Now showing items 1-20 of 90

    • Prevalence, diversity and transferability of the Tn916-Tn1545 family ICE in oral streptococci 

      lunde, tracy; Hjerde, Erik; Al-Haroni, Mohammed (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-15)
      <i>Background</i>: The Tn<i>916</i>-Tn<i>1545</i> family of Integrative Conjugative Elements (ICE) are mobile genetic elements (MGEs) that play a role in the spread of antibiotic resistance genes. The Tn<i>916</i> harbors the tetracycline resistance gene <i>tet</i>(M) and it has been reported in various bacterial species. The increase in the levels of tetracycline resistance among oral streptococci ...
    • Prevalence, diversity and transferability of the Tn916-Tn1545 family ICE in oral streptococci 

      Lunde, Tracy Munthali; Hjerde, Erik; Al-Haroni, Mohammed (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-15)
      <i>Background</i>: The Tn<i>916</i>-Tn<i>1545</i> family of Integrative Conjugative Elements (ICE) are mobile genetic elements (MGEs) that play a role in the spread of antibiotic resistance genes. The Tn<i>916</i> harbors the tetracycline resistance gene <i>tet</i>(M) and it has been reported in various bacterial species. The increase in the levels of tetracycline resistance among oral streptococci ...
    • Fluoride in the drinking water and dental caries experience by tooth surface susceptibility among adults 

      Stangvaltaite-Mouhat, Lina; Puriene, Alina; Stankeviciene, Indre; Aleksejūnienė, Jolanta (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-04)
      <p>Background: Dental caries is the most prevalent non-communicable health condition globally. The surface-based susceptibility hierarchy indicates that surfaces in the same group have similar susceptibility to caries, where the most susceptible group consists of occlusal surfaces of first molars and buccal surfaces of lower first molars, and the least susceptible surfaces are smooth and proximal ...
    • To what extent does smoking affect gingival bleeding response to supragingival plaque? Site‐specific analyses in a population‐based study 

      Holde, Gro Eirin; Jönsson, Birgitta; Oscarson, Nils; Müller, Hans-Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-01)
      <i>Background and objective</i> - The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of smoking on the site‐specific association between bleeding on gingival probing and supragingival plaque and to assess whether this differs in different regions of the dentition.<br><br> <i>Methods</i> - Data from a representative sample of 1911 adults (20‐79 years old) in Northern Norway were analyzed. ...
    • The role of psychosocial factors and treatment need in dental service use and oral health among adults in Norway 

      Jönsson, Birgitta; Holde, Gro Eirin; Baker, Sarah R. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-11)
      <i>Objectives</i> - This study aimed to explore whether population characteristics were associated with the use of dental services, individual's personal oral health practices, dental caries and oral health‐related impacts using the revised Andersen's behavioural model as the theoretical framework.<br><br> <i>Methods</i> - This cross‐sectional study included participants from a Norwegian general ...
    • Aerosol i tannhelseklinikken Del 1: Risiko for smitte 

      Gussgard, Anne Margrete; Valen, Håkon; Olsvik, Ørjan; Jokstad, Asbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Aerosolutvikling i sammenheng med behandling i munnhulen kan innebære risiko for smitteoverføring mellom pasienter og tannhelsepersonell. Denne artikkelen (Del 1) beskriver hva aerosol er og mulig innvirkning for helse. Hovedfokus i denne artikkelen er mikrobielle aerosoler, og hvilke situasjoner og prosedyrer som forårsaker mikrobielle aerosoler i tannhelseklinikken. Det produseres forskjellige ...
    • Hvordan har tannhelsetjenesten i Norge håndtert pasienter og smittevern under den mest akutte fasen av covid-19-pandemien? 

