|dc.description.abstract||Background: Moxibustion, acupuncture and other acupoint stimulations are commonly used for
the correction of breech presentation. This systematic review aims to evaluate the efficacy and
safety of moxibustion and other acupoint stimulations to treat breech presentation.
Methods: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs)
on moxibustion, acupuncture or any other acupoint stimulating methods for breech presentation
in pregnant women. All searches in PubMed, the Cochrane Library (2008 Issue 2), China National
Knowledge Information (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP) and WanFang Database
ended in July 2008. Two authors extracted and analyzed the data independently.
Results: Ten RCTs involving 2090 participants and seven CCTs involving 1409 participants were
included in the present study. Meta-analysis showed significant differences between moxibustion
and no treatment (RR 1.35, 95% CI 1.20 to 1.51; 3 RCTs). Comparison between moxibustion and
knee-chest position did not show significant differences (RR 1.30, 95% CI 0.95 to 1.79; 3 RCTs).
Moxibustion plus other therapeutic methods showed significant beneficial effects (RR 1.36, 95% CI
1.21 to 1.54; 2 RCTs). Laser stimulation was more effective than assuming the knee-chest position
plus pelvis rotating. Moxibustion was more effective than no treatment (RR 1.29, 95% CI 1.17 to
1.42; 2 CCTs) but was not more effective than the knee-chest position treatment (RR 1.22, 95%
CI 1.11 to 1.34; 2 CCTs). Laser stimulation at Zhiyin (BL67) was more effective than the knee-chest
position treatment (RR 1.30, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.54; 2 CCTs,).
Conclusion: Moxibustion, acupuncture and laser acupoint stimulation tend to be effective in the
correction of breech presentation.||en