Health-related quality of life on tele-monitoring for users with pacemakers 6 months after implant: the NORDLAND study, a randomized trial
AuthorLopez-Villegas, Antonio; Catalán-Matamoros, Daniel; Lopez-Liria, Remedios; Enebakk, Terje; Thunhaug, Hilde; Lappegård, Knut Tore
Methods: The NORDLAND study is a controlled, randomized, non-masked clinical trial in pacemaker patients, with data collection carried out during the pre-implant stage and after 6 months. Between August of 2014 and November of 2015, 50 patients were assigned to either a tele-monitoring group (n = 25) or a conventional hospital monitoring (HM) group (n = 25). The EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) utilities and visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) were used to measure Health-Related Quality of Life. Baseline characteristics and number of hospital visits were also analyzed.
Results: The baseline characteristics of the two study groups were similar for EQ-5D utilities (TM:0.81; HM:0.76; p = 0.47), EQ-5D VAS (TM: 64.00; HM:64.88; p = 0.86) and the MLHFQ (TM:20.20; HM:28.96; p = 0.07). At the 6 month follow-up, there were no significant differences between the groups in EQ-5D utilities (TM: 0.81; HM: 0.76; p = 0.54) and EQ-5D VAS scores (TM: 72.71; HM: 59.79; p = 0.08). The MLHFQ score was improved in both groups (TM: -4.40; HM: -15.13; p < 0.001). The number of in-office visits was similar in both groups (TM: 1.24 vs HM: 1.12; P = 0.30).
Conclusions: The NORDLAND trial shows that HRQoL is improved after implant in both groups. Without significant differences with regards to effectiveness and safety. In addition, provides a scientifically rigorous method to the field of HRQoL evaluations in patients with pacemakers.