Now showing items 21-40 of 133

    • Orthodontic movement of root canal treated or traumatized teeth : is there a greater risk of root resorption? 

      Kobets, Svetlana (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05)
      Det finnes ulike oppfatninger angående ortodontisk behandling av tenner som er tidligere rotfylt eller tidligere traumatisert. Noen mener at det finnes mer risiko for resorpsjon ved ortodontisk forflytning av slike tenner enn levende "friske" tenner. Det første målet med dette litteraturstudiet var å se om det finnes vitenskapelige bevis for eventuell risiko for resorpsjon ved ortodontisk forflytning ...
    • Standardized and individualized vertical bitewing radiographs for a digital x-ray system 

      Pedersen, Camilla; Steffenakk, Siv; Henriksen, Sara Anette; Thon, Elizabeth (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-29)
      Intraoral radiographs are important tools for diagnosing, monitoring and evaluating the treatment of infrabony lesions. However, different beam angulations between exposures may give a wrong interpretation when evaluating them. A technique that is useful for monitoring bone loss and regeneration is the use of subtraction radiography. This technique is also very sensitive for changes in projection ...
    • Introducing dental local anaesthesia using a standardized cognitive behavioural technique 

      Vestjord, Maria; Kjøløymo, Tina; Nerdal, Anne Marte (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-29)
      A major dilemma is that pain free dental treatment using local anaesthesia (LA) is of main importance for avoiding dental fear and anxiety (DFA) at the same time as intraoral injections are strongly associated with DFA. Well-educated dentists and dental hygienists, with a variety of techniques and approaches available, are important to give the patient receiving LA a perception of control. The purpose ...
    • Treatment of patients with unilateral posterior crossbite in the student clinic in Tromsø : evaluation of treatment outcome and documentation practice in Universitetsklinikken, UTK 

      Hovden, Elin Marie Bjørnsdatter; Bårdsen, Lisa-Marie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-29)
      The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of treatment of unilateral posterior crossbite and factors related to the treatment outcome in patients treated in the University student clinic. Another aim was to evaluate the adequacy and quality of documentation of the posterior crossbite treatments.
    • A literature review on the diagnosis and non-invasive treatment of small caries lesions 

      Nilsen, Bo Wold; Lund Olsen, Marius (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-29)
      Diagnosis and treatment of the caries disease and post-treatment follow-up are interconnected concepts. The aim of the study was to map out the diagnostic methods available for early caries lesions, the existing non-invasive caries treatment, and in what way the follow-ups of these treatments are conducted. The selection of articles was based on a primary search using the PubMed search engine, ...
    • Paediatric dentistry under general anaesthesia : from a patient perspective 

      Hammervold, Mari Katrine; Olsen, Karianne (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-29)
      Introduction: The importance of good oral health in children is well documented. Extensive caries in young children has an impact on both oral and general health, including quality of life. It is important to offer DGA for patients where other options are not sufficient. Preventive measures can in many cases be done to reduce the number of DGA needed, and behaviour shaping techniques for all children ...
    • Treatment outcome in patients with anterior crossbites in the student clinic in Tromsø 

      Vevik, Ingrid; Zakariassen, Aleksandra; Notkevich, Marte; Mandal, Iselin Stallvik (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-29)
      The aim of this study was to assess orthodontic treatment outcome and quality of documentation in patients with different types of anterior crossbite, who had received and finished treatment at the student clinic in Tromsø in the period between 2008 and 2010. A total of 34 subjects fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in the study. Existing pre and post treatment records from all ...
    • Bone modifying techniques in the anterior maxilla prior to implant placement : a literature review 

      Ikdahl, Åsmund Haavik; Ellingsen, Stig Aanerød; Åkre, Yngve (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-29)
      Abstract: Objective: The aim was to describe the different bone enhancing techniques for improving the alveolar bone and gingival characteristics prior to implant placement Material and methods: A MEDLINE and PubMed English language peer-reviewed literature search was conducted. Hand searches of the reference lists in some selected articles were also conducted. The literature search was sorted ...
    • The influence of the Bis-EMA content on the sorption and solubility of dental composite resins 

      Mjøsund, Hanne; Wikant, Aksel W. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-29)
      Several factors will have effect dental restorative materials in the oral environment that can affect the longevity of the material. Today dental composite resin-based materials (CRM) used to a major extent. The monomer mixture is of importance in CRMs and efforts are made to improve the materials by changing the monomer content. The present study investigated the effect of an increasing amount of ...
    • Treatment profiles in the public dental service of Northern Norway 

