Together and apart. Perfective verbs with a prefix and the semelfactive suffix -nu- in Contemporary Standard Russian
This dissertation investigates Russian perfective verbs with a prefix and the semelfactive suffix -nu-, such as zaxlopnut’ ‘slam shut’, for the sake of simplicity referred to as “Pref-Nu verbs”. Pref-Nu verbs have received only marginal attention in the scholarly literature, and in the dissertation a main goal is therefore to shed light on their distribution and productivity in Contemporary Standard Russian, as well as the type of verb clusters and semantic classes they represent. A second main goal is to compare the behavior of Pref-Nu verbs with the behavior of perfective verbs that have only one of the two relevant affixes, i.e. only a prefix, such as zaxlopat’ ‘begin to slam’, or only the semelfactive suffix -nu , such as xlopnut’ ‘slam, clap, bang once’. All of these questions are explored with data from the Russian National Corpus (years 1950-2017), and, as a general tendency, Pref-Nu verbs are found to differ from the other two verb types in that they express a single “quantum” of an action that yields some result. The choice between Pref-Nu verbs and other perfectives is furthermore explored through an informant experiment that focuses on cases of near-synonymy between related verbs. The results of the experiment indicate that none of the verbs are fully synonymous, although their semantic differences are often subtle.
Related research dataNordrum, M. (2019). Replication Data for: Together and apart: Perfective verbs with a prefix and the semelfactive suffix -nu- in Contemporary Standard Russian (V1)[DataverseNO].
PublisherUiT Norges arktiske universitet
UiT The Arctic University of Norway
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