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dc.contributor.advisorBerg, Rigmor
dc.contributor.advisorLukic, Marko
dc.contributor.authorLangseth, Ranveig
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-11T13:00:43Z
dc.date.available2019-06-11T13:00:43Z
dc.date.issued2018-05-30
dc.description.abstractFatigue is described as a sensation of tiredness and exhaustion that potentially interferes with daily life functioning, and is a common symptom in people living with HIV (PLWH). This study aim is to investigate the prevalence and the predictors of fatigue among PLWH in Northern and Southern Norway. A cross-sectional survey was conducted at two hospitals in 2014-2015. Fatigue was measured with the Chalder Fatigue scale, and logistic regression was used to identify predictors of fatigue. 244 patients; 94 fatigued (38.5%) and 150 non-fatigued; were included in the analysis. The final regression model consisted of ten covariates; age, gender, men who have sex with men, CD4+-count, cohabitation, education, multimorbidity, mental distress, bodily pain and trouble sleeping. The strongest predictors of fatigue were symptoms of anxiety and depression measured as presence of mental distress (aOR 8.98, 95% CI 3.81-21.15) and increased bodily pain on a scale from 0-10 (aOR 1.44, 95% CI 1.25-1.67). Other significant predictors were living alone (aOR 2.99, 95% CI 1.36-6.56), trouble sleeping (aOR 2.67, 95% CI 1.06-6.71) and multimorbidity (aOR 5.64, 95% CI 1.52-20.95). In conclusion the prevalence of fatigue among PLWH in Southern and Northern Norway is 38%, almost two times higher than the estimated prevalence in the Norwegian general population (22%). We identified mental distress, bodily pain, trouble sleeping, living alone and multimorbidity as predictors of fatigue. If fatigue and its predictors, are identified and addressed, it may improve the quality of life for many. More research on prevention and treatment strategies for fatigued PLWH is needed, and should be implemented in the daily clinical routines.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10037/15527
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherUiT Norges arktiske universiteten_US
dc.publisherUiT The Arctic University of Norwayen_US
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2018 The Author(s)
dc.subject.courseIDHEL-3950
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Klinisk medisinske fag: 750::Infeksjonsmedisin: 776en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medical disciplines: 700::Clinical medical disciplines: 750::Communicable diseases: 776en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Samfunnsmedisin, sosialmedisin: 801en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Medical disciplines: 700::Health sciences: 800::Community medicine, Social medicine: 801en_US
dc.titlePrevalence and predictors of fatigue among people living with HIV in Northern and Southern Norway. From the cross-sectional study of mental health and quality of life among people living with HIV in Northern and Southern Norway, 2014-2015en_US
dc.typeMaster thesisen_US
dc.typeMastergradsoppgaveen_US


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