Overexpression of T-bet, GATA-3 and TGF-ß induces IFN-γ, IL-4/13A, and IL-17A expression in Atlantic salmon
AuthorSlettjord, Tiril Hoffstrøm; Sekkenes, Hege J.; Chi, Heng; Bøgwald, Jarl; Swain, Trilochan; Dalmo, Roy Ambli; Swain, Jaya Kumari
The overexpression of GATA-3, T-bet and TGF-ß may theoretically induce IL-4/A, IFN-γ and IL-17A expression, respectively. Whether this also applies to fish is not yet known. The plasmid vectors encoding reporter gene (RFP)-tagged T-bet, GATA-3 and TGF-ß were used as overexpression tools, transfected into cells or injected intramuscularly to monitor the expression of IFN-γ, IL-4/13A and IL-17A. In addition, the fish were either experimentally challenged with Vibrio anguillarum (VA group) or Piscirickettsia salmonis (PS group). The reporter gene (RFP) inserted upstream of the GATA-3, T-bet and TGF-ß genes, was observed in muscle cell nuclei and in inflammatory cells after intramuscular (i.m.) injection. PS group: following the injection of GATA-3 and T-bet-encoding plasmids, the expression of GATA-3 and T-bet was high at the injection site. The spleen expression of IFN-γ, following the injection of a T-bet-encoding plasmid, was significantly higher on day 2. VA group: The T-bet and GATA-3-overexpressing fish expressed high T-bet and GATA-3 mRNA levels in the muscles and on day 4 post-challenge. The expression of TGF-ß in the muscles of fish injected with TGF-ß-encoding plasmids was significantly higher on days 7 (8 days pre-challenge) and 19 (4 days after challenge). The protective effects of the overexpression of T-bet, GATA-3 and TGF-ß on both bacterial infections were negligible.
CitationSlettjord TH, Sekkenes, Chi H, Bøgwald J, Swain T, Dalmo RA, Swain K. Overexpression of T-bet, GATA-3 and TGF-ß induces IFN-γ, IL-4/13A, and IL-17A expression in Atlantic salmon. Biology (Basel). 2020;9:82(4):1-17
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