Present and future temporal profiles and their relationship to health intentions and behaviors: A test on a Norwegian general population sample
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We investigated the temporal profiles of a Norwegian general population sample and their relation to health behaviors and intentions. The profiles were based on variables from the present and future dimensions of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI), the Consideration of Future Consequences Scale (CFCS), and the combination of both scales. The analysis revealed that there were only two stable clusters that corresponded to the present and the future profiles. Generally, CFCS‐based present and future profiles were more effective at predicting health behaviors and intentions than ZTPI‐based profiles. Profiles based on the CFCS variables were more predictive of eating behaviors. However, the profiles based on the combination of both CFCS and ZTPI were more predictive of smoking, exercising, and health intentions than the profiles based solely on the CFCS. The variation in walking was explained only by the profiles based on a combination of CFCS and ZTPI.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Pozolotina, T. & Olsen, S.O. (2018). Present and future temporal profiles and their relationship to health intentions and behaviors: A test on a Norwegian general population sample. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12500. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.