The management of acute myocardial infarction in the Russian Federation: Protocol for a study of patient pathways [version 2; referees: 2 approved]
AuthorKontsevaya, Anna V; Bobrova, Natalia; Barbarash, Olga; Duplyakov, Dmitry; Efanov, Alexey; Galyavich, Albert; Frants, Maria; Khaisheva, Larisa; Malorodova, Tatyana; Mirolyubova, Olga; Nedbaikin, Andrei; Osipova, Irina; Platonov, Dmitry; Posnenkova, OIga; Syromiatnikova, Liudmila; Bates, Katie; Leon, David Adrew; McKee, Martin
Methods: A prospective observational study has recruited a representative sample of AMI patients within 16 hospitals from 13 regions across Russia. Criteria for inclusion are being aged 35-70 years with a confirmed diagnosis of AMI and surviving until the day after admission. Information being collected includes health system contacts and features of clinical management prior to the event and in the 12 months following discharge from hospital. Following initial exploration of the data to generate hypotheses, multivariate analyses will be applied to assess the role of these characteristics in both treatment decisions and any delays in time critical interventions. Between June 2015 and August 2016, 1,122 patients have been recruited at baseline and follow-up to 12 months post-discharge is scheduled to be completed by autumn 2017. The study is unique in examining patient factors, clinical management prior to admission and in hospital in the acute phase and throughout the critical first year of recovery across a diverse range of geographies and facilities. It uses standardized instruments to collect data from patients and health care providers and includes regions that are diverse in terms of geography and development of cardiology capacity. However, given the limited health services research capacity in the Russian Federation, it was not possible to obtain a sample that was truly nationally representative.