Development of 8f-labeled radiotracers for pet imaging of the adenosine a2a receptor: Synthesis, radiolabeling and preliminary biological evaluation
AuthorLai, Thu Hang; Schröder, Susann; Toussaint, Magali; Dukić-Stefanović, Sladjana; Kranz, Mathias; Ludwig, Friedrich-Alexander; Fischer, Steffen; Steinbach, Jörg; Deuther-Conrad, Winnie; Brust, Peter; Moldovan, Rareş-Petru
The adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) represents a potential therapeutic target for neurodegenerative diseases. Aiming at the development of a positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer to monitor changes of receptor density and/or occupancy during the A2AR-tailored therapy, we designed a library of fluorinated analogs based on a recently published lead compound (PPY). Among those, the highly affine 4-fluorobenzyl derivate (PPY1; Ki(hA2AR) = 5.3 nM) and the 2-fluorobenzyl derivate (PPY2; Ki(hA2AR) = 2.1 nM) were chosen for 18F-labeling via an alcohol-enhanced copper-mediated procedure starting from the corresponding boronic acid pinacol ester precursors. Investigations of the metabolic stability of [18F]PPY1 and [18F]PPY2 in CD-1 mice by radio-HPLC analysis revealed parent fractions of more than 76% of total activity in the brain. Specific binding of [18F]PPY2 on mice brain slices was demonstrated by in vitro autoradiography. In vivo PET/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in CD-1 mice revealed a reasonable high initial brain uptake for both radiotracers, followed by a fast clearance.