Reproductive factors and risk of melanoma: a population-based cohort study
AuthorStøer, Nathalie Charlotte; Botteri, Edoardo; Ghiasvand, Reza; Busund, Marit Katinka; Vangen, Siri; Lund, Eiliv; Veierød, Marit Bragelien; Weiderpass, Elisabete
Objectives - To examine the association between the reproductive factors age at menarche, menstrual cycle length, parity, age at first and last birth, menopausal status, breastfeeding duration and length of ovulatory life, and CM risk, overall and by histological subtypes and anatomical site.
Methods - We followed 165 712 women aged 30–75 years at inclusion from 1991–2007 to the end of 2015. Multivariable Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).
Results - The mean age at cohort enrolment was 49 years. During a median follow‐up of 18 years, 1347 cases of CM were identified. No reproductive factors were clearly associated with CM risk. When stratifying by histological subtype we observed significant heterogeneity (P = 0·01) in the effect of length of ovulatory life on the risk of superficial spreading melanoma (HR 1·02, 95% CI 1·01–1·04 per year increase) and nodular melanoma (HR 0·97, 95% CI 0·94–1·01 per year increase). When stratifying by anatomical site, menopausal status (HR 0·54, 95% CI 0·31–0·92, postmenopausal vs. premenopausal) and menstrual cycle length (HR 1·07, 95% CI 1·01–1·13, per day increase) were associated with CM of the trunk, and significant heterogeneity between anatomical sites was observed for menopausal status (P = 0·04).
Conclusions - In this large population‐based Norwegian cohort study, we did not find convincing evidence of an association between reproductive factors and risk of CM.