Now showing items 1-20 of 76

    • Downstream gene expression of wild type p53 tumor suppressor gene versus mutated and null p53 

      Aljabri, Mohammad Belal (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2006-11)
      P53 is a key tumor suppressor and transcription factor protecting us from cancer. The wild type p53 protein functions as a regulatory protein, triggering a variety of cellular responses to different signals. Activation of p53 can lead to cell division arrest, DNA repair, or apoptosis. More than 60% of all human cancers contain p53 mutations. P53 is also reported in many studies to play a role in the ...
    • The 5-HT1E receptor. Receptor structure and ligand interactions. 

      Gabrielsen, Mari (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2006-12-08)
      5-HT (5-Hydroxytryptamine; Serotonin) is the neurotransmitter with the highest number of known receptors in humans, and the importance of 5-HT is also reflected in the number of species using 5-HT as a signalling molecule and the number of 5-HT receptors found within each species. 15 human 5-HT receptors have at this date been characterised and classified into seven 5-HT receptor families. Six of ...
    • Analysis of glomerular target structures for nephritic anti-dsDNA antibodies playing central roles in lupus nephritis 

      Tømmerås, Berit (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05)
      Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of autoantibodies towards nuclear antigens. Sub-populations of anti-dsDNA antibodies have the potential to bind in the kidney and thereby induce nephritis, but there is no definite distinction that separates non-pathogenic from pathogenic antibodies. There must be parameters that determine anti-dsDNA antibody binding, ...
    • Real-time polymerase chain reaction species specific for Neisseria Gonorrhoeae 

      Olsen, Merethe Elise (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05)
      Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria called gonococci. The disease was described in ancient times, but until the late nineteenth century it was mixed up with syphilis. Eventually microscopy could differ between the organisms and give a reliable diagnosis. Human is the only known reservoir for gonorrhea. It is transferred during all acts of sexual activity, and an infection ...
    • Theoretical and experimental studies of thermolysin inhibition 

      Wuxiuer, Yimingjiang (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05-15)
      Zinc-metalloproteinases play a key role in the biosythesis and metabolism of different bioactive peptides. As a member of zinc-metalloproteinases, thermolysin has served as a model system to study the inhibition mechanism of other metalloproteinases. Inhibitors of thermolysin have considerable potential as therapeutic agents. In the present master thesis, docking calculations were performed and ...
    • Et eksperimentelt studium av kreftceller fra livmorhals - Strålesensitivitet, effektutvikling og cGMP nivåer 

      Livik, Marit (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06)
      I denne oppgaven ble kreftceller fra livmorhals bestrålt med gammastråler. Strålingens effekt på celletetthet, celledød og cellesyklus ble undersøkt for å si noe om disse cellenes strålesensitivitet. Den ekstracellulære konsentrasjonen av cGMP ble også målt. Dette sykliske nukleotidet har relevans fordi det har vist seg at nivået av cGMP går ned etter behandling hos pasienter med livmorhalskreft.
    • Prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in Norwegian and Swedish clinical isolates of Escherchia coli and Klebsiella spp. 

      Karah, Nabil (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-12)
      The aim of this study was to examine the presence of plasmid-mediated qnr and aac(6')-Ib-cr resistance genes among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. clinical isolates obtained between 2003 and 2005 from Norway and Sweden and showed resistance and/or reduced susceptibility to nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin, respectively. Prevalence of the qnr (1.6%) and aac(6’)-Ib-cr (14.1%) determinants was ...
    • A molecular study of putative pili structures in Enterococuus faecium 

      Schei, Ingvild Kristin Midtervoll (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-12)
      Infections caused by Enterococcus faecium have increased over the last few decades. In this thesis there has been an attempt to identify putative pili proteins in E. faecium. The putative genes were ligated into a pENTR vector; the insert was sequenced to check the orientation, sequence, length and ends. Then the putative genes were recombined into a pDEST vector for expression. The expression showed ...
    • Human articular chondrocytes express Chemerin receptor, ChemR23, which conveys inflammatory signalling 

      Berg, Vivian (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-12-17)
      Common features of arthritis include destruction of extracellular matrices in cartilage and bone as a result of chronic inflammation. Cartilage deterioration is generally described as a result from the effect of immune cells and their inflammatory mediators. However, recent reports suggest a role of chondrocytes in the initiation of inflammation in joints, and that they play a pivotal role in the ...
    • Characterization of the Arabidopsis thaliana homologue of NBR1 

      Svenning, Steingrim (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-15)
      It is now well established that p62 and NBR1 are selectively degraded by autophagy and can act as cargo receptors or adaptors for the autophagic degradation of ubiquitinated substrates. Research on autophagy in plants is also well under way, but the mechanism by which target substrates are sequestered for autophagic degradation has not been elucidated. The uncharacterized plant protein Q9SB64 shares ...
    • The world of β-glucans : a review of biological roles, applications and potential areas of research 

      Ali, Syed Haris (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-15)
      Among many known and tested immunomodulators, polysaccharides isolated from various natural sources occupy a prominent position. An important group of these polysaccharides is represented by the homopolymers of β-glucose, called β-glucans. Their very low-to-negligible toxicity and immunomodulating effects show the promise it has in the therapy of a variety of infectious and cancer illnesses. ...
    • Molecular and biochemical characterisation of naturally occurring hyperexpressed and mutated extended spectrum AmpC beta-lactamases in Norwegian clinical isolates of Escherichia coli 

      Igeltjørn, Lise (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-11-17)
      Jeg har karakterisert kliniske E. coli isolater, med nedsatt følsomhet for cefalosporiner, på nukleotid og amino syre nivå.
    • The biological cost of genetic elements. 

      Munthali, Tamara Tracy (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-03-15)
      The emergence and increase of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial populations has raised interest in the factor that contributes to this situation. Mobile genetic elements and in particular integrons have been found to play a role in the spread of resistance genes due to their ability to capture and integrate one or more gene cassettes by site-specific recombination. The genes can be integrated ...
    • King crab proteases: as stimulators of an inflammatory pathway in human airway epithelial cells 

      Nasir, Munawar Ahmad (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-03-22)
      In these studies, we focus on moricrase (enzyme mixture from hapatopancreas of king crab) as an activator of inflammatory responses in airway cells. Taking under consideration that serine proteases, such as trypsin, are stimulator of interlukin-8 (IL-8). We investigate the role of protease activated receptor 2 (PAR-2) in the inflammation of human pulmonary epithelial cells (A549). A549 cells were ...
    • The antioxidant system of arctic seabirds and the effect of HOCs on antioxidant capacity of kidney tissue 

      Jansen, Marta Karoline (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-06-15)
      The arctic is exposed to a wide range of pollutants which originate from industrialized areas located in temperate regions. Halogenated organic contaminants (HOCs) are of special concern due to their persistency and ability to bioaccumulate. Consequently, animals high in the food chain, such as marine seabirds, are prone to accumulate high levels of these compounds. The HOCs are known to increase ...
    • Development of new tissue culture protocols for enrichment of CD4 T cells associated with neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia 

      Killie, Ida Løken (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-11-15)
      Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) is most commonly caused by destruction of foetal platelets by maternal antibodies reactive to human platelet antigen (HPA)-1a. The activation of antigen-primed B cells to differentiate to antibody-secreting plasma cells usually requires help from CD4 T cells. The strong association between anti-HPA-1a-production and the MHC allele HLA-DRB3*0101 supports ...
    • Aminoglycoside resistance in clinical Gram-negative isolates from Norway 

      Haldorsen, Bjørg Christina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-04-06)
      Aminoglycosides represent an important class of antimicrobial agents. The prevalence of aminoglycoside resistance among Gram-negative bacteria in Norway is low, but an increased prevalence among clinical isolates of Escherichia coli has been observed during the last years. The most prevalent resistance mechanism is aminoglycoside modifying enzymes. In addition, resistance may occur when bacteria ...
    • A study of the interaction between MAPKAP Kinase 5 / MK5 and DNAJB1 

      Lægreid, Kari Jenssen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-02)
      The mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK) are a large and diverse family of protein kinases, contributing to the cells ability to respond to external stimuli by relaying messages in a well orchestrated way until they reach their final destinations. This is achieved through successive phosphorylation events. One member of this large family is mitogen activated protein kinase activated protein ...
    • Directed evolution of Escherichia coli LacZ gene to create diversity in glycosidic bonds hydrolysis 

      Bohra, Pallavi (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-16)
      Starting with LacZ of Escherichia coli, coding for β-galactosidase, the aim of the thesis project is to apply in vitro directed evolution techniques to help create other glycosidic bond hydrolysis activities. This was done using the main β-galactosidase backbone with limited amino acid sequence change. Any altered glycosyl hydrolase activity would lead to changed substrate specificity. Moreover, ...
    • Partial characterization of predicted ABCC5 inhibitors by the aid of human erythrocyte inside-out vesicles 

      Ørvoll, Elin (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-24)
      ABCC5 is a member of the superfamily of ABC-transporters, and it has been identified as an efflux transporter of cGMP. This transporter is also involved in export of antibiotic and cytostatic drugs from target cells, and as such represents a challenge in treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. In order to find inhibitors to ABCC5 mediated drug efflux, compounds predicted as potent inhibitors ...