Recent additions

  • Molar - Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) and long - term exposure to 25 - hydroxyvitamin D, measured as Bone Mineral Density (BMD) in adolescents from Northern Norway: an epidemiological study based on the Tromsø study: “Fit Futures” 

    Dekkerhus, Kristin Adelaide (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-20)
    Aims: The basis of the study was to evaluate if MIH could be related to low levels of vitamin D. Vitamin D is understood to have a key role in both enamel and dentin formation, and maturation, in addition to skeletal integrity. BMD could give a clue of the participants’ long - term vitamin D exposure, indirectly giving a reflection of a possible vitamin D impact on enamel mineralization. Materials ...
  • Valg av kronemateriale for posteriore konstruksjoner blant offentlige tannleger ved universitetstannklinikker i Norge - En spørreundersøkelsesbasert studie 

    Gustavsen, Mari; Døhl, Emma A. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-18)
    Hensikten med masteroppgaven er å få et innblikk i hvilke faktorer som påvirker valg av kronemateriale blant tannleger ansatt på offentlige klinikker, tilknyttet Universitet i Tromsø. Oppgaven fokuserer på posteriore, single kroner, og hva tannlegene vektlegger når de velger materiale. Når tannleger velger kronematerial, så kan flere faktorer påvirke valget, for eksempel antall praktiserende år, ...
  • Evaluering av In vitro metode for demineralisering av rotoverflaten 

    Bredeli, Aud Irene; Fjellsøy, Kristine; Fjær Skåre, Synne Alette (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-05-20)
    Bakgrunn: Stadig flere eldre beholder sine egne tenner i høy alder. Blant de utfordringene som hyppig ses er blottlagte rotoverflater. Rotoverflatene er sårbare for kariesangrep og erosjoner. Målet for studien var å skape demineralisering in vitro på rotoverflater med et utvalg av fire syreløsninger. Vi skulle beskrive hvordan eventuelle demineraliseringer visuelt artet seg på rotoverflaten, og ...
  • Knowledge of, compliance with and attitudes towards, infection control routines in dental practice: a survey among dental students and dental faculty members in North-West Russia 

    Valkov, Egor; Klæbu, Sigurd; Lange, Sondre Halvor (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-05-20)
    Infections are among the most significant healthcare problems in terms of the global perspective. Its increasing burden on healthcare settings may lead to a higher prevalence of antibiotic resistance, increased morbidity, and mortality among the patients who admit to health care institutions. Several antibiotic-resistant bacteria, including Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA), which ...
  • In vitro micro-CT analyse av demineraliseringslesjoner på emaljeoverflaten 

    Hanssen, Mathias Gyllan; Johansen, Robert Julian; Olsen, Oda Bendika Damås (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-05-20)
    Målsetting: Målet med dette masterforsøket er å danne demineraliseringslesjoner som ligner på initialkaries ved hjelp av 4 ulike syreløsninger på emaljeoverflaten in vitro, og deretter sammenlikne bildene utfra de diagnostiske kriteriene, definert under, for å se hvilken som gir det beste resultatet. Metode: 40 tenner ble samlet inn fra UTK og TkNN, hvor deretter 12 tenner ble randomisert valgt ut ...
  • Potential effect of airborne-particle abrasion (APA) on stainless steel and ceramic bracket base volume 

    Kniaziowski, Konrad (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-05-20)
    Background: Bracket failure due to loss of adhesion is common and influences treatment time and patient comfort in orthodontic practice. This pilot study is focused on a widely used adjunctive method for bracket recycling -Airborne-Particle Abrasion (APA) and its impact on the retentive mesh pad volume and surface area in two types of brackets. Objectivities: To explore potential loss of retention ...
  • Comparing apical bacterial leakage using two different obturation techniques in human upper incisors: An in vitro pilot study 

    Johansen, Signe Marie; Mikkelsen, Synne (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-05-19)
    The materials and techniques for root canal obturation is critical for treatment success. Cold lateral condensation is a widely used obturation technique, but core carrier techniques requiring heat has been developed to overcome disadvantages with the cold obturation techniques. GuttaCore is a relatively new and unstudied core carrier technique in vitro. The bacterial leakage test has been regarded ...
  • The association between children’s oral health and parents’ socioeconomic position in Northern Norway 

    Thomassen, Jeanett Kraukle; Larsen, Beate (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-20)
    <p>Background: Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children. In Norway there are government sponsored programs that give all children (0-18 years) free public dental treatment. This program seems to reduce the social gap in oral health compared to countries where dental treatment is paid out-of-pocket. There are indications that not all children in Norway benefit equally good from ...
  • Patients’ preferences for management of deep occlusal, initial occlusal and root carious lesions 

    Torres, Thea; Salomonsen, Jenny (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-12)
    Introduction: Evidence-based dentistry is a threefold method of working as a dentist. The threefold method is clinical experience, evidence-based research and patients’ preferences. The purpose of this study was to investigate patient’s preferences for management of different carious lesions; initial occlusal carious lesions, deep occlusal carious lesions, and root carious lesions, and if there was ...
  • Morphological Variations of the Mandibular Premolars. Tooth Morphology and Identification - A Macro Analysis 

    Olsen, Susanne; Aune, Martine Lilleeng (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-20)
    Background: In the context of teaching tooth morphology to dentist students, which is based on the anatomical and morphological hallmarks described in the literature, some of the teeth in the permanent dentition have shown to be harder to characterize than others. The aim of this project was to specifically focus on the premolars of the lower jaw. By studying a collection of extracted teeth and ...
  • Antibiotic Prescription among Norwegian Dentists (2010-2016) 

