Now showing items 1-20 of 162

    • Polymer based adhesives for tooth restorations : monomer leakage and degradation 

      Nygårdsvoll, Marianne (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-06)
      Bonding materials are essential for modern restorative dentistry (i.e composite restorations and composite cements). Leakage from composite resin-based materials has been investigated and it is shown that 5-10 % of the residual monomers are released within the first seven days from the moment the restauration is made. Studies has also stated that monomer leakage can be a problem for patients and ...
    • Malalignment of anterior teeth in relation to orthodontic treatment experience and satisfaction with dental appearance in a group of adolecens in Norway 

      Punsvik, Lotte; Eriksen, Astrid Amalie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-06)
      The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship between some of the most common traits of malocclusion in Norway, overjet and anterior displacement, to satisfaction with dental appearance and treatment experience. Prevalence of malocclusions was studied in a sample of 55 adolescents, aged 14-15 years, from the city of Fauske in Northern Norway. Overjet and displacement were recorded on ...
    • A comparison of the effect and contentment among patients receiving at-home bleaching with two different treatment approaches 

      Krutå, John Arne (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-06)
      ABSTRACT: Introduction: Some bleaching modalities include an activation process with the utilization of heat or light to enhance the effect of bleaching gel. Aim: To compare the effect of treatment and the contentment among patients having received bleaching therapy with two different approaches. Methods and Materials: Six men and six women ranging from 22 to 61 years of age were included and divided ...
    • Prevalence of Oral Mucosal Lesions at external dental clinics of the University of Tromsø and a comparison with other studies 

      Holde, Gro Eirin; Hammervold, Ida Birgitte (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-06-10)
      Introduction: The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in the adult and child populations, examined or treated at external university dental clinics of the University of Tromsø, and then compare these prevalences with prevalences found in previous studies. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to the external University dental clinics (n=14), inviting all dental ...
    • Decision making in endodontics among the endodontic profession and general practitioners in Norway 

      Berg, Lars Martin (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-06-10)
      ABSTRACT Background: Considerable variation between and within groups of NEF members and general practitioners (GPs) has been shown in the choice of endodontic retreatment options. However, uniform criteria and consensus in decision-making would be of importance when the clinical training in the dental school is arranged in a community setting by GPs employed as clinical instructors. Objectives: ...
    • Adverse reactions to dental resin based materials 

      Nilsen, Lill Katrin; Eidissen, Marit (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06)
      Introduction: Dentists give dental treatment with resin-based materials to patients every day, and these materials are known to contain several substances that may cause unwanted reactions in human. Possible reactions in a shorter time limit are contact allergy and toxic contact dermatitis. Some plastic materials are also known to release substances which may have an estrogenic effect. Aim: The aim ...
    • Oral complications to head and neck cancer 

      Bergh, Kristin (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06)
      Patients with head and neck cancer may experience a broad spectre of debilitating oral complications the after radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The aim of this master thesis was to create information pamphlets in order to inform the patients with head and neck cancer about the possible complications of the cancer treatment and measurers to maintain or establish a good oral hygiene. Material and ...
    • Resin composite or ceramic inlays/onlays in posterior permanent teeth : a review of the literature 

      Breistrand, Joakim Lund; Juliussen, Øyvind (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06)
      Objective: To compare the clinical survival and long-term costs of extensive composite restorations to ceramic inlays and onlays. The hypothesis was that ceramic inlays and onlays can be more tooth substance saving and long-term economic for the patient than composite restorations. Methods: The dental literature, predominantly since 1990, was reviewed for prospective clinical studies of longevity ...
    • Minor oral soft tissue surgery for the general dental practitioner 

      Lein, Ingvild Årøen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06)
      In this study, a guide for soft tissue surgery has been made, based on a review. The guide should serve as an update and reminder of selected surgical procedures for the general dental practitioner.
    • Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in children and adolescents: prevalence, risk factors and diagnostics of TMD in children and adolescents. 

