Comparing the size selectivity of a novel T90 mesh codend to two conventional codends in the northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis) trawl fishery
The size selectivity and usability of three codends were quantified and compared for the first time in the inshore Northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis) trawl fishery of Iceland using the covered codend method: a conventional diamond-mesh codend (T0), conventional square-mesh codend (T45), and a 90° turned mesh codend (T90) constructed of four panels and with shortened lastridge ropes. Fishers, wanting to increase the average-individual size of captured shrimp, had requested the T90 codend to be compared with conventional codends for consideration in the fishery. Results showed that, on average, the T45 and T90 codends had better size selectivity than the T0 codend in terms of releasing individuals smaller than 13 mm carapace length (Minimum References Size; MRS). The T90 codend retained significantly less Northern shrimps between 9 and 19 mm than the T0 codend and between 15 and 19 mm than the T45 codend. No significant difference of size selectivity between T45 and T0 codends was observed. All three codends presented high retention ratios of Northern shrimps above MRS (>63%) for the population encountered. However, the T0 codend was not effective at sorting out small Northern shrimps; at least 86% of Northern shrimps smaller than 13 mm were retained in the T0 codend if encountered. Catches from T45 and T90 codends had a lower proportion of shrimp below MRS. Since discarding of undersized Northern shrimps is prohibited in Iceland and fishers wanted to catch on average larger shrimp, using the novel T90 codend would enable fishers to use their quotas more efficiently.
CitationEinarsson, Cheng, Bayse, Herrmann, Winger. Comparing the size selectivity of a novel T90 mesh codend to two conventional codends in the northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis) trawl fishery. Aquaculture and Fisheries. 2020:1-11
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