    Røberg, Eveline; Evensen, Tiril Colberg (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-20)
    Norwegian health authorities have a goal to reduce the total antibiotic use by 30% by 2020. Studies have shown that dentists contribute to about 8% of the total antibiotic consumption in Norway, which emphasizes the role of dentists to achieve a reduction in the use of antibiotics in the society. The antibiotic prescription pattern among Norwegian dentists from 2010 until 2016 have been mapped and ...
  • Tannhelsetilbudet til innsatte i norske fengsler. En spørreundersøkelse blant fengselsansatte og fengselstannleger 

    Berggren, Tiril; Endresen, Erika Haugli; Bondø, Therese (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-18)
    Introduction: The extents of dental health issues are greater among prisoners compared to the general population. This study aimed to assess the dental services available to inmates in Norwegian prisons. Method: Electronic questionnaires were sent to 42 dentists treating inmates, and 43 prison workers. Results: Forty dentists and 38 prison workers participated in the study. 17 out of 18 ...
  • Prevalens av odontogene cyster i Norden, systematisk oversikt. Eventuelle risikofaktorer. 

    Nilssen, Lone Johanne; Opøyen, Maren F. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-21)
    Bakgrunn: Målet med studien er å belyse prevalens og eventuelle risikofaktorer av odontogene cyster i Norden, som inkluderer Norge, Sverige, Danmark og Finland. Metode: Systematisk oversikt med spesifikke søkeord og kombinasjoner i PubMed, den norske  Tannlegeforeningen og Tannlegetidende, det danske Tandlaegebladet og svenske Tandläkartidningen. Resultat: Av totalt 1338 ble fire artikler selektert ...
  • Helsesøstres erfaringer med risikofamilier 

    Myrvang, Solveig; Bergslid, Andrea (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-20)
    Bakgrunn Det er mye fokus på den positive utviklingen innen tannhelse i Norge, der statistikken viser at flere og flere barn er kariesfrie. Likevel ser man at det er en tydelig skjevfordeling der en liten andel av barn, har mesteparten av karies. Helsesøstre er de som har ansvaret for oppfølgingen av barns tannhelse frem til de er tre år. Tidlig identifisering av barn med risiko er viktig i forhold ...
  • Evaluation of knowledge of risk of infection during dental treatment in Arkhangelsk region, The Russain Fedration. 

    Danielsen, Katarina; Singh, Amritpal; Norlunn Fredriksen, Markus (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-20)
    Aim: Considering the increase in HIV and other blood-borne diseases in the Russian Federation, the lack of national guidelines and standard precautions in dental health care settings,  as well as the antibiotic resistance rising to dangerously high levels in all parts of the world, the aim of this study was to evaluate the infection control practice to assess the knowledge of risk of infection in ...
  • Munnhelsevaner og bruk av snus blant videregående avgangselever i Nordland 

    Klippenvåg, Line; Elsbak, Vilde Hilling (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-18)
    Objectives: The aim of our study was to get an overview of oral hygiene habits and the use of snus among high school graduates in Nordland county, and to investigate some background factors that may be associated with these habits. We also wanted to gain insight in the students’ motivation for maintaining good oral health, and to explore the influence of different factors around the use of snus. Material ...
  • Kunnskap om eldres munnhelse blant helsepersonell på sykehjem og i hjemmetjenesten 

    Ludvigsen, Andrea Flinstad; Olsen, Ida Dahl (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-18)
    I denne masteroppgaven har vi undersøkt hvilke kunnskaper de ansatte på sykehjem og i hjemmetjenesten har om munnhelse, og om subjektiv og objektiv kunnskap om munnhelse og munnstell samsvarer. Vi har også kartlagt hvor mye undervisning de har fått via utdannelse og jobb. Studien ble utført ved hjelp av spørreskjemaer som fysisk ble delt ut i de tre fylkene: Oslo, Nordland og Troms. Totalt ble det ...
  • Coeliac disease – what do dental health personnel know? 

    Storvolleng, Erlend Mikal Trolie; Blix Christensen, Lene (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-18)
    Introduction: This master thesis investigates the knowledge which dental health personnel possesses regarding the correlation between coeliac disease and oral health, and the factors that may influence this knowledge. Material and methods: A questionnaire have been sent out to all dentists and dental hygienists employed in the public dental service in Nordland and Troms. One hundred and forty-three ...
  • Helsesykepleieres holdninger til, og kunnskap om, barns munnhelse. Er dagens kunnskapsnivå tilstrekkelig? 

    Skjevling, Katarina; Mikalsen, Iris Koch (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-16)
    Sammendrag Mål: Kunnskap om risiko er avgjørende for å kunne iverksette forebyggede tiltak for, eller i det hele tatt oppdage, barn som er utsatt for nedsatt munnhelse. Vi ønsket med denne studien å se på hvilke holdninger, og hvilket kunnskapsnivå, som foreligger hos helsesykepleiere når det gjelder små barns munnhelse. To fylker fra ulike deler av landet ble valgt for å se om det fantes forskjeller ...
  • Fitness cost and excision rate of the conjugative transposon Tn916 

    Johansen, Stine Dolores Arctander; Hansen, Ragnhild Tanberg; Ressheim, Tina-Beate Grønning (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-19)
    Dental infections are getting more difficult to treat because of the increasing amount of antibiotic resistant oral bacteria. A bacterium can acquire resistance by horizontal gene transfer, this allows a bacterial population to acquire antibiotic resistance genes at a great rate. Occasionally, newly acquired resistance can reduce bacterial fitness. However, bacteria can evolve quickly to compensate ...

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