Sexual function in long-term male lymphoma survivors after high-dose therapy with autologous stem-cell transplantation
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AuthorBersvendsen, Hanne Skjerven; Haugnes, Hege Sagstuen; Dahl, Alv A; Fagerli, Unn-Merete; Fluge, Øystein; Holte, Harald; Seland, Mette; Wilsgaard, Tom; Smeland, Knut Bjøro; Kiserud, Cecilie E.
Reduced sexual function may have negative implications on health related quality of life among lymphoma survivors. A national cross-sectional study among long-term lymphoma survivors after high-dose therapy with autologous stem-cell transplantation auto-SCT treated during 1987–2008 was conducted in 2012–2014. The current study explored sexual functioning among these survivors. Sixty-six percent (n = 159) of eligible men with complete questionnaire data were included, median age was 55 years. The Brief Sexual Function Inventory (BSFI) was used to assess sexual function and sexual satisfaction, compared with age-matched controls. In addition, sexual problems were defined based on predetermined cutoff values for BSFI domain scores. Sexual drive and erections firm enough to have sexual intercourse were reported to be present only a few days or less last month among 30% and 41% of survivors, respectively. Sexual satisfaction was reported by 39% of survivors. The survivors had significantly lower scores on all BSFI domains and an increased risk of problems with sexual drive and erection compared with controls. In multivariable models, cardiovascular disease was significantly associated with worse erectile function, while age > 55 years, chronic fatigue, and physical inactivity were significantly associated with lower sexual functioning overall. Chronic fatigue and anxiety were related to lower sexual satisfaction.
Published version available at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41409-019-0745-4