Seismic sequence analysis and petroleum system indicators at the Oligocene-Miocene level in the southern North Sea
AuthorPoulsen, Johanne Schøning
A thorough review of the Oligocene-Miocene stratigraphic evolution and depositional environments in the Norwegian part of the southern North Sea is presented and considered alongside observations of petroleum system indicators, from seismic-, core- and well-data. The reconstructed paleo-environments show a trend of fluctuating eustatic sea-levels, controlled by basin subsidence and uplift of the Fennoscandian Platform in the north, coupled with growth and melt of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Stages of rising sea-level are reflected by low-angle, sigmoidal clinoforms with ascending shelf-break trajectories deposited simultaneously to rapid basin subsidence. Periods of a relative fall in sea-level are characterized by complex-oblique clinoform stacking patterns, with a distal displacement of the shelf and descending shelf-break trajectories. Falling stage system tracts are dominated by the evolution and progradation of complex channel systems and erosion of the exposed shelf. Lowstand system tracts are recognized where coarser, sand-rich material was deposited towards the distal basin margins. The results provide new insight on the subsurface drainage system, as well as an evaluation of a potential Oligocene reservoir rock, the Vade Formation, which in general showed good reservoir properties. This work proposes an updated depositional model for the sandstone, with a newly defined lateral reach, extending beyond the previously established boundaries of this formation. The suggested model describing the petroleum system favours lateral drainage with migration focused sub-horizontally through the permeable Vade Formation which is capped by transgressive, sealing lithologies. Here a persuasive correlation to a Jurassic source rock, the Mandal Formation, is outlined, providing a tentative basis on which to endorse a thermogenic origin of the observed hydrocarbon indications with long distance lateral migration enabling accumulations to form far from the petroleum kitchen area. A differential entrapment model alongside potential leakage and well-information, provides an explanation for the dry wells adjacent to possible hydrocarbon accumulations in the region. The evaluation of the petroleum system sheds new light on the potential for several hydrocarbon filled structures in the subsurface of the Norwegian southern North Sea.
PublisherUiT Norges arktiske universitet
UiT The Arctic University of Norway
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