• Absenteeism in Norway - How does the North differ from the rest? A panel data study of the period from 2002 to 2011 

      Nyrud, Thomas Christer (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-05-30)
      A panel data study of sick leave behavior in the Norwegian population is conducted on a municipality level for the period from 2002 to 2011. Data on sickness insurance usage is fitted against a selection of variables describing different regional characteristics that have been linked with absenteeism in the earlier literature. A basic model for sick leave usage is constructed, and further divided ...
    • Analysis of demand for cod in EU Mainland. An investigation of the demand for different product forms of cod 

      Jahn, Christopher (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-30)
      This study is a demand analysis for the European Union mainland’s import of the different product forms of cod. A system of demand equations are specified with a Linearized Almost Ideal Demand System ( LA-AIDS) to analyze the demand for fresh, frozen, clip, salt and dried cod using a data set from 1988-2014. The time series properties are explored and found to be non-stationary but they cointegrate. ...
    • Analysis of import demand and consumption of salmon in France. Discovering the reasons behind the increasing salmon prices 

      Pyanchenkova, Yulia (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-12-01)
      This thesis is an analysis of import demand and consumption of salmon in France. The objective is to discover the reasons behind the dramatically increasing salmon prices during the recent years. The dynamic first difference version of the Linearized Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) is primarily applied and two separate demand systems are constructed and estimated. The first demand system analyses ...
    • An analysis of structure change of food demand in China 

      Wang, Guanqing (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-06-01)
      The estimation of consumer demand is playing an important role in applied econometrics. Chinese food demand has fundamentally changed as the result of growing income and urbanization ever since the economic reform in 1978. Although food demand of the western countries has been widely studied in the literature, the study of demand in the developing countries like China has been much ignored. In this ...
    • Anchoring & Auctions - Willingness to pay for public goods and anchoring in an auction 

      Olsen, Thomas Norbye (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-05)
      This thesis discusses the cognitive bias anchoring observed in economics, psychology and in general. Anchoring effect describes the common human tendency to rely too heavily on the first piece of information offered (the anchor) when making decisions. The thesis reports on an experiment examining anchoring effect on willingness to pay for a set of consumer goods. In this study I find that the actual ...
    • Anomalies : confrontation between economic theory and economic experiments 

      Heen, Eirik Eriksen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-16)
      This thesis discusses some of the anomalies observed in economics in general. Anomalies are classified as behavior that is contradictory to utility theory and/or Nash equilibrium behavior. The thesis reviews an experiment and classifies some of the anomalies detected through the experiment. The experiment is based on a two stage R&D game, allowing firms to cooperate in R&D. Risk is introduced ...
    • "Å miste dei beste hovuda". Verknader av hjerneflukt for u-land 

      Refsdal, Åsne Skjelbred (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-05)
      Den nye hjernefluktlitteraturen legg eit teoretisk grunnlag for at det ved høve til migrasjon kan bli ein positiv auke i humankapitalnivået og at eit u-land kan oppleve ein fordelaktig hjerneflukt (beneficial brain drain). Ein føreset at det er høgare avkasting av utdanning i mottakarlanda (i-land) enn sendarlandet (u-land) ved at likevektslønna i i-land er høgare. Dette gjer at fleire menneske vil ...
    • Bidrar FoU til dannelsen av næringsklynger? 

      Berg, Kristin (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-05-15)
      Diskusjonen i denne oppgaven går ut på hvorvidt FoU samarbeid mellom forskningsintensive bedrifter bidrar til å skape vekstkraftige næringsklynger. Jeg ser på dette gjennom en enkel oligopolmodell bestående av to like bedrifter som foretar strategivalg angående FoU og produksjonskvantum. Beslutningsprosessen illustreres som et tretrinnsspill hvor bedriftene først velger om de vil samarbeide om FoU ...
    • Can stock returns be used as a proxy for corporate bond yields? 

      Grønning, Stian Ek (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-06-04)
      In this paper, I have investigated the relationship between the change in yield and stock returns for 27 firms for 47 consecutive business days. Firstly, I have found that there is an inverse relationship between the rating of firms and the degree of correlation between the stock return and the change in yield for bonds issued by the same firm. Secondly, I have not successfully managed to demonstrate ...
    • Challenges in Experimental Economics: Discussions based on a field study among fishermen 

      Uuskartano, Kia Johanna; Breivik, Svetlana S. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-29)
      Experimental economics has in later decades evolved to become a part of the economics science and is now steadily reported in economics journals. But there are still debates going on in this field; these debates regard for example whether theory should be revised due to findings from experiments, whether experiments should be conducted in the laboratory or in the field in addition to debates regarding ...
    • Demand analysis of the Chinese whitefish market 

      Balachandran, Adrian (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-11-30)
      A demand analysis of the Chinese whitefish market was done, using Chinese import data provided by Norwegian Seafood Council. The main whitefish species of Alaska Pollock, Cod, Haddock, Coalfish and Hake was studied using the LA/AIDS model. Alaska Pollock is the cheapest of the whitefish species, and it has the largest market share, of an average of 50 percent of all Chinese whitefish imports. Because ...
    • Demand Analysis of the Whitefish Market in the EU - Has Pangasius Taken Over Market Shares in the Whitefish Market? 

