Deformable liposomes for skin therapy with human epidermal growth factor: The effect of liposomal surface charge
AuthorTernullo, Selenia; Basnet, Purusotam; Holsæter, Ann Mari; Flaten, Gøril Eide; de Weerd, Louis; Skalko-Basnet, Natasa
The topical administration of exogenous human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) is a promising approach for improved chronic wound therapy. To develop therapeutically superior hEGF formulation, we prepared hEGF-containing neutral (NDLs), cationic (CDLs) and anionic (ADLs) deformable liposomes (DLs), respectively, since it is expected that the liposomal surface charge can affect both the liposomal physicochemical properties, their skin penetration potential and therapeutic efficacy of liposome-associated drug. All prepared liposomes were of similar size (300–350 nm) with high hEGF load (~80% entrapment efficacy). Among the studied DLs, ADLs were found to be most promising for sustained release of hEGF, as assessed in vitro using the polyamide membrane. Ex vivo studies revealed that all DLs were excellent systems for skin therapy with hEGF and no penetration of hEGF through the full thickness human skin was detected. ADLs provided a depot exhibiting the highest hEGF retention onto the human skin surface. ADLs also revealed enhanced mitogenic activities in human fibroblasts compared to both NDLs and CDLs after 48 hrs treatment. Moreover, hEGF-containing ADLs significantly enhanced mitogenic activity in fibroblast as compared to activity of hEGF solution (positive control). Similar trends were observed in human keratinocytes after 24 hrs of treatment. We proved that the liposomal surface charge affects the therapeutic potential of hEGF-containing liposomes. hEGF-containing ADLs can be a promising nanosystem-based formulation for localized therapy of chronic wounds.