      Sørli, Ida Kathrine Birkelund; Torsdatter, Kristine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06)
      Aims: The purpose of our study is to systematically review the literature concerning prevalence, risk factors and diagnostics of TMD in children and adolescents in order to find methods for early detection. Through our study we hope to direct dentists to an evidence-based approach concerning children and adolescents by making a screening guideline. Material and methods: Systematic search of the ...
    • Dental status in elderly with and without dementia living in a nursing home: a pilot study 

      Paulsen, Linda; Strindberg, Anette (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06)
      Several studies conducted in the latest decades in Norway have shown a remarkable decrease in the edentulous population. This along with the overall increase in the number of elderly presents tremendous challenges for the healthcare system in the future. Dementia is a condition that further complicates the oral health situation in the elderly population. In this pilot study we wanted to investigate ...
    • Clinical performance of empress reconstructions in a university clinic: a retrospective study 

      Whatley, Edwin Bentinck; Larssen, Andreas Järvinen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06)
      Objective: To retrospectively evaluate empress crowns/onlays placed in patients treated by dentistry students at the University clinic in Tromsø. Material and methods: A total of 37 empress restorations placed in 26 patients were evaluated according to the California Dental Association´s (CDA) quality evaluation system. All of the reconstructions were luted with resin composite cement. The mean ...
    • Behaviour Guidance Techniques in Dentistry to prevent the need of General Anesthesia 

      Jakobsen, Lise Bjørnåvold; Steinsund, Christine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06)
      In this thesis we wanted to find out; "Are there guidelines on the use of behaviour guidance techniques in dentistry to prevent the need of General Anesthesia".
    • Drug addict’s experiences on oral health care: an interview study 

      Lange, Martin Bergseng; Thorsteinsson, E. B. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06)
      Objective: To understand the dental health challenges of recovered drug addicts, and how the system of oral health rehabilitation works and functions as seen from the perspective of recovered addicts. Basic Design: Semi-structured interviews with seven recovered drug addicts from the city of Tromsø, Norway. The audio from the interviews was transcribed and analysed using NVIVO software. Results: All ...
    • Referral and treatment practices in Orthodontis: a questionnaire study to dentists and dental hygienists in Troms County 

      Mathisen, Linda Kristin Bøe; Eriksen, Christel Bruun (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-08)
      Objective: The purpose of this study was to find out how screening and referring arrangements of patients with malocclusions was working between different dental professional groups in the public dental health services in Troms County. We also wanted to find out to what extent general dentists in Troms County were involved in interceptive orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods: The study ...
    • Dental education at the University of Tromsø : will the intentions be fulfilled? 

      Heide, Kristine; Arntzen, Lene (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-08)
    • Education of dentists: a comparison of the three dental programs in Norway 

      Mehus, Kristin Elise; Pedersen, Ragnar (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-08)
      En sammenligning av de tre utdanningsprogrammene i odontologi i Norge basert på studieplaner og styrende dokumenter.
    • Classification of severe tooth discolorations and treatment options 

      Tran, Huy Quoc; Jenssen, Lotte (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-09)
      In this literature study, a classification of severe discolorations and a summary over the options for different dental treatments have been described. Various causes of these severe discolorations are presented and how the mechanisms behind tooth discolorations affect the outcome of a treatment or treatment options. Finally, the aesthetic outcome of a possible bleaching treatment of the different ...
    • Caries risk assessment: why, when and how? 

      Antonsen, Grethe Marie; Hunstad, Marie Nøvik (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-15)
      This literature study reviewed papers on caries risk assessment on patients` above 18 years published between 2000 and 2010. In the present study three different methods are discussed: The Cariogram, CAMBRA ( Caries Management By Risk Assessment) and the UIT – method (University of Tromsø). The purpose of caries risk assessments are to find out which risk level the patient has and try to lower the ...
    • Public dentist in Finnmark : work conditions and challenges 

      Klaudiussen, Ida Johanne; Niskanen Hansen, Nina Marleena (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05)
      You can often hear people within the dental care system in Norway expressing that: “if you take a job in Finnmark you will get to do a lot and gain a lot of experience”. This claim might be based on the fact that there are very few specialists in Finnmark. In addition, low population density with long distances to dental service creates a high degree of independence and self-reliance among dental ...