      Hellandsjø, Lena Victoria (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-11-30)
      The market for seafood has changed significantly during the last couple of decades. This is mainly due to two prevailing trends, that is the stagnation in harvest of wild fish and increased production of aquaculture species. The growth in the supply of aquaculture products is caused by both new species entering the market and an increased production of already established species. Given the vast ...
    • Determinants of credit constraints in Ethiopia 

      Eshetu, Obse Muktar (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-06-15)
      A well-functioning financial system plays an important role in resources allocation and credit expansion, and is vital in stimulating economic growth by fueling investment and consumption. Development of efficient financial system should therefore be one of the main priorities of a developing nation such as Ethiopia. The county has achieved phenomenal economic growth over the last decades and advanced ...
    • Econometrics versus the Bookmakers. An econometric approach to sports betting 

      Hansen, Sindre Michael (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-06-01)
      Bruk av økonometri for å estimere sannsynligheter for ulike utfall i fotballkamper, over en Premier League sesong. Lager en modell basert på Bradley-Terry. Resultatet av estimeringene testes deretter ved å sammenligne med historisk odds satt av ulike spilltilbydere, og anvendes for hypotetiske innsatser. Modellen viser profitt.
    • The economic potential for closed cage fish farming and the total economic value of the wild salmon stock. A literature review 

      Pedersen, Christ Ulrik Alterskjær (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-06-22)
      The aquaculture industry has been in rapid development in the last decades. Norwegian Atlantic salmon farming has proven to be an efficient and fast growing industry. Being able to develop and utilize open net-pens on the Norwegian coastline has been a key factor for the industry. However, the open net-pen technology are facing problems with external environmental effects. These environmental problems ...
    • Electric vehicles in Norway: a cost-benefit analysis 

      Johnsen, Truls J. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-31)
      This research looks at the socioeconomic effects between the procurement and use of an electric vehicle compared to a conventional vehicle under today´s policy measures. In order to get a sufficient comparison between electric and vehicles the cost-benefit analysis was chosen. The cost-benefit analysis was done in three separate scenarios, where each scenario included different variables. This was ...
    • En etterspørselsanalyse av laksemarkedet i EU. Med et spesielt blikk på lakseavtalen mellom Norge og EU 

      Thyholdt, Sverre Braathen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-05)
      Denne oppgaven er en etterspørselsanalyse av laksemarkedet i EU, hvor spesielt effekten av lakseavtalen mellom EU og Norge blir analysert. For å estimere effekten er det blitt brukt tre forskjellige AIDS (almost ideal demand system) modeller. Den første modellen behandler lakseavtalen som en dummyvariabel. Dummyvariabelen er en skiftvariabel som viser skiftene i etterspørselskurven lakseavtalen ...
    • En nytte- kostnadsanalyse av den mulige "flerbruksveien" i Lyngen 

      Sæther, Marit Slåen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-11-15)
      Denne oppgaven utfører en nytte- kostnadsanalyse av en mulig skogsvei til flerbruk i Lyngen. Flere av økosystemtjenestene i området vil kunne påvirkes av en mulig vei, og disse tjenestene blir forsøkt beskrevet, og tallfestes der det er mulig. På nyttesiden er det rekreasjonsverdi og innsparinger i terrengtransport som er de største prissatte komponentene. Investeringskostnader og vedlikeholdskostnader ...
    • En sammenligning av økonomiske teorier for regional vekst 

      Lunde, Grethe (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05-15)
      Formålet med denne oppgaven er å sammenligne to teorier for økonomisk vekst i regioner. På den ene siden har jeg en keynesiansk tilnærming hvor jeg har benyttet en modell utledet av Thirlwall (1980). Thirlwalls modell fokuserer på etterspørselen etter eksportvarer som kilde til økonomisk vekst, hvor tilbudet i markedet tilpasser seg etterspørselen. Jeg har supplert med teori fra blant annet Kaldor ...
    • An Essay on the Significance of Economic Growth and Inequality on Human Welfare 

      Jacobsen, Martin Iver (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-12-22)
      When the twenty-first century began there had over several decades been developed a dominant political discourse where economic growth was the overarching objective of public policy and with the terms of that discourse reflecting a significantly changed acceptance for the market mechanism as the primary way to achieve that end. Moreover, a significant degree of inequality was not only seen as an ...