A qualitative study of clinical reasoning in physiotherapy with preterm infants and their parents: Action and interaction
Methods: The study is based on observations of 20 physical therapy sessions and 20 interviews with PTs. We performed a systematic content analysis informed by enactive theory regarding the interactions and co-creation of meaning.
Results and Discussion: CR emerged in reciprocity with the PTs’ interaction with the infant and parent(s). Based on the sensitivity to the infant’s motor abilities and signs of engagement as well as the parents’ need of support and education, the PTs individualized and reasoned about their therapeutic approach. This interactional CR was vulnerable: infant disengagement, parent expectations, and PT preoccupations could obfuscate interactions and hamper CR.
Conclusion: Through mutuality and engagement with the infant and parent(s), the PTs allow the autonomy of interaction to emerge and shape the translation of CR into successful therapeutic actions and learning together with the infant and parent(s).