Benefit and risk assessment of breastmilk for infant health in Norway: Opinion of the Steering Committee of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety
AuthorMeltzer, Helle Margrete; Brandtzæg, Per; Knutsen, Helle Katrine; Løland, Beate Fossum; Odland, Jon Øyvind; Skåre, Janneche Utne; Torheim, Liv Elin; Amlund, Heidi; Arukwe, Augustine; Bernhoft, Aksel; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Dierkes, Jutta; Eggesbø, Merete Åse; Eriksen, Gunnar Sundstøl; Frølich, Wenche; Frøyland, Livar; Fæste, Christiane Kruse; Halvorsen, Ragnhild; Haugen, Margaretha; Hemre, Gro Ingunn; Iversen, Per Ole; Krogdahl, Åshild; Lassen, Jørgen Fredrik; Lindemann, Rolf; Lyche, Jan Ludvig; Mansoor, Mohammad Azam; Nerland, Audun Helge; Næss, Bjørn; Ruus, Anders; Skålhegg, Bjørn Steen; Steffensen, Inger-Lise; Sundheim, Leif; Sverdrup, Line Emilie; Thomsen, Cathrine; Østerås, Olav; Alexander, Jan
Breastmilk covers all the nutritional needs of the infant the first months of life, with the exception of vitamin D. In addition, breastmilk has a number of protective properties. However, as humans are exposed to polluting chemicals through food, air, water and skin contact, breastmilk also contains contaminants. Taking the present-day levels of contaminants in Norwegian breastmilk and the long duration of breastfeeding (12 months) in Norway into account, the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety concludes that contaminants poses a low risk to Norwegian infants, and that the benefits of breastmilk to Norwegian infants clearly outweigh the risk presented by contaminants.