We Ran a Hospital. The Norwegian Nurses efforts During the Korean War and the Impact of their Experiences on Norwegian Nursing and Theatre Nursing
During the Korean War (1951-53), Norway operated and staffed a surgical field hospital at the front along the 38th parallel. The Norwegian Mobile Army Surgical Hospital – NORMASH – was a part of the United Nations peace-enforcing force to stop aggression from North-Korea towards South-Korea.
NORMASH was staffed only with civilian volunteers. Without any training as a military group or in war surgeries, the 111 nurses, 22 deacons (male nurses) and 80 physicians, ran an advanced hospital that performed rather sophisticated surgery and treatment as close as 15 – 30 kilometers from the front. Approximately 9,600 operations were performed, and 90,000 patients are believed to have been treated at NORMASH.
Most of the nurses were trained theatre nurses. Nursing procedures, new surgical technics and experiences with new technology as medevac with helicopters, was after the war introduced in Norwegian health care and nursing by theatre nurses, nurses and surgeons from NORMASH. Many of them went back to Korea after the war and contributed to the reconstruction of Koreas own health care.
Paper 1: Lockertsen, J.-Th., Fause, Å., Hallett, C.E. & Brooks, J. (2015). The Norwegian Mobile Army Surgical Hospital: Nursing at the front. In Brooks, J. & Hallett, C.E. (Eds.), One Hundred Years of Wartime Nursing Practices, 1854 – 1953 (pp. 232–253). Manchester: Manchester University Press. eISBN: 9781526101532. Also available at https://www.manchesterhive.com/view/9781526101532/9781526101532.xml.
Paper 2: Lockertsen, J.-Th., Fause, Å. & Hallett, C.E. (2020). The Norwegian Mobile Army Surgical Hospital in the Korean War (1951-1954): Military Hospital or Humanitarian “Sanctuary?”. Nursing History Review 28(1), 93–126. Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/1062-8061.28.93. Accepted manuscript version available in Munin at https://hdl.handle.net/10037/16276.
Paper 3: Lockertsen, J.-Th. & Fause, Å. (2018). The nursing legacy of the Korea Sisters. Nursing Open, 5(1), 94–100. Also available in Munin at https://hdl.handle.net/10037/12343.
PublisherUiT The Arctic University of Norway
UiT Norges arktiske universitet
The following license file are associated with this item: