Incidence and Risk Factors of Pre-Eclampsia in the Paropakar Maternity and Women's Hospital, Nepal: A Retrospective Study
AuthorDas, Seema; Das, Rupesh; Bajracharya, Rashmita; Baral, Gehanath; Jabegu, Bina; Odland, Jon Øyvind; Odland, Maria Lisa
This study aims to determine the incidence of pre-eclampsia and distribution of risk factors of pre-eclampsia at Paropakar Maternity and Women’s Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. A retrospective study included 4820 pregnant women from 17 September to 18 December 2017. Data were obtained from the medical records of the hospital’s Statistics Department. Associations between the risk factors and pre-eclampsia were determined using logistic regression analysis and expressed as odds ratios. The incidence rate of pre-eclampsia in the study population was 1.8%. Higher incidence of pre-eclampsia was observed for women older than 35 years (Adjusted Odds Ratio, AOR)= 3.27; (Confidence Interval, CI 1.42–7.52) in comparison to mothers aged 20–24 years, primiparous women (AOR = 2.12; CI 1.25–3.60), women with gestational age less than 37 weeks (AOR = 3.68; CI 2.23–6.09), twins pregnancy (AOR = 8.49; CI 2.92–24.72), chronic hypertension (AOR = 13.64; CI 4.45–41.81), urinary tract infection (AOR = 6.89; CI 1.28–36.95) and gestational diabetes (AOR = 11.79; CI 3.20–43.41). Iron and calcium supplementation appear to be protective. Age of the mothers, primiparity, early gestational age, twin pregnancy, chronic hypertension, urinary tract infection and gestational diabetes were the significant risk factors for pre-eclampsia. Iron and calcium supplementation and young aged women were somewhat protective.
Source at https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193571.