      Karlsen, Guro (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-06)
      Introduction: The Public Dental Service in Norway has changed during the last decades. Dental hygienists have increased in numbers, but how this has influenced the organization of the patient treatment at the clinics is not well known. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the organization of the work-day in the Public Dental Service in Northern Norway in terms of who is being treated and ...
    • Fixed appliance & root resorption - possible to predict? : a literature review 

      Berglund, Iris Hergot; Beck-Hansen, Sesilie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-06)
      There are many possible causes to external apical root resorption (EARR) as a sequela of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliance. This literature review examines root morphology, age, commonly affected teeth, magnitude of force, continuous versus interrupted forces and duration of treatment, in order to evaluate if root resorption can be predicted. Qualitative analysis of a range of studies in ...
    • Dental laboratory custom-made devices : legal aspects concerning documentation and import from non-EU/EEA countries 

      Rikardsen, Maria Amalie; Vesterdal, Silje Camilla (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-06)
      Crowns, bridges, removable dentures and other dental appliances are custom-made medical devices and are subject to specific legislation. The EU directive 93/42 on medical devices constitutes the legislation that regulates dental laboratory custom-made medical devices. This paper investigates how importers of dental laboratory custom-made devices perform quality control and if the legal requirements ...
    • Chairside prophylaxis at dental clinics in Nordland, Troms and Finnmark : evidence based routines? 

      Engesbakk, Anders; Høgstad, Izabel (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-06)
      This study looks into how the clinics in the three northernmost counties carry out their chairside prophylactic routines, and if it is in accordance with available literature.
    • Biodentine(tm) as a root-end filling 

      Osen, Trond Bjørvik; Astrup, Ina Iselin; Knutssøn, Carl Haavard (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-06-07)
      Aim and hypothesis: The purpose of this study is to evaluate Biodentine™ as a root-end filling. The working hypothesis is that Biodentine™ provides apical bacterial seal as MTA when applied in root-end filling therapy.
    • Clinical management of the adult patient with dental anxiety 

      Tvermyr, Kathrine; Hoem, Anna Frydendal; Elde, Kine Marlén (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-06-07)
      Abstract Background: Dental anxiety is a prevalent issue which every dental practitioner will face. As dental anxiety involves personal consequences for the affected patients - as well as hampering the clinical performance of the dental profession – this matter should be taken seriously and dealt with accordingly. The treatment of dental anxiety thus should be within the competence of the general ...
    • Pig model vs sheep model in undergraduate periodontal surgical training. 

      Larsen, Patryk Daniel; Tronsen, Eyvind; Bøen, Kim Reisæter (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-26)
      Objective: The objective of this study was to further develop the sheep model for periodontal surgical training to undergraduate students, and compare it to the more commonly used pig model. Method: Periodontal measurements as pocket depth and gingival width were measured on a total number of 10 sheep and 9 pigs, and a pre-established list of surgical procedures were performed on both types of ...
    • Variation among examiners in early detection of palatally displaced maxillary canines, using visual inspection and palpation. A pilot study 

      Rønningen, Øystein; Jæger, Stine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-27)
      Objective: The aim was to study inter-examiner variation in detection of palatally displaced maxillary canines by using the palpation method, and to examine how different dental health care personnel evaluate the need for X-ray when ectopic eruption of maxillary canines is suspected. Materials and Methods: The subjects comprised 52 ten-year-olds (104 canines). Four investigators (2 dental students, ...
    • Health literacy in elderly in Northern Norway- association with socioeconomic status and general health/oral health 

      Thoresen, Therese (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-27)
      Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether oral health and health literacy are associated which diseases, medication, self- reported health/oral health and socioeconomic factors in a group of people ranging from 50 to 80 years of age. Materials and methods: The study consisted of 61 patients, 27 men (52-78 years; M=61.6 years) and 34 women (51-80 years; M=61.0 years). They had oral ...
    • Parent`s knowledge of their children`s oral status 

      Holm, Mia Jung; Christensen, Camilla Celise (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-27)
      Abstract Background: Good oral habits in early childhood is essential for the maintenance of the primary teeth. This is important to ensure a high quality of dental health troughout life. An important key to accomplish this is to make sure that parents have a sincere interest and good knowledge concerning their children´s oral status as well as their preventive oral care. Aims: Determine parents´s ...
    • Oral cancer in Northern Norway (1986-2009) 

      Nilssen, Marte; Jarling, Christine; Hokland, Ane Olsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-27)
      This was a retrospective clinical study looking at those diagnosed with primary oropharyngeal cancer at the University hospital of Northern Norway (UNN) from 1986-2002 (follow up to 2009) and various factors’ influence on patient survival. In this period 162 persons were diagnosed with primary cancer in the oral cavity, patients with metastasis to the oral cavity were not included. Information ...