, Sturla; Babaii, Aida; Handegård, Bjørn Helge (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2018)
      Studien viser at MultifunC-behandling er kortere enn andre behandlingstiltak på barnevernsinstitusjoner og at flere av ungdommene var hjemme igjen ett år etter inntak på institusjonene. Tross forskjellen i behandlingstid var det ingen forskjeller i bruk av rusmidler, utagerende og regelbrytende atferd. Det var gunstige reduksjoner i denne typen atferd i begge behandlingstypene som ble sammenlignet. ...
    • Child responsible personnel in adult mental health services 

      Lauritzen, Camilla; Reedtz, Charlotte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-05)
      <b>Background</b> <br> Children who have parents with mental health problems are a vulnerable group. Intervening early to support parents with a mental illness can contribute to improve outcomes for children. Rigging the adult mental health system in such a manner that child responsible personnel are designated in wards is a strategy to systematically address the needs of families. It has since ...
    • Childhood violence and adult chronic pain among indigenous Sami and non-Sami populations in Norway: a SAMINOR 2 questionnaire study 

      Eriksen, Astrid M.A.; Schei, Berit; Hansen, Ketil Lenert; Sørlie, Tore; Fleten, Nils; Javo, Cecilie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-31)
      Background: Internationally, studies have shown that childhood violence is associated with chronic pain in adulthood. However, to date, this relationship has not been examined in any indigenous population. <p> Objective: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the association between childhood violence and reported chronic pain, number of pain sites and the intensity of pain in ...
    • Children and families seeking asylum in Northern Norway : living conditions and mental health 

      Lauritzen, Camilla; Sivertsen, Hilde Buvik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The mental health of children seeking asylum and their families is a somewhat neglected area of research. Research on refugee children and children living with adversities suggests that environmental factors are crucial in preventing mental health problems. This study aims at identifying central environmental conditions that affect the mental health of children living with their families at governmental ...
    • Children’s relationships with birth parents in childhood and adulthood: A qualitative longitudinal study of kinship care 

      Skoglund, Jeanette; Thørnblad, Renee; Holtan, Amy (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-27)
      The topic of interest in this paper is the relationship between children who live in kinship care and their birth parents – through childhood and adulthood. The focus is on what <i>meaning</i> and <i>content</i> children themselves ascribe to such relationships and how this changes over time. To explore this question, we draw on a qualitative longitudinal data set, in which children who grew up in ...
    • Co-Occurring Change in Children’s Conduct Problems and Maternal Depression: Latent Class Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis of the Incredible Years Parenting Program 

      Leijten, Patty; Gardner, Frances; Melendez-Torres, G. J; Weeland, J; Hutchings, J; Landau, Sabine; Mcgilloway, Sinead; Overbeek, Geertjan; van Aar, J; Menting, A; Orobio de Castro, B; Berry, V; Gaspar, Maria Filomena; Axberg, Ulf; Mørch, Willy-Tore; Scott, S (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-02)
      Children vary in the extent to which they benefit from parenting programs for conduct problems. How does parental mental health change if children benefit less or more? We assessed whether changes in conduct problems and maternal depressive symptoms co-occur following participation in the Incredible Years parenting program. We integrated individual participant data from 10 randomized trials (<i>N</i> ...
    • Community violence exposure and substance use: cross‑cultural and gender perspectives 

      Löfving‑Gupta, Sandra; Willebrand, Mimmie; Koposov, Roman A; Blatný, Marek; Hrdlička, Michal; Schwab‑Stone, Mary; Ruchkin, Vladislav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-20)
      The negative effects of community violence exposure on child and adolescent mental health are well documented and exposure to community violence has been linked both to a number of internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Our aim was, therefore, to investigate cross-cultural and gender differences in the relationship between community violence exposure and substance abuse. A self-report survey was ...
    • The comorbidity of personality disorders in eating disorders: a meta-analysis 

      Martinussen, Monica; Friborg, Oddgeir; Schmierer, Phoebe; Kaiser, Sabine; Øvergård, Karl Tore; Neunhoeffer, Anna-Lena; Martinsen, Egil Wilhelm; Rosenvinge, Jan H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-19)
      Purpose:<br> The present meta-analysis summarized the proportion of comorbid personality disorders (PDs) in patients with anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), respectively, and examined possible moderating variables.<br> Methods:<br> A search of the databases PsychINFO, Embase, and Medline for the period 1980–2016 identified 87 studies from 18 different countries.<br> Results:<br> The ...
    • Conceptualization of Culture and Ethnicity within Social Work in Two Indigenous Communities: Implications for Culturally Adequate Social Work 

      Nygård, Reidunn Håøy; Saus, Merete; Swanson, Shanley (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-26)
      This qualitative study compares social work in Sami communities within Norway and Native American communities in Montana in the US. A total of 39 social workers were interviewed. We investigated the conceptualization of culture and ethnicity, as well as the implications of these constructions for a culturally adequate social work practice. We find that social workers in Sápmi conceptualize culture ...
    • Confirmatory factor analysis of the behavior rating inventory of executive function in a neuro-pediatric sample and its application to mental disorders 

      Halvorsen, Marianne; Mathiassen, Børge; Amundsen, Tarjei; Ellingsen, Jonas; Brøndbo, Per Håkan; Sundby, Jørgen; Steinsvik, Oddmar; Martinussen, Monica (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-15)
      The construct validity of the 9-scale version of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) parent form was examined in a clinical sample of children and adolescents with neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders (<i>N</i> = 281). Confirmatory factor analysis supported a three-factor model separating the inhibitory behavioral control dimension from the emotional control and ...
    • Construction of a fur null mutant and RNA-sequencing provide deeper global understanding of the Aliivibrio salmonicida Fur regulon 

      Thode, Sunniva Katharina; Bækkedal, Cecilie; Söderberg, Jenny Johansson; Hjerde, Erik; Hansen, Hilde; Haugen, Peik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-13)
      <i>Background:</i> The ferric uptake regulator (Fur) is a transcription factor and the main regulator of iron acquisition in prokaryotes. When bound to ferric iron, Fur recognizes its DNA binding site and generally executes its function by repressing transcription of its target genes. Due to its importance in virulence, the Fur regulon is well studied for several model bacteria. In our previous ...
    • Discrimination amongst Arctic Indigenous Sami and Non-Sami Populations in Norway - The SAMINOR 2 Questionnaire Study 

      Hansen, Ketil Lenert; Minton, Stephen James; Friborg, Oddgeir; Sørlie, Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background:<br> Recent research demonstrates that for many indigenous Sami people, experiencing ethnic discrimination is a regular occurrence. The present study was designed to provide estimates of the prevalence of self-reported discrimination in order to identify specific settings where discrimination happened, to identify perpetrators and to examine individuals’ responses to the discrimination. ...
    • Do frequency of visits with birth parents impact children’s mental health and parental stress in stable foster care settings 

      Fossum, Sturla; Vis, Svein Arild Myhra; Holtan, Amy (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-13)
      This article explores whether the number of visits by birth parents influence perceptions of attachment, children’s competence and mental health, and stress levels in foster parents. Foster parents acted as informants regarding 203 children living in kinship and non-kinship foster care. The children were young when placed in foster care, on average 2.3 years old (SD = 1.0) and had been living in the ...
    • Do Norwegian Sami and non-indigenous individuals understand questions about mental health similarly? A SAMINOR 2 study 

      Sørlie, Tore; Hansen, Ketil Lenert; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-05)
      The Western culturally developed Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-10) is a self-report measure of mental distress widely used for both clinical and epidemiological purposes – also in the multiethnic epidemiological SAMINOR studies in Northern Norway, but without any proper cross-cultural validation. Our objective was to test invariance of the HSCL-10 measurements among Sami and the non-indigenous ...