      Stangvaltaite-Mouhat, Lina; Uhlen, Marte-Mari Nordsetmoen; Skudutyte-Rysstad, Rasa; Szyszko, Ewa Alicja; Shabestari, Maziar; Ansteinsson, Vibeke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2020)
      Tannhelsetjenestens kompetansesenter Øst (TkØ) har gjennomført en spørreundersøkelse om tannhelsepersonells erfaringer under nedstenging i perioden 13. mars–17. april 2020. Første del av studien er nå publisert i International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health og er den første norske studien som omhandler håndtering av covid-19-pandemien i tannhelsetjenesten.
    • Aerosol i tannhelseklinikken. Del 2: Tiltak for å begrense smitte 

      Gussgard, Anne Margrete; Valen, Håkon; Olsvik, Ørjan; Jokstad, Asbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Aerosoler blir generert i sammenheng med flere behandlingsprosedyrer og situasjoner i tannhelseklinikken. Aerosoler i tannhelseklinikken kan være infeksiøse og føre til smitte mellom tannhelsepersonell og pasienter. Forskjellige tiltak for å begrense smitte fra infeksiøs aerosol, beskrives og diskuteres. Det er urealistisk å forvente at lokale aerosoler kan elimineres i sammenheng med behandling i ...
    • Adults’ dental treatment in 2001–2013 in Finnish public dental service 

      Lindén, J.; Widström, Eeva; Sinkkonen, Jari (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-21)
      <i>Background</i> - All adults over 17 years of age have access to the Public Dental Service after the Finnish Dental Care Reform in 2001–2002. This study aimed to survey the treatment needs and treatment measures provided for adult patients and changes in these during the period 2001–2013.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - Sing each person’s unique identifier, demographic data on dental visits during the ...
    • Double vs single primary tooth extraction in interceptive treatment of palatally displaced canines: A randomized controlled trial 

      Hadler-Olsen, Sigurd; Sjögren, Anders; Steinnes, Jeanett; Dubland, Mari; Bolstad, Napat Limchaichana; Pirttiniemi, Pertti; Kerosuo, Heidi; Lahdesmaki, Raija (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-21)
      <i>Objectives</i> - To compare the impact of primary canine and primary first molar extractions with extractions of only the primary canine regarding correction of palatally displaced canines (PDCs).<br><br> <i>Materials and Methods</i> - Thirty-two children aged 9.5–13.5 years with 48 PDCs were randomly allocated to either the double-extraction group (DEG) or single-extraction group (SEG). Clinical ...
    • Common social determinants for overweight and obesity, and dental caries among adolescents in Northern Norway: a cross-sectional study from the Tromsø Study Fit Futures cohort 

      Stangvaltaite-Mouhat, Lina; Furberg, Anne-Sofie; Drachev, Sergei Nikolaevich; Trovik, Tordis A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-05)
      <i>Background</i> - Non-communicable general and oral health conditions share common risk factors. Studies investigating common social determinants as risk factors for overweight/obesity and dental caries among the same adolescents are scarce and inconclusive.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - This cross-sectional study included data from 464 girls and 494 boys from the population-based Tromsø study Fit ...
    • Live lectures and videos do not differ in relation to learning outcomes of dental ergonomics 

      Leinonen, Jukka; Laitala, Marja-Liisa; Pirttilahti, Julia; Niskanen, Leena; Pesonen, Paula; Anttonen, Vuokko (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-15)
      <p><i>Objectives - </i>This study aimed to compare the knowledge attained by third‐year dental students in physical ergonomics altering live lectures and videos in teaching. The second aim was to investigate implementation of the theoretical knowledge on ergonomics into practice. <p><i>Material and methods - </i>Forty‐five students divided into two groups attended a live lecture (45 min) or viewed ...
    • Self-reported sleep quality with mandibular advancement device or continuous positive airway pressure: A randomized clinical trial on patients with mild and moderate obstructive sleep apnea 

      Berg, Lars Martin; Ankjell, Torun Karina Solheim; Trovik, Tordis A; Sjögren, Anders; Rikardsen, Oddveig G; Moen, Ketil; Sun, Yi-Qian; Bugten, Vegard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2020)
      <i>Study</i> - objectives To compare self-reported sleep quality, treatment compliance and respiratory event index (REI) after 4 months of treatment with mandibular advancement device (MAD) or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in mild and moderate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). <p> <p><i>Methods</i> - 104 patients with mild or moderate OSA were randomly allocated to MAD or CPAP treatment, ...
    • Detection of mobile genetic elements associated with antibiotic resistance in Salmonella enterica using a newly developed web tool: MobileElementFinder 

