Implementation of international society guidelines on chorionicity determination in twins: A multi-Center cohort study in mainland China
AuthorWu, Su-Wen; Zhou, Qiongjie; Xiao, Xirong; Xiong, Yu; Liang, Huan; Shen, Jie; Barrett, Jon; Wang, Hong; Li, Xiao-Tian
Methods: A multi‑centered cohort study was conducted between January 2014 and June 2017 in 12 hospitals without fetal medicine centers. In 2014, the obstetricians and ultrasound physicians were trained in clinical practice and ultrasound examination relating to chorionicity determination. Linear and binary regression analyses were conducted to identify the effects of introducing the new protocols, including the diagnosis rate of chorionicty and perinatal outcomes, taking the data from 2014 as a baseline. Pregnancy outcomes were additionally adjusted for maternal age.
Results: During the period of this study, 3,599 twin pregnancies from 12 centers were enrolled, and a total of 2,998 twin pregnancies were extracted. The rate of overall chorionicity determination, including antenatal and postpartum diagnosis, increased successively from 49.5% in 2014 to 93.5% in 2017 (P < 0.0001). The rate of ultrasonic chorionicity diagnosis before 14 weeks increased from 25.2% in 2014 to 65.0% in 2017 (P < 0.0001). These changes were associated with decreasing incidence of preterm birth, a lower risk of stillbirth, whether for one (P = 0.0456 in 2016) or two fetuses (P = 0.0470 in 2016; P = 0.0042 in 2017) and a decreased rate of admission to neonatal intensive care unit (43.0% in 2014, 37.4% in 2017; P = 0.0032).
Conclusions: The implementation of a clinical practice guideline improved both overall and early chorionicity determinations. Regular training workshops of antenatal care are recommended to further promote capability in clinical diagnosis and treatment.