      Johansson, Markus H; Bortolaia, Valeria; Tansirichaiya, Supathep; Aarestrup, Frank M.; Roberts, Adam P.; Petersen, Thomas Nordahl (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-03)
      <i>Objectives</i> - Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in clinically relevant bacteria is a growing threat to public health globally. In these bacteria, antimicrobial resistance genes are often associated with mobile genetic elements (MGEs), which promote their mobility, enabling them to rapidly spread throughout a bacterial community.<p> <i>Methods</i> - The tool MobileElementFinder was developed ...
    • Dental care for drug users in Norway: Dental professionals’ attitudes to treatment and experiences with interprofessional collaboration 

      Hovden, Ewa Alicja Szyszko; Ansteinsson, Vibeke; Volden Klepaker, Ingrid; Widström, eeva; Skudutyte-Rysstad, Rasa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-31)
      <i>Background</i> - The present study aimed to assess dental professionals’ attitudes and experiences related to the dental treatment of drug users and to interprofessional collaboration with the rehabilitation institutions (RIs).<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - The study population comprised 141 dentists and dental hygienists (response rate 73%) working in the Public Dental Service (PDS) in three counties ...
    • Risken för smitta genom aerosol i tandvårdskliniken 

      Gussgard, Anne Margrete; Valen, Håkon; Olsvik, Ørjan; Jokstad, Asbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-10)
      Aerosolutveckling i samband med behandling i munhålan kan innebära risk för smittöverföring mellan patienter och tandvårdspersonal. Denna artikel beskriver vilka situationer och procedurer som orsakar mikrobiella aerosoler i tandvårdskliniken. Smittrisken för infektiös aerosol beskrivs med exempel från några bakteriella och virusöverförbara sjukdomar i tandvårdskliniken.
    • Suboptimal light curing and direct exposure to water of two contemporary composites: degree of conversion, sorption, solubility, and Knoop hardness 

      Wikant, Aksel; Ørtengren, Ulf Thore; Hakeberg, Magnus; Gedde, Ulf Wiel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-18)
      The water sorption and solubility of two polymer resin‐based dental composite materials were assessed in order to evaluate the effects of immediate post‐cure water exposure on the water sensitivity of the composites. Each material was tested with two different light curing setups. The radiant exposure of the two curing setups differed by a factor of 5. After exposure to water and subsequent drying, ...
    • Salivary Oral Microbiome of Children With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Norwegian Cross-Sectional Study 

      Frid, Paula; Baraniya, Divyashri; Halbig, Josefine Mareile; Rypdal, Veronika Gjertsen; Songstad, Nils Thomas; Rosén, Annika; Berstad, Johanna Elisabeth Rykke; Flatø, Berit; Alakwaa, Fadhl; Gil, Elisabeth Grut; Cetrelli, Lena Elisabet; Chen, Tsute; Al-hebshi, Nezar Noor; Nordal, Ellen Berit; Al-Haroni, Mohammed (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-04)
      <i>Background</i>: The oral microbiota has been connected to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis through activation of mucosal immunity. The objective of this study was to characterize the salivary oral microbiome associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and correlate it with the disease activity including gingival inflammation.<p> <i>Methods</i>: Fifty-nine patients with JIA ...
    • Comparison of antimicrobial prescribing for dental and oral infections in England and Scotland with Norway and Sweden and their relative contribution to national consumption 2010-2016 

      Smith, Andrew; Al-Mahdi, Rania; Malcolm, William; Palmer, Nikolaus; Dahlen, Gunnar; Al-Haroni, Mohammed (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-16)
      <p><i>Background - </i>Prescribing in dental practice has a relatively small but important contribution to the quantity of antibiotics prescribed in primary care. This study aimed to analyse antibiotic prescribing in dentistry over time (2010–2016) in 4 different Northern European countries and their relative contribution to national outpatients consumption. <p><i>Methods - </i>This retrospective ...
    • In vitro Candida albicans biofilm formation on different titanium surface topographies 

      Mouhat, Mathieu; Moorehead, Robert; Murdoch, Craig (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-09)
      <i>Objectives</i> - To investigate if differences in titanium implant surface topography influence <i>Candida albicans</i> biofilm formation.<p> <p><i>Materials and Methods</i> - Titanium discs were prepared and characterized using a profilometer: Group A (<i>R</i><sub>a</sub> 0.15 µm, smooth), Group B (<i>R</i> <sub>a</sub> 0.64 µm, minimally rough) and Group C (<i>R</i> <sub>a</sub> 1.3